James Vince and Gary Ballance have been included in England's Ashes squad at the expense of Tom Westley, while Craig Overton is among three uncapped players who will travel to Australia.
Ben Stokes was also named in a 16-man party two days after his arrest, and subsequent release without charge, for a late-night incident in Bristol.
Westley has paid the price for failing to cement his spot at number three in an unsettled batting line-up during the series wins over South Africa and West Indies.
Vince also failed to prove his Test credentials in seven matches last year and has not played for his country since facing Pakistan 13 months ago, but will travel Down Under along with the recalled Ballance.
National selector James Whitaker said in a statement: "The selectors are backing James Vince to make an impact on his recall to the Test squad.
"He is a quality strokeplayer and we believe his game will suit the Australian pitches
"His understanding of the England set-up will help him settle into the environment quickly and hit the ground running when we arrive in Perth next month."
Mark Wood and Toby Roland-Jones miss out due to injury, so paceman Overton gets his chance. Leg-spinner Mason Crane and reserve wicketkeeper Ben Foakes are the other two uncapped players to get the nod.