Across the world, as the COVID-19 pandemic continues to exert a toll on the way we live, it has also reshaped the way journalists work. Covering the pandemic and its aftermath has led to direct exposure to the virus, but just as concerningly, journalists have been exposed to the whims of authorities in some countries where the pandemic has been used as a reason to crack down on the media.
Some of the emergency measures put into place that restrict press freedom — whether intended or not — could continue well into the future, and journalists are already facing the consequences. From February 2020 to June 22, 2021, alone, the Committee to Protect Journalists (CPJ) has documented 221 press freedom violations related to the pandemic.
IWMF, the International Women’s Media Foundation, also recently published a report commissioned by the Gates Foundation on COVID-19 and how it has impacted the voices of women and journalists of color. “The Missing Perspectives of Women in COVID-19 News” shows that few women experts have been quoted on the pandemic in the media. The study found that in South Africa, Kenya, India, Nigeria, the U.S. and the U.K., even when a woman’s voice is heard in the news on COVID-19, it is drowned out by the voices of men. The report finds that the absence of women’s perspectives in COVID-related news coverage has meant that women have limited influence over the framing of the crisis in the news and consequently, limited influence over policy decisions.
IWMF and CPJ also provide information and resources to journalists so they can report safely during the pandemic. Find more in CPJ’s regularly updated COVID-19 safety advisory for the latest on physical and digital safety information for journalists in 40-plus languages, and explore IWMF’s resources.
1. Rana Ayyub, Saba Naqvi and Mohammed Zubair (India)
Last year, Indian police filed a criminal investigation against an editor at the independent news website The Wire for allegedly “spreading discord” related to the COVID-19 lockdown. Now authorities have launched a criminal investigation against The Wire and the journalists Rana Ayyub, Saba Naqvi and Mohammed Zubair that alleges they shared an unverified video that could cause social unrest.
2. Azimjon Askarov (Kyrgyzstan)
July 25 marks one year since the journalist and human rights activist Azimjon Askarov died in a Kyrgyz prison. His family suspected that he had contracted COVID-19, but authorities refused to test him.
3. José Antônio Arantes (Brazil)
The founder and editor of Folha da Região has received threatening messages on social media in response to his coverage of the pandemic, and he was the target of an arson attack on the building housing both his home and his newspaper's headquarters.
4. Gamal al-Gamal (Egypt)
The Egyptian freelance columnist contracted COVID-19 earlier this year while held in pretrial detention in Cairo’s notorious Tora Prison. He was eventually transferred to a hospital, but the conditions behind bars remain unsafe for many inmates.
5. Rozina Islam (Bangladesh)
Rozina Islam was arrested in May on allegations of stealing official documents and espionage after reporting on alleged corruption and mismanagement in the government’s response to the pandemic. Although she was released on bail, she could face up to 14 years in prison and the death penalty if charged and convicted.
6. Nurgeldi Halykov (Turkmenistan)
Freelance correspondent Nurgeldi Halykov has been behind bars since September 2020 on fraud charges, which colleagues believe were brought in retaliation for his reporting, including coverage of the pandemic for the independent Netherlands-based news website Turkmen.news.
7. Andrzej Poczobut (Belarus)
Andrzej Poczobut, a political commentator and TV producer, has been held in pretrial detention since March. He has reportedly contracted COVID-19 while behind bars, with prisoners kept in crowded conditions, but has now been placed in quarantine.
8. Siddique Kappan (India)
The Indian journalist Siddique Kappan reportedly collapsed earlier this year behind bars, after reportedly contracting COVID-19. While a court dropped one of the non-bailable charges against him in June, authorities in Uttar Pradesh continue to pursue and investigate additional retaliatory charges against him.
9. Shahram Safari (Iran)
Shahram Safari, a freelance Kurdish journalist, who also runs the local news Telegram channel “Rawezh Press,” was sentenced to three months in prison over his COVID-19 reporting. While he is appealing the decision, he faces two additional cases against him.
10. Oratile Dikologang (Botswana)
Oratile Dikologang, the co-founder and digital editor of the local website Botswana People’s Daily News, is due in court July 12 on charges relating to information he shared on Facebook about COVID-19 and local politics. He denies publishing the posts.
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