Johnson and Martin to discuss Brexit tensions and N Ireland’s troubled past

Northern Ireland’s troubled past and Brexit tensions are likely to dominate discussions between the Irish Premier and UK Prime Minister on Friday.

Boris Johnson has been dogged by criticism in recent days over his response to an inquest finding that 10 people killed in shootings involving the Army in the Ballymurphy area of west Belfast in 1971 were “entirely innocent”.

A Downing Street claim that the Prime Minister apologised on behalf of the state in a phone call with First Minister Arlene Foster and deputy First Minister Michelle O’Neill was dismissed by the families as a “third-party apology”.

Ballymurphy inquest
The families of the Ballymurphy victims and supporters wave white flags hours after a coroner ruled that the 10 people killed in the west Belfast shootings involving British soldiers in Ballymurphy in August 1971 were entirely innocent (Liam McBurney/PA)

Then, a letter of apology which Mr Johnson sent to the families’ solicitor as Secretary of State Brandon Lewis made an apology in the House of Commons on Thursday was branded “unacceptable”.

Meanwhile, Taoiseach Micheal Martin last week expressed concern at reports the UK is considering introducing a form of amnesty on Troubles prosecutions.

He said any such proposal would represent a “breach of trust”, as it appears to scrap a key mechanism agreed by the UK and Irish governments and main Northern Ireland parties in the 2014 Stormont House Agreement.

The Taoiseach is also likely to want to discuss the ramifications of Brexit and the Northern Ireland Protocol on both trade and political tensions.

Trade across the Irish Sea has been impacted by new checks introduced following the UK’s departure from the EU (Brian Lawless/PA)

New checks on goods arriving at ports across the island of Ireland from Great Britain have impacted on trade.

However with the Northern Ireland Protocol retaining the region as part of the EU for goods checks, unionists and loyalists have expressed anger at what they regard as a border in the Irish Sea and separation from the rest of the UK.

Protests have been ongoing across Northern Ireland, with some resulting in serious disorder last month.

The violence was also attributed to anger at a decision not to prosecute senior members of Sinn Fein for alleged Covid-19 breaches at the funeral of a senior republican in Belfast.

Northern Ireland unrest
People gather by the Peace Gates in Lanark Way, Belfast, during unrest last month (Liam McBurney/PA)

Unionism has been plunged into turmoil with DUP leader Arlene Foster forced to resign following an internal revolt, and UUP leader Steve Aiken also tendering his resignation.

DUP leadership contenders Sir Jeffrey Donaldson and Edwin Poots have both pledged to increase opposition to the protocol, even if it risks collapsing Stormont.

Meanwhile a pan-unionist legal challenge to the protocol is due to start being heard at Belfast High Court later.

The British and Irish leaders will meet in a long-arranged meeting at lunchtime at the Prime Minister’s Chequers estate in Buckinghamshire.

An Irish Government spokesman said on Wednesday: “The lunchtime meeting, which was scheduled some time ago, is expected to cover the response to Covid-19, a range of issues relevant to peace and stability in Northern Ireland and the broader British-Irish relationship.”