Biden urges healing and cooperation after defeating Trump for U.S. presidency

US-VOTE-TRUMP

President-elect Joe Biden declared it was "time to heal" a deeply divided America in his first speech after winning a bitter election, even as President Donald Trump refused to concede and pressed ahead with legal fights against the outcome.

Biden clinched Pennsylvania on Saturday to put him over the threshold of 270 Electoral College votes needed to secure the U.S. presidency, ending four days of nail-biting suspense since polls closed on Tuesday and sending his supporters into the streets of major cities in celebration.

"The people of this nation have spoken. They have delivered us a clear victory, a convincing victory," Biden told honking and cheering supporters in a parking lot in his hometown of Wilmington, Delaware.

The Democrat pledged that as president he would seek to unify the United States and "marshal the forces of decency" to battle the coronavirus pandemic, restore economic prosperity, secure healthcare for American families and root out systemic racism.

US-VOTE-TRUMP

Without addressing the Republican president, Biden spoke directly to the 70 million Americans who cast ballots in support of Trump, some of whom took to the streets on Saturday to demonstrate against the results.

"For all those of you who voted for President Trump, I understand the disappointment tonight. I've lost a couple times myself. But now, let's give each other a chance. It's time to put away the harsh rhetoric, lower the temperature, see each other again, listen to each other again," Biden said.

"This is the time to heal in America," Biden added.

Biden made an explicit call for cooperation between America's two major political parties as he faces political dysfunction and partisan gridlock in Washington.

"Let this grim era of demonization in America begin to end here and now. The refusal of Democrats and Republicans to cooperate with one another, it's not some mysterious force beyond our control. It's a decision, a choice we make. And if we can decide not to cooperate, then we can decide to cooperate."

Biden also thanked Black voters, saying that even at his campaign's lowest moments, the African-American community had stood up for him. "They always have my back, and I'll have yours," he said.

Biden, who has spent half a century in public life as a U.S. senator and vice president, was introduced by his running mate, U.S. Senator Kamala Harris, who will be the first woman, the first Black American and the first American of Asian descent to serve as vice president, the country's No. 2 office.

"What a testament it is to Joe's character that he had the audacity to break one of the most substantial barriers that exists in our country, and select a woman as his vice president," Harris said.

OVERSEAS REACTION

Congratulations poured in from abroad, including from conservative British Prime Minister Boris Johnson, Canadian Prime Minister Justin Trudeau, German Chancellor Angela Merkel and Israeli Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu, making it hard for Trump to push his repeated claims, without evidence, that the election was rigged against him.

Biden made clear that tackling the pandemic was top priority after he takes office on Jan. 20. Biden on Monday is due to announce a 12-member task force to develop a blueprint. It will be headed by three co-chairs: former surgeon general Vivek Murthy, former Food and Drug Administration commissioner David Kessler, and Yale University's Marcella Nunez-Smith, according to two people familiar with the matter.

More than 237,000 Americans have died of COVID-19 and coronavirus cases have spiked to record numbers in recent days. The United States on Saturday registered at least 131,420 new cases as the nation closed in on 10 million known infections since the pandemic began.

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Jubilant scenes after Biden win confirmed
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Jubilant scenes after Biden win confirmed
US Rep. Brenda Lawrence (C) hugs supporters as they celebrate the President-Elect Joe Biden and Vice President-Elect Kamala Harris at Michigan's 14th Congressional District office on November 8, 2020 in Detroit, Michigan. - One of the most prominent Republicans in the US Congress on Sunday urged Donald Trump to "fight hard" and not concede his loss to Joe Biden in the race for the White House, saying unfounded allegations of fraud by the president must be investigated. Other Republicans sought to walk a finer line, saying legal challenges must be allowed to play out."We will work with Biden if he wins, but Trump has not lost," Senator Lindsey Graham of South Carolina said on Fox News. (Photo by JEFF KOWALSKY / AFP) (Photo by JEFF KOWALSKY/AFP via Getty Images)
WASHINGTON, DC - NOVEMBER 08: A supporter of President Donald Trump (R) and a supporter of former Vice President Joe Biden (L) embrace at Black Lives Matter Plaza near the White House as others celebrate on November 8, 2020 in Washington, DC. After waiting for remaining votes to be counted in North Carolina, Pennsylvania, Georgia, and Nevada, major news networks in the Unite States projected Joe Biden the victor in the 2020 Presidential Election. Supporters of presidential candidate Joe Biden took to the streets to celebrate former Vice President Joe Biden's victory over President Donald Trump. (Photo by Samuel Corum/Getty Images)
WASHINGTON, DC - NOVEMBER 08: A supporter of President Donald Trump sits on a curb at Black Lives Matter Plaza near the White House as others celebrate on November 8, 2020 in Washington, DC. After waiting for remaining votes to be counted in North Carolina, Pennsylvania, Georgia, and Nevada, major news networks in the Unite States projected Joe Biden the victor in the 2020 Presidential Election. Supporters of presidential candidate Joe Biden took to the streets to celebrate former Vice President Joe Biden's victory over President Donald Trump. (Photo by Samuel Corum/Getty Images)
WASHINGTON, DC - NOVEMBER 08: Signs critical of President Donald Trump hang on the security fence that surrounds the White House November 08, 2020 in Washington, DC. More than 75 million ballots were cast for U.S. President-elect Joe Biden and his running mate Vice President-elect Kamala Harris, who defeated Trump in his bid to be re-elected. (Photo by Chip Somodevilla/Getty Images)
WASHINGTON, DC - NOVEMBER 08: A woman signs an 'eviction notice' for President Donald Trump hanging on the security fence that surrounds the White House November 08, 2020 in Washington, DC. More than 75 million ballots were cast for U.S. President-elect Joe Biden and his running mate Vice President-elect Kamala Harris, who defeated Trump in his bid to be re-elected. (Photo by Chip Somodevilla/Getty Images)
People smash a Donald Trump pinata as they celebrate the President-Elect Joe Biden and Vice President-Elect Kamala Harris at Michigan's 14th Congressional District office on November 8, 2020 in Detroit, Michigan. - One of the most prominent Republicans in the US Congress on Sunday urged Donald Trump to "fight hard" and not concede his loss to Joe Biden in the race for the White House, saying unfounded allegations of fraud by the president must be investigated. Other Republicans sought to walk a finer line, saying legal challenges must be allowed to play out."We will work with Biden if he wins, but Trump has not lost," Senator Lindsey Graham of South Carolina said on Fox News. (Photo by JEFF KOWALSKY / AFP) (Photo by JEFF KOWALSKY/AFP via Getty Images)
US President-elect Joe Biden delivers remarks in Wilmington, Delaware, on November 7, 2020, after being declared the winner of the US presidential election. (Photo by Andrew Harnik / POOL / AFP) (Photo by ANDREW HARNIK/POOL/AFP via Getty Images)
WASHINGTON, USA - NOVEMBER 07: US President-elect Joe Bidenâs supporters gather to celebrate the victory in front of the White House in Washington, United States on November 07, 2020. (Photo by Mostafa Bassim Adly/Anadolu Agency via Getty Images)
Thousands of New Yorkers gathered in Times Square shortly after new outlets called the presidential election for Joe Biden, Saturday, November 7, 2020. Times Square Election 2020 (Photo by John Meore/The Journal News/USA Today Network/Sipa USA)
PHOENIX, AZ - NOVEMBER 7, 2020: Trump supporters hug hours after Joe Biden was named president-elect during a pro-Trump rally to defy the election outside the Maricopa County elections building on November 7, 2020 in Phoenix, Arizona. (Gina Ferazzi / Los Angeles Times via Getty Images)
TAMPA, FL - NOVEMBER 07: Supporters of President-elect Joe Biden and Vice President-elect Kamala Harris have a party in front of the Casa Biden campaign office in the West Tampa neighborhood on November 7, 2020 in Tampa, Florida. Supporters around the country are taking to the streets to celebrate after news outlets have declared Democratic presidential nominee Joe Biden winner over President Donald Trump in the U.S. Presidential race. (Photo by Octavio Jones/Getty Images)
ATLANTA, GA - NOVEMBER 07: People celebrate Joe Biden's projected presidential win at Freedom Park on November 7, 2020 in Atlanta, Georgia. Supporters around the country are taking to the streets to celebrate after news outlets have declared Democratic presidential nominee Joe Biden winner over President Donald Trump in the U.S. Presidential race. (Photo by Elijah Nouvelage/Getty Images)
TAMPA, FL - NOVEMBER 07: Monica Narain (L) hugs her daughter Elaina while dancing along with supporters of President-elect Joe Biden and Vice President-elect Kamala Harris during a party in front of the Casa Biden campaign office in the West Tampa neighborhood on November 7, 2020 in Tampa, Florida. Supporters around the country are taking to the streets to celebrate after news outlets have declared Democratic presidential nominee Joe Biden winner over President Donald Trump in the U.S. Presidential race. (Photo by Octavio Jones/Getty Images)
WASHINGTON, USA - NOVEMBER 07: US President-elect Joe Bidenâs supporters gather to celebrate the victory around the White House in Washington, United States on November 07, 2020. (Photo by Yasin Ozturk/Anadolu Agency via Getty Images)
WASHINGTON, USA - NOVEMBER 07: US President-elect Joe Bidenâs supporters gather to celebrate the victory around the White House in Washington, United States on November 07, 2020. (Photo by Yasin Ozturk/Anadolu Agency via Getty Images)
SALEM, OR - NOVEMBER 07: A supporter of President Trump yells at a member of the media during a Stop the Steal rally on November 7, 2020 in Salem, Oregon. Angry supporters of President Trump took to the streets across the country following reporting that President-elect Joe Biden had won the election. (Photo by Nathan Howard/Getty Images)
People celebrate at Times Square in New York after Joe Biden was declared winner of the 2020 presidential election on November 7, 2020. - Democrat Joe Biden has won the White House, US media said November 7, defeating Donald Trump and ending a presidency that convulsed American politics, shocked the world and left the United States more divided than at any time in decades. (Photo by TIMOTHY A. CLARY / AFP) (Photo by TIMOTHY A. CLARY/Afp/AFP via Getty Images)
TAMPA, FL - NOVEMBER 07: Supporters of President-elect Joe Biden and Vice President-elect Kamala Harris have a party in front of the Casa Biden campaign office in the West Tampa neighborhood on November 7, 2020 in Tampa, Florida. Supporters around the country are taking to the streets to celebrate after news outlets have declared Democratic presidential nominee Joe Biden winner over President Donald Trump in the U.S. Presidential race. (Photo by Octavio Jones/Getty Images)
People celebrate at Times Square in New York after Joe Biden was declared winner of the 2020 presidential election on November 7, 2020. - Democrat Joe Biden has won the White House, US media said November 7, defeating Donald Trump and ending a presidency that convulsed American politics, shocked the world and left the United States more divided than at any time in decades. (Photo by TIMOTHY A. CLARY / AFP) (Photo by TIMOTHY A. CLARY/Afp/AFP via Getty Images)
PHOENIX, ARIZONA - NOVEMBER 07: Supporters of President Donald Trump demonstrate at a ‘Stop the Steal’ rally in front of the State Capitol on November 7, 2020 in Phoenix, Arizona. News outlets project that Joe Biden will be the 46th president of the United States after a victory in Pennsylvania with Kamala Harris to be the first woman to be elected Vice President. (Photo by Mario Tama/Getty Images)
TAMPA, FL - NOVEMBER 07: Supporters of President-elect Joe Biden and Vice President-elect Kamala Harris have a party in front of the Casa Biden campaign office in the West Tampa neighborhood on November 7, 2020 in Tampa, Florida. Supporters around the country are taking to the streets to celebrate after news outlets have declared Democratic presidential nominee Joe Biden winner over President Donald Trump in the U.S. Presidential race. (Photo by Octavio Jones/Getty Images)
SALEM, OR - NOVEMBER 07: A protester in a Guy Fawkes mask stands in front of the Oregon State Capitol building during a Stop the Steal rally on November 7, 2020 in Salem, Oregon. Angry supporters of President Trump took to the streets across the country following reporting that President-elect Joe Biden had won the election. (Photo by Nathan Howard/Getty Images)
Hundreds of Trump suppporters gather at the Idaho Statehouse in Boise, Idaho, on Saturday, Nov. 7, 2020, following the announcement that Joe Biden had won the U.S. Presidential election. (Darin Oswald/Idaho Statesman/Tribune News Service via Getty Images)
WASHINGTON, DC - NOVEMBER 07: A woman reacts to the CNN announcement that Joe Biden has been named President-Elect during the Count Every Vote Rally In Washington D.C. at McPherson Square on November 07, 2020 in Washington, DC. (Photo by Leigh Vogel/Getty Images for MoveOn)
A Trump supporter looks on outside the Pennsylvania Convention Center after Joe Biden was declared winner of the 2020 presidential election on November 7, 2020 in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. - Democrat Joe Biden has won the White House, US media said November 7, defeating Donald Trump and ending a presidency that convulsed American politics, shocked the world and left the United States more divided than at any time in decades. (Photo by Bryan R. Smith / AFP) (Photo by BRYAN R. SMITH/AFP via Getty Images)
Los Angeles residents Emma Silvers (L) and Hadley Rosenbaum bang pans as they run around the Silverlake reservoir to celebrate Joe Biden being declared the next US President. on November 7, 2020. - Democrat Joe Biden has won the White House, US media said November 7, defeating Donald Trump and ending a presidency that convulsed American politics, shocked the world and left the United States more divided than at any time in decades. (Photo by Robyn Beck / AFP) (Photo by ROBYN BECK/AFP via Getty Images)
UNITED STATES - NOVEMBER 7: Melissa Schutte celebrates Joe Biden becoming the 46th president of the United States on Black Lives Matter Plaza at 16th and H Streets, NW, after news outlets declared victory for Biden and his running mate Sen. Kamala Harris, D-Calif., on Saturday, November 7, 2020. (Photo By Tom Williams/CQ-Roll Call, Inc via Getty Images)
WILKES-BARRE, UNITED STATES - 2020/11/07: Women dance in Public Square during the celebration. A "Count Every Vote" rally in Public Square in Wilkes-Barre turned into a celebration when word broke that Joe Biden won the presidency. (Photo by Aimee Dilger/SOPA Images/LightRocket via Getty Images)
Thomas Jefferson University Hospital medical staff hold a sign as Biden supporters celebrate outside the Pennsylvania Convention Center after Joe Biden was declared winner of the 2020 presidential election on November 7, 2020 in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. - Democrat Joe Biden has won the White House, US media said November 7, defeating Donald Trump and ending a presidency that convulsed American politics, shocked the world and left the United States more divided than at any time in decades. (Photo by Bryan R. Smith / AFP) (Photo by BRYAN R. SMITH/AFP via Getty Images)
NEW YORK, NY - NOVEMBER 07: People celebrate in the streets after it was announced that Democratic nominee Joe Biden would be the next U.S. President, in Times Square on November 7, 2020 in New York City. According to several news outlets presidential nominee Joe Biden has defeated incumbent U.S. President Donald Trump to become the 46th President of the United States. (Photo by Stephanie Keith/Getty Images)
People celebrate outside the Pennsylvania Convention Center after Joe Biden was declared winner of the 2020 presidential election on November 7, 2020 in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. - Democrat Joe Biden has won the White House, US media said November 7, defeating Donald Trump and ending a presidency that convulsed American politics, shocked the world and left the United States more divided than at any time in decades. (Photo by Bryan R. Smith / AFP) (Photo by BRYAN R. SMITH/AFP via Getty Images)
Biden supporters walk past US Army National Guard troops outside City Hall after Joe Biden is declared the next President on November 7, 2020 in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. - Democrat Joe Biden has won the White House, US media said November 7, defeating Donald Trump and ending a presidency that convulsed American politics, shocked the world and left the United States more divided than at any time in decades. (Photo by Bryan R. Smith / AFP) (Photo by BRYAN R. SMITH/AFP via Getty Images)
Biden supporters celebrate outside City Hall after Joe Biden is declared the next President on November 7, 2020 in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. - Democrat Joe Biden has won the White House, US media said November 7, defeating Donald Trump and ending a presidency that convulsed American politics, shocked the world and left the United States more divided than at any time in decades. (Photo by Bryan R. Smith / AFP) (Photo by BRYAN R. SMITH/AFP via Getty Images)
NEW YORK, NY - NOVEMBER 07: People celebrate in the streets after it was announced that Democratic nominee Joe Biden would be the next U.S. President, in Times Square on November 7, 2020 in New York City. According to several news outlets presidential nominee Joe Biden has defeated incumbent U.S. President Donald Trump to become the 46th President of the United States. (Photo by Stephanie Keith/Getty Images)
Madison Buffardi (L) and Madison Little celebrate outside the Pennsylvania Convention Center after Joe Biden was declared winner of the 2020 presidential election on November 7, 2020 in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. - Democrat Joe Biden has won the White House, US media said November 7, defeating Donald Trump and ending a presidency that convulsed American politics, shocked the world and left the United States more divided than at any time in decades. (Photo by Bryan R. Smith / AFP) (Photo by BRYAN R. SMITH/AFP via Getty Images)
People celebrate on Black Lives Matter plaza across from the White House in Washington, DC on November 7, 2020, after Joe Biden was declared the winner of the 2020 presidential election. - Joyous celebrations erupted in Washington on Saturday after Joe Biden was declared winner of the US presidency, as several people poured into the streets of the US capital -- some of them chanting, cheering and singing in front of the White House. (Photo by MANDEL NGAN / AFP) (Photo by MANDEL NGAN/AFP via Getty Images)
NEW YORK, NY - NOVEMBER 07: People celebrate in the streets after it was announced that Democratic nominee Joe Biden would be the next U.S. President, in Times Square on November 7, 2020 in New York City. According to several news outlets presidential nominee Joe Biden has defeated incumbent U.S. President Donald Trump to become the 46th President of the United States. (Photo by Stephanie Keith/Getty Images)
WASHINGTON, D.C., USA - NOVEMBER 7, 2020: A man holds a sign in a street after the media announcement that Democratic Party nominee Joe Biden has won the 2020 US presidential election. CNN, NBC and AP project Democratic Party nominee Joe Biden to win the US presidential election as he has surpassed the 270 electoral votes. Yegor Aleyev/TASS (Photo by Yegor Aleyev\TASS via Getty Images)
NEW YORK, NY - NOVEMBER 07: People celebrate in the streets after it was announced that Democratic nominee Joe Biden would be the next U.S. President, in Times Square on November 7, 2020 in New York City. According to several news outlets presidential nominee Joe Biden has defeated incumbent U.S. President Donald Trump to become the 46th President of the United States. (Photo by Stephanie Keith/Getty Images)
People celebrate on Black Lives Matter plaza across from the White House in Washington, DC on November 7, 2020, after Joe Biden was declared the winner of the 2020 presidential election. - Joyous celebrations erupted in Washington on Saturday after Joe Biden was declared winner of the US presidency, as several people poured into the streets of the US capital -- some of them chanting, cheering and singing in front of the White House. (Photo by MANDEL NGAN / AFP) (Photo by MANDEL NGAN/AFP via Getty Images)
NEW YORK, NY - NOVEMBER 07: People celebrate in the streets after it was announced that Democratic nominee Joe Biden would be the next U.S. President, in Times Square on November 7, 2020 in New York City. According to several news outlets presidential nominee Joe Biden has defeated incumbent U.S. President Donald Trump to become the 46th President of the United States. (Photo by Stephanie Keith/Getty Images)
People dance on Black Lives Matter plaza across from the White House in Washington, DC on November 7, 2020, after Joe Biden was declared the winner of the 2020 presidential election. - Democrat Joe Biden has won the White House, US media said November 7, defeating Donald Trump and ending a presidency that convulsed American politics, shocked the world and left the United States more divided than at any time in decades. (Photo by MANDEL NGAN / AFP) (Photo by MANDEL NGAN/AFP via Getty Images)
People celebrate on Black Lives Matter plaza across from the White House in Washington, DC on November 7, 2020, after Joe Biden was declared the winner of the 2020 presidential election. - Joyous celebrations erupted in Washington on Saturday after Joe Biden was declared winner of the US presidency, as several people poured into the streets of the US capital -- some of them chanting, cheering and singing in front of the White House. (Photo by MANDEL NGAN / AFP) (Photo by MANDEL NGAN/AFP via Getty Images)
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Trump, who was golfing on Saturday when the major television networks projected that his rival had won, immediately accused Biden of "rushing to falsely pose as the winner."

"This election is far from over," Trump said in a statement.

He returned to the golf course in Sterling, Virginia, on Sunday, his motorcade met by a smattering of pedestrians holding Biden-Harris and Trump 2020 signs.

Trump showed no sign of concession on Sunday as he posted remarks on Twitter from commentators casting doubt on the election's integrity including, "This was a stolen election." Twitter flagged the comments, noting "this claim about election fraud is disputed," the latest instance of a social media platform flagging his posts.

Symone Sanders, a senior Biden adviser, told CNN's "State of the Union" program on Sunday that "a number of Republicans" have reached out to the president-elect but "I don't believe anyone from the White House has."

Trump's allies made it clear the president does not plan to concede anytime soon. One Trump loyalist said the president was not ready to admit defeat even though there would not be enough ballots thrown out in a recount to change the outcome. "There's a mathematical certainty that he's going to lose," the loyalist said.

Trump has filed a raft of lawsuits to challenge the results, but elections officials in states across the country have said there has been no evidence of significant fraud, and legal experts say Trump's efforts are unlikely to succeed.

Senator Mitt Romney, the 2012 Republican presidential nominee, said on "State of the Union" that he understood why Trump wants to continue fighting.

"I do believe, however, that it's destructive to the cause of democracy to suggest widespread fraud or corruption. There's just no evidence of that at this stage," Romney said.

Sanders sidestepped a question on whether Biden planned to sign a series of executive orders shortly after taking office on Jan. 20 that would reverse several contentious Trump policies.

The Washington Post reported on Sunday that Biden plans to sign orders repealing a ban on travellers from several Muslim-majority nations, rejoining an international climate accord, reversing Trump's withdrawal from the World Health Organization and buttressing a program protecting from deportation "Dreamers" immigrants brought to the United States illegally as children.

Even with the national outcome determined, vote-counting continued in some states. Biden's lead in Georgia widened to about 10,200 votes on Sunday morning, according to Edison Research. Georgia had not backed a Democratic presidential candidate since 1992.

As the news of Biden's win broke, cheers and applause were heard in big cities including Washington, where people emerged onto balconies, honked car horns and banged pots. Throngs of people streamed to the White House to rejoice outside a security fence as the sound of fireworks boomed overhead.

Trump supporters reacted with a mix of disappointment, suspicion and resignation, highlighting the difficult task that Biden faces winning over many Americans, especially in more rural areas, who believe Trump was the first president to govern with their interests at heart.

CHAOTIC PRESIDENCY

When Biden takes office, he will end Trump's chaotic four-year presidency in which he played down a deadly pandemic, imposed harsh immigration policies, launched a trade war with China, tore up international agreements and deeply divided many American families with his inflammatory rhetoric, falsehoods and willingness to abandon democratic norms.

Biden when he enters the White House will be the oldest person to assume the office, at age 78.

His victory was driven by strong support from groups including women, African Americans, white voters with college degrees and city dwellers. He beat Trump by more than four million votes in the nationwide popular vote count.

In addressing the pandemic, Biden has promised to improve access to testing and, unlike Trump, to heed the advice of leading public health officials and scientists. Biden faces a huge challenge remedying the economic hardship the public health crisis has caused. Some 10 million Americans thrown out of work during coronavirus lockdowns remain idled, and federal relief programs have expired.

Biden also has pledged to restore a sense of normalcy to the White House after a presidency in which Trump praised authoritarian foreign leaders, disdained longstanding global alliances, refused to disavow white supremacists and cast doubt on the legitimacy of the U.S. election system.

If Republicans keep control of the U.S. Senate, they would be in a position to impede large parts of Biden's legislative agenda, including expanding healthcare and fighting climate change. That prospect could depend on the outcome of four undecided Senate races, including two in Georgia that will not be resolved until runoffs in January.

Biden has vowed to reverse key parts of Trump's legacy. These include deep Trump tax cuts that especially benefited corporations and the wealthy, hardline immigration policies, efforts to dismantle the 2010 Obamacare healthcare law and Trump's abandonment of such international agreements as the Paris climate accord and Iran nuclear deal.

For Trump, 74, it was an unsettling end after an astonishing political rise. The New York real estate developer who established a nationwide brand as a reality TV personality upset Democrat Hillary Clinton to win the presidency in 2016 in his first run for elected office. Four years later, he becomes the first U.S. president to lose a re-election bid since Republican George H.W. Bush in 1992.

(Reporting by Trevor Hunicutt, Steve Holland and Jeff Mason; Additional reporting by Michael Martina in Detroit, Michigan; Mimi Dwyer in Phoenix, Arizona; Jarrett Renshaw in Philadelphia, Nathan Layne in Mifflintown, Pennsylvania, Jan Wolfe in Boston, Tim Reid in Los Angeles and Doina Chiacu, Alexandra Alper, Raphael Satter, Makini Brice, Aram Roston, Susan Cornwell and Richard Cowan in Washington; Writing by Will Dunham, Sonya Hepinstall, John Whitesides and James Oliphant; Editing by Frances Kerry and Daniel Wallis)

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