Nicola Sturgeon unveils five-level virus restrictions with ‘cautious optimism’

Nicola Sturgeon said there are grounds for "cautious optimism" in the fight against Covid-19, as she unveiled a new five-level system of restrictions for dealing with the virus.

The Scottish First Minister said the framework – which still has to be approved by Holyrood on Tuesday – "sensibly adds" to the three-tier set-up in place in England.

But unlike the English system, Scotland will have a lower level of restrictions which Ms Sturgeon described as being the "closest to normality we think we can safely get to" without a vaccine for coronavirus or more effective treatments.

There is also a level above the English Tier 3, which involves the tightest restrictions that would be closer to a full lockdown and close non-essential shops.

Schools should remain open under all tiers – which run from Level 0 to Level 4 – even under the toughest restrictions.

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Scotland feels impact of coronavirus
Graffiti that reads "Covid 19 World Tour" in Edinburgh city centre after a range of new restrictions to combat the rise in coronavirus cases came into place in Scotland. (Photo by Jane Barlow/PA Images via Getty Images)
EDINBURGH, SCOTLAND - OCTOBER 21: Members of the public are seen on Princess Street on October 21, 2020 in Edinburgh, Scotland. First Minister Nicola Sturgeon has confirmed that the Scottish Government is planning to introduce a new five -tier coronavirus lockdown system from November 2. (Photo by Jeff J Mitchell/Getty Images)
EDINBURGH, SCOTLAND - OCTOBER 21: Members of the public are seen on Cockburn Street on October 21, 2020 in Edinburgh, Scotland. First Minister Nicola Sturgeon has confirmed that the Scottish Government is planning to introduce a new five -tier coronavirus lockdown system from November 2. (Photo by Jeff J Mitchell/Getty Images)
GLASGOW, SCOTLAND - OCTOBER 17: Rangers manager Steven Gerrard during a Scottish Premiership match between Celtic and Rangers at Celtic Park, on October 17, 2020, in Glasgow, Scotland. (Photo by Craig Williamson/SNS Group via Getty Images)
CARDIFF, WALES - OCTOBER 15: A man wears a face mask as he walks past a store with a closing down sale sign in the window on October 15, 2020 in Cardiff, United Kingdom. The Welsh First Minister Mark Drakeford said that people from parts of England, Scotland and Northern Ireland with high rates of Covid-19 infection would be banned from traveling to Wales starting Friday. (Photo by Matthew Horwood/Getty Images)
Leah McCallum (left) and Rebecca Ross, S4 students at St Columba's High School, Gourock, put on their protective face masks as the requirement for secondary school pupils to wear face coverings when moving around school comes into effect from today across Scotland. (Photo by Jane Barlow/PA Images via Getty Images)
GLASGOW, SCOTLAND - AUGUST 31: Lyndsey Roberts, Strong Like a Mutha company founder teaches gym members during a fitness class on August 31, 2020 in Glasgow, Scotland. Indoor gyms and pools were closed for almost 24 weeks due to lockdown measures meant to curb the spread of Covid-19. (Photo by Jeff J Mitchell/Getty Images)
EDINBURGH, SCOTLAND - AUGUST 31: First Minister Nicola Sturgeon meets staff during a visit to the Sighthill NHS Community Treatment and Assessment Centre on August 31, 2020 in Edinburgh, Scotland. (Photo by Jane Barlow - WPA Pool/Getty Images)
A soldier from the Royal Scots Dragoon Guards collects Covid tests from people at a mobile testing facility in Stirling as Scotland continues with the gradual lifting of restrictions.. (Photo by Andrew Milligan/PA Images via Getty Images)
GLASGOW, SCOTLAND - AUGUST 26: Ground atff wipe down the crossbar during the Champions League Second Round qualifying match between Celtic and Ferencvaros at Celtic Park on August 26, 2020, in Glasgow, Scotland. (Photo by Craig Williamson/SNS Group via Getty Images)
Members of the public in the bingo hall at MECCA Bingo in Glasgow, as Scotland continues with the gradual lifting of restrictions for bowling alleys, bingo halls and casinos to ease out of lockdown. (Photo by Andrew Milligan/PA Images via Getty Images)
Sally Jeffrey visitor attraction assistant at the Wallace Monument cleans the case which houses William Wallace sword in the Hall of Arms room at the monument near Stirling as they prepare to re-open as Scotland continues with the gradual lifting of restrictions. (Photo by Andrew Milligan/PA Images via Getty Images)
GLASGOW, SCOTLAND - AUGUST 12: Pupils wear masks as they return to St Paul's High School for the first time since the start of the coronavirus lockdown nearly five months ago on August 12, 2020 in Glasgow, Scotland. Pupils will return to more of Scotland's schools today, as the fallout continues from the government’s decision to upgrade exam results. (Photo by Jeff J Mitchell/Getty Images)
Members of the public in the bingo hall at MECCA Bingo in Glasgow, as Scotland continues with the gradual lifting of restrictions for bowling alleys, bingo halls and casinos to ease out of lockdown. (Photo by Andrew Milligan/PA Images via Getty Images)
Night manager Tam Main helps prepare refreshments for the special guests at the Loch Fyne Hotel and Spa in Inveraray, Argyll and Bute, as key workers received a "sanctuary weekend". (Photo by Robert Perry/PA Images via Getty Images)
GLASGOW, SCOTLAND - AUGUST 18: NHS nurses stage a protest outside Glasgow Royal Infirmary after being left out of a public sector pay rise on August 18, 2020 in Glasgow, United Kingdom. NHS staff across Scotland are protesting today demanding an early salary increase after they were not included in the government’s above-inflation coronavirus pay rise for public sector workers because of a three-year pay deal negotiated in 2018. (Photo by Jeff J Mitchell/Getty Images)
A crew member wears a face mask on board the Paddle steamer Waverley as it departs from Glasgow for a cruise along the River Clyde as she resumes sailings following the coronavirus lockdown. (Photo by Andrew Milligan/PA Images via Getty Images)
GLASGOW - AUGUST 08: Nurses and other frontline NHS workers stage a protest Glasgow Green after being left out of a public sector pay rise on August 08, 2020 in Glasgow, United Kingdom. NHS staff across the UK are demanding an early salary increase after they were not included in the government’s above-inflation coronavirus pay rise for public sector workers because of a three-year pay deal negotiated in 2018. (Photo by Jeff J Mitchell/Getty Images)
ABERDEEN, SCOTLAND - AUGUST 05: Two woman walk past closed shops on August 5, 2020 in Aberdeen, Scotland. Scotland's First Minister Nicola Sturgeon acted swiftly and put Aberdeen back into lockdown after cases of Coronavirus in the city doubled in a day to 54. She ordered all indoor and outdoor hospitality venues to close by 5pm. (Photo by Jeff J Mitchell/Getty Images)
ABERDEEN, SCOTLAND - AUGUST 05: Kieth McKenzie wears a shielding face mask as he prepares to close the pub The Grill in Union Street on August 5, 2020 in Aberdeen, Scotland. Scotland's First Minister Nicola Sturgeon acted swiftly and put Aberdeen back into lockdown after cases of Coronavirus in the city doubled in a day to 54. She ordered all indoor and outdoor hospitality venues to close by 5pm. (Photo by Jeff J Mitchell/Getty Images)
GLASGOW, SCOTLAND - AUGUST 12: Pupils wear masks as they return to St Paul's High School for the first time since the start of the coronavirus lockdown nearly five months ago on August 12, 2020 in Glasgow, Scotland. Pupils will return to more of Scotland's schools today, as the fallout continues from the government’s decision to upgrade exam results. (Photo by Jeff J Mitchell/Getty Images)
ABERDEEN, SCOTLAND - AUGUST 01: Steven Gerrard, Manager of Rangers FC wears a face mask as he looks on from the stands during the Ladbrokes Premiership match between Aberdeen and Rangers at Pittodrie Stadium on August 01, 2020 in Aberdeen, Scotland. Football Stadiums around Europe remain empty due to the Coronavirus Pandemic as Government social distancing laws prohibit fans inside venues resulting in all fixtures being played behind closed doors. (Photo by Willie Vass/Pool via Getty Images)
PAISLEY, SCOTLAND - AUGUST 01: Livingston's Lyndon Dykes has his temperature read ahead of the Scottish Premiership match between St Mirren and Livingston at the Simple Digital Arena on August 01, 2020, in Paisley, Scotland. (Alan Harvey / SNS Group / Getty Images)
Caitlin Morrow from BE Schoolwear in Falkirk puts a school uniform on a mannequin in their store after it was announced by the Scottish Government schools will return full time in August as Scotland continues with the gradual lifting of restrictions to ease out of lockdown. (Photo by Andrew Milligan/PA Images via Getty Images)
ABERDEEN, SCOTLAND - AUGUST 05: A pedestrian walks on an empty street on August 5, 2020 in Aberdeen, Scotland. Scotland's First Minister Nicola Sturgeon acted swiftly and put Aberdeen back into lockdown after cases of Coronavirus in the city doubled in a day to 54. She ordered all indoor and outdoor hospitality venues to close by 5pm. (Photo by Jeff J Mitchell/Getty Images)
ABERDEEN, SCOTLAND - AUGUST 05: Kieth McKenzie wears a shielding face mask as he works in the pub The Grill in Union Street on August 5, 2020 in Aberdeen, Scotland. Scotland's First Minister Nicola Sturgeon acted swiftly and put Aberdeen back into lockdown after cases of Coronavirus in the city doubled in a day to 54. She ordered all indoor and outdoor hospitality venues to close by 5pm. (Photo by Jeff J Mitchell/Getty Images)
First Minister Nicola Sturgeon during a visit to Cold Town House in Edinburgh's Grassmarket, where she saw the changes in place to keep staff and customers safe in the outdoor hospitality industry, as Scotland continues with the gradual lifting of restrictions to ease out of lockdown.
A member of staff at the Apple store in Edinburgh's Princes Street takes the temperature of a customer before entering as non-essential stores across the country reopen today as part of Scotland's phased plan to ease out of the coronavirus pandemic lockdown.
Gary Gilmour wipes an entrance sign to Blair Drummond Safari Park near Stirling, Scotland, Sunday June 28, 2020, where staff are preparing to open the attraction on June 29. Animal parks are set to open along with some other businesses, as part of Scotland's phased release of the coronavirus pandemic lockdown. (Andrew Milligan/PA via AP)
A member of staff at the Apple store in Edinburgh's Princes Street takes the temperature of a customer before entering as non-essential stores across the country reopen today as part of Scotland's phased plan to ease out of the coronavirus pandemic lockdown.
Shoppers queue outside the Apple store in Edinburgh's Princes Street as non-essential stores across the country reopen today as part of Scotland's phased plan to ease out of the coronavirus pandemic lockdown.
A member of staff at the Dr Martens shop in Edinburgh's Princes Street makes preparations as non-essential stores across the country reopen today as part of Scotland's phased plan to ease out of the coronavirus pandemic lockdown.
Shoppers along Edinburgh's Princes Street as non-essential stores across the country reopen today as part of Scotland's phased plan to ease out of the coronavirus pandemic lockdown.
Shoppers along Edinburgh's Princes Street as non-essential stores across the country reopen today as part of Scotland's phased plan to ease out of the coronavirus pandemic lockdown.
Members of the public view the lion reserve at Blair Drummond Safari Park, near Stirling, which reopens today as part of Scotland's phased plan to ease out of the coronavirus lockdown.
A person in their car looks on as they make their way through the lion reserve at Blair Drummond Safari Park, near Stirling, which reopens today as part of Scotland's phased plan to ease out of the coronavirus lockdown.
Zoo keepers feed the penguins as members of the public visit Edinburgh Zoo, which reopens today as part of Scotland's phased plan to ease out of the coronavirus pandemic lockdown.
Staff direct traffic as they queue to enter Blair Drummond Safari Park, near Stirling, which reopens today as part of Scotland's phased plan to ease out of the coronavirus lockdown.
Members of staff at Primark on Princes Street in Edinburgh, welcome customers after the store reopened today as part of Scotland's phased plan to ease out of the coronavirus pandemic lockdown.
Police patrol alongside the queue outside the Primark store on Princes Street in Edinburgh, which reopens today as part of Scotland's phased plan to ease out of the coronavirus pandemic lockdown.
Scotland's First Minister, Nicola Sturgeon wears a Tartan face mask as she visits New Look at Ford Kinaird Retail Park in Edinburgh on June 26, 2020, as Scotland prepares for a further loosening of the COVID-19 lockdown, easing travel restrictions and allowing the re-opening of retailers. (Photo by Jeff J Mitchell / POOL / AFP) (Photo by JEFF J MITCHELL/POOL/AFP via Getty Images)
A meerkat next to a sign showing social distance measures at Edinburgh Zoo, as Scotland moves into the second phase of its four-step plan to ease out of lockdown. (Photo by Andrew Milligan/PA Images via Getty Images)
Embargoed:not for publication before 0001 Friday June 26th. Maintenance engineer Barry Grant tapes off an area of the dock inside Courtroom Five at Glasgow Sheriff Court as social distance measures are shown following the announcement that Scotland will move to the second phase of its four-step plan to ease out of lockdown. (Photo by Andrew Milligan/PA Images via Getty Images)
A hand-made sign alongside the A82 road in Glencoe, Highlands, as Scotland moves into the second phase of its four-step plan to ease out of lockdown. (Photo by Jane Barlow/PA Images via Getty Images)
EDINBURGH, SCOTLAND - JUNE 15: Shops in Edinburgh Princess Street, remain closed as the country enters week 13 of the coronavirus lockdown restriction on June 15, 2020 in Edinburgh, Scotland. As non-essential shop reopen in England today, the trade association has called for the Scottish government to announce a opening date for retailers north of the border. (Photo by Jeff J Mitchell/Getty Images)
Steven Butterly from Azurablu Scotland Ltd during an electrostatic disinfection clean which follows a deep clean at Ross Sales and Lettings in Glasgow. (Photo by Andrew Milligan/PA Images via Getty Images)
The outside seating area at the Fountain Cafe & Bar in Edinburgh's Princes Street Gardens remains closed during lockdown. (Photo by Jane Barlow/PA Images via Getty Images)
EDINBURGH, UNITED KINGDOM - JUNE 07: Black Lives Matter protest in Holyrood Park, despite a call by First Minister Nicola Sturgeon and others to find other forms of protest because of lockdown rules and coronavirus fears on June 7, 2020 in Edinburgh, Scotland. The death of an African-American man, George Floyd, while in the custody of Minneapolis police has sparked protests across the United States, as well as demonstrations of solidarity in many countries around the world. (Photo by Jeff J Mitchell/Getty Images)
EDINBURGH, SCOTLAND - JUNE 07: Protesters attend a Black Lives Matter demonstration against racism and police brutality, despite a call by First Minister Nicola Sturgeon and others to find other forms of protest because of lockdown rules and coronavirus fears, in Holyrood Park on June 7, 2020 in Edinburgh, United Kingdom. The death of an African-American man, George Floyd, while in the custody of Minneapolis police has sparked protests across the United States, as well as demonstrations of solidarity in many countries around the world. (Photo by Jeff J Mitchell/Getty Images)
Nurses view a painting by Glasgow artist Robert Miller of three NHS colleagues on the frontline in the fight against Covid-19. It hangs just outside the Intensive Care Unit of Glasgow Royal Infirmary. (Photo by Andrew Milligan/PA Images via Getty Images)
Protesters hold placards as they attend a demonstration in Edinburgh on June 7, 2020, organised to show solidarity with the Black Lives Matter movement in the wake of the killing of George Floyd, an unarmed black man who died after a police officer knelt on his neck in Minneapolis. - Taking a knee, banging drums and ignoring social distancing measures, outraged protesters from Sydney to London on Saturday kicked off a weekend of global rallies against racism and police brutality. (Photo by ANDY BUCHANAN / AFP) (Photo by ANDY BUCHANAN/AFP via Getty Images)
A customer service assistant at Edinburgh Waverley Station as Scotland moves into phase one of the Scottish Government's plan for gradually lifting lockdown. (Photo by Andrew Milligan/PA Images via Getty Images)
A new piece of street art by The Rebel Bear has appeared on a wall in Leith, Scotland, as Scotland is moving into phase one of the Scottish Government's plan for gradually lifting lockdown, Wednesday June 3, 2020. Scotland and Wales have developed separate procedures from England to gradually allow the lifting of lockdown restrictions because of the COVID-19 coronavirus. (Jane Barlow/PA via AP)
People walk by Portobello beach as the country moved into phase one of the Scottish Government's plan to gradually lift restrictions in place to curb coronavirus, allowing people to meet family and friends outdoors and play sports such as golf and tennis again, in Edinburgh, Scotland, Friday May 29, 2020. (Andrew Milligan/PA via AP)
(clockwise from top) Iain Tait, Kyle Storrie, Rory Armatage, Scott Rowan, Johnn Stevens, Dave Brunton and Bruce Collins, from East Lothian Council's Amenity Services stand alongside the floral display they created acknowledging the 75th anniversary of VE Day and thanking the NHS during the current Covid-19 pandemic in the Lodge Grounds at North Berwick. (Photo by Jane Barlow/PA Images via Getty Images)
A jogger passes NHS supporting art on a wall in Glasgow as Scotland moves into phase one of the Scottish Government's plan for gradually lifting lockdown. (Photo by Andrew Milligan/PA Images via Getty Images)
Olivia Harper sunbathes on the Old Course at St Andrews, in Fife as final preparations are completed to the course ahead of reopening tomorrow. On the day that First Minister Nicola Sturgeon said that people in Scotland will be able to meet one other household at a time outdoors from Friday as lockdown measures around the coronavirus pandemic ease. (Photo by Andrew Milligan/PA Images via Getty Images)
Gavin McAdam wears one of the face masks designed by his Edinburgh pop-up company Breathe Easy which is producing a range of reusable face coverings to help in the fight against coronavirus, in Edinburgh, Scotland, Wednesday May 20, 2020. (Jane Barlow/PA via AP)
Staff from Queen Elizabeth University Hospital gather as they join in the applause to salute local heroes during Thursday's nationwide Clap for Carers to recognise and support NHS workers and carers fighting the coronavirus pandemic, in Glasgow, Scotland, Thursday May 28, 2020. On Thursday evening, people across the U.K. stood on balconies, doorsteps and sidewalks to applaud care workers on the front lines of the pandemic, for the 10th and possibly final time. Annemarie Plas, 36, founded the ritual but says that “to have the most impact I think it is good to stop it at its peak.” (Andrew Milligan/PA via AP)
EDINBURGH, SCOTLAND - MAY 27: First Minister of Scotland Nicola Sturgeon looks on during the First Minister's Questions at the Scottish Parliament on May 27, 2020 in Edinburgh, Scotland. (Photo by Fraser Bremner-Pool/Getty Images)
EDINBURGH, SCOTLAND - MAY 27: Willie Rennie MSP Scottish Liberal Democrat Leader attends the First Minister's Questions at the Scottish Parliament on May 27, 2020 in Edinburgh, Scotland. (Photo by Fraser Bremner-Pool/Getty Images)
GLASGOW - MAY 27: Members of the public walk past new graffiti on Clyde Street on May 27, 2020 in Glasgow, United Kingdom. The British government continues to ease the coronavirus lockdown by announcing schools will open to reception year pupils plus years one and six from June 1st. Open-air markets and car showrooms can also open from the same date. (Photo by Jeff J Mitchell/Getty Images)
EDINBURGH, UNITED KINGDOM - MAY 20: Police speak with members of the public as they enjoy the hottest day of the year on May 20, 2020 in Edinburgh, Scotland. The British government has started easing the lockdown it imposed two months ago to curb the spread of Covid-19, abandoning its 'stay at home' slogan in favour of a message to 'be alert', but UK countries have varied in their approaches to relaxing quarantine measures. (Photo by Jeff J Mitchell/Getty Images)
A person walks past coronavirus related graffiti on a wall in Glasgow after the introduction of measures to bring the country out of lockdown. (Photo by Andrew Milligan/PA Images via Getty Images)
A pedestrian walks past a mural paying tribute to NHS staff who continue to work during the coronavirus pandemic in Glasgow on May 16, 2020, as lockdown to kurb the spread of COVID-19 continues. - Officials statistics show Britain had recorded more than 36,000 deaths in the outbreak by the start of the month, the second-worst in the world, although the government's current total -- which is a less comprehensive count -- is 34,446. The health ministry announced another 468 deaths on May 16. (Photo by Andy Buchanan / AFP) / RESTRICTED TO EDITORIAL USE - TO ILLUSTRATE THE EVENT AS SPECIFIED IN THE CAPTION (Photo by ANDY BUCHANAN/AFP via Getty Images)
GLASGOW, SCOTLAND - MAY 18: Celtic fans gather at Celtic Park following the announcement that their club has been crowned Scottish champions for the ninth season in a row and Hearts have been relegated after the SPFL ended the season on May 18, 2020 in Glasgow, Scotland. The British government has started easing the lockdown it imposed two months ago to curb the spread of Covid-19, abandoning its 'stay at home' slogan in favour of a message to 'be alert', but UK countries have varied in their approaches to relaxing quarantine measures. (Photo by Jeff J Mitchell/Getty Images)
GLASGOW, UNITED KINGDOM - MAY 15: Estonian freelance ballet dancer and choreographer, Eve Mutso performs her daily fitness routine near her home Charing Cross on May 15, 2020 in Glasgow, Scotland. The prime minister announced the general contours of a phased exit from the current lockdown, adopted nearly two months ago in an effort curb the spread of Covid-19. (Photo by Jeff J Mitchell/Getty Images)
EDINBURGH, UNITED KINGDOM - MAY 20: Police speak with members of the public as they enjoy the hottest day of the year on May 20, 2020 in Edinburgh, Scotland. The British government has started easing the lockdown it imposed two months ago to curb the spread of Covid-19, abandoning its 'stay at home' slogan in favour of a message to 'be alert', but UK countries have varied in their approaches to relaxing quarantine measures. (Photo by Jeff J Mitchell/Getty Images)
A member of the public at Glasgow Green as part of gatherings taking place this weekend across the UK against the coronavirus pandemic restrictions after the introduction of measures to bring the country out of lockdown. (Photo by Jane Barlow/PA Images via Getty Images)
Members of the public gather in Glasgow Green to protest against the coronavirus lockdown restrictions. (Photo by Jane Barlow/PA Images via Getty Images)
Becs Barker (left) chats to her neighbour Jan Brown on her doorstep in Minard, Argyll and Bute. A handful of residents in the village set up a community group to help the vulnerable with shopping with the majority of those in the village now assisting and in the process have discovered a renewed community spirit through their efforts to combat lockdown loneliness. (Photo by Jane Barlow/PA Images via Getty Images)
Police attend as members of the public gather in Glasgow Green to protest against the coronavirus lockdown restrictions. (Photo by Jane Barlow/PA Images via Getty Images)
Hannah McGee takes picture of a piece of art by the artist, known as the Rebel Bear after it appeared on a wall on Ashton Lane in Glasgow. The new addition to Glasgow's street art is capturing the global Coronavirus crisis. The piece features a nurse wearing a mask and forming a love heart with her hands as the UK continues in lockdown to help curb the spread of the coronavirus. (Photo by Andrew Milligan/PA Images via Getty Images)
A person walks past a boarded up shop in Glasgow with the wording HEROES written on it as a tribute to the NHS as the UK continues in lockdown to help curb the spread of the coronavirus. (Photo by Andrew Milligan/PA Images via Getty Images)
Mitch Wilkins is tested at a drive through testing facility for COVID-19 at Edinburgh Airport as Scotland continues in lockdown to help curb the spread of the coronavirus. (Photo by Andrew Milligan/PA Images via Getty Images)
CAMPBELTOWN, SCOTLAND - MAY 07: Members of the Campbeltown community turn out for the funeral of 52 year old Ambulance Paramedic Robert Black who passed away from coronavirus last week on May 7, 2020 in Campbeltown, Scotland. The country continued quarantine measures intended to curb the spread of Covid-19, but the infection rate is falling, and government officials are discussing the terms under which it would ease the lockdown. (Photo by Jeff J Mitchell/Getty Images)
GLASGOW, SCOTLAND - MAY 06: A member of the public walks past a sign at Charing Cross during the coronavirus lockdown on May 6, 2020 in Glasgow, Scotland. The country continues quarantine measures intended to curb the spread of Covid-19, but the infection rate is falling, and government officials are discussing the terms under which it would ease the lockdown. (Photo by Jeff J Mitchell/Getty Images)
GLASGOW, - APRIL 22: A man takes in the view of the Glenlee tall ship as the sun sets over the city during the coronavirus pandemic lockdown on April 22, 2020 in Glasgow,United Kingdom. The British government has extended the lockdown restrictions first introduced on March 23 that are meant to slow the spread of COVID-19. (Photo by Jeff J Mitchell/Getty Images)
GLASGOW, SCOTLAND - APRIL 22: Technicians carry out a sample transfer during the opening of the new Covid-19 testing lab at Queen Elizabeth University Hospital on April 22, 2020 in Glasgow, Scotland. Testing of samples has officially started this week at the Lighthouse Lab which is hosted by the University of Glasgow at its Queen Elizabeth University Hospital. The project funded by the UK Government is part of a network of diagnostic testing facilities alongside other Lighthouse Lab sites in Milton Keynes and Alderley Park, Cheshire. Experts hope the new Covid-19 facility will be able to carry out tens of thousands of tests a day. (Photo by Andrew Milligan - WPA Pool/Getty Images)
GLASGOW, SCOTLAND - APRIL 22: Volunteers at Thomas Rae tailors, work at his shop in Easterhouse shopping centre making free scrubs for NHS nurses and doctors on April 22, 2020 in Glasgow, Scotland. The British government has extended the lockdown restrictions first introduced on March 23 that are meant to slow the spread of COVID-19. (Photo by Jeff J Mitchell/Getty Images)
A thank you NHS flutters at the golfcourse in Grangemouth, Scotland, on April 21, 2020. - Oil-price turmoil gripped traders once more Tuesday, a day after US crude futures crashed below zero for the first time as the coronavirus crisis crippled global energy demand and worsened a supply glut. (Photo by ANDY BUCHANAN / AFP) (Photo by ANDY BUCHANAN/AFP via Getty Images)
Exterior cleaning contractor Malcolm Bennet from Flamingo Exterior Cleaning voluntarily disinfects aruond a bus shelter in Ayr town Centre on the west coast of Scotland on April 18, 2020 as life in Britain continues under lockdown to halt the spread of the coronavirus COVID-19 illness. - Malcolm Bennet and Robin Barclay, owners of Flamingo Exterior Cleaning, have been donating their time and materials to clean and disinfect public spaces in towns around Aryshire on the west coast of Scotland as a way of contributing to the fight against the spread of the new coronavirus amid a deadly global pandemic. (Photo by ANDY BUCHANAN / AFP) (Photo by ANDY BUCHANAN/AFP via Getty Images)
EDINBURGH, SCOTLAND - APRIL 17: Members of the public are seen out on Princess Street during the coronavirus pandemic on April 17, 2020 in Edinburgh, Scotland.The Coronavirus (COVID-19) pandemic has spread to many countries across the world, claiming over 120,000 lives and infecting over 2 million people. (Photo by Jeff J Mitchell/Getty Images)
A cyclist passes graffiti in Glasgow city centre as the UK continues in lockdown to help curb the spread of the coronavirus. (Photo by Jane Barlow/PA Images via Getty Images)
EDINBURGH, SCOTLAND - APRIL 17: Members of the public are seen out on the Royal Mile during the coronavirus pandemic on April 17, 2020 in Edinburgh, Scotland. The Coronavirus (COVID-19) pandemic has spread to many countries across the world, claiming over 120,000 lives and infecting over 2 million people. (Photo by Jeff J Mitchell/Getty Images)
EDINBURGH, SCOTLAND - APRIL 17: Members of the public walk past graffiti in the Meadows during the coronavirus pandemic on April 17, 2020 in Edinburgh, Scotland.The Coronavirus (COVID-19) pandemic has spread to many countries across the world, claiming over 120,000 lives and infecting over 2 million people. (Photo by Jeff J Mitchell/Getty Images)
Posters of rainbows, being used as a symbol of hope during hte novel coronavirus pandemic, are pictured in the windows of Castle View Care Home, operated by the HC-One group, in Dumbarton, west of Glasgow on April 21, 2020, after the news that 8 elderly residents had died after displaying symptoms of COVID-19 at the home in the last weeks. - Weekly figures published by the Office for National Statistics (ONS) showed that the number of people dying in care homes was growing. The official government toll, published daily, only counts those people who have died in hospital after being tested. (Photo by ANDY BUCHANAN / AFP) (Photo by ANDY BUCHANAN/AFP via Getty Images)
TOPSHOT - Liberal Democrat MP for North East Fife, Wendy Chamberlain (43) participates in a remote session of the House of Commons in Westminster, London, from her home in Fife, Scotland on April 21, 2020, during the nationwide lockdown to combat the novel coronavirus COVID-19 pandemic. - The British parliament returns on Tuesday from an extended Easter break, allowing lawmakers to scrutinise ministers as criticism grows of government handling of the coronavirus crisis and deaths outside hospitals increase. (Photo by ANDY BUCHANAN / AFP) (Photo by ANDY BUCHANAN/AFP via Getty Images)
The Kelpies in Falkirk which will be lit by blue light for the remaining period of the COVID-19 crisis as a tribute to NHS and social care workers. (Photo by Andrew Milligan/PA Images via Getty Images)
GLASGOW, SCOTLAND - APRIL 07: A general view of the interior of the new temporary NHS Louisa Jordan Hospital at the SEC event centre on April 07, 2020 in Glasgow, Scotland. There have been around 50,000 reported cases of the COVID-19 coronavirus in the United Kingdom and 5,000 deaths. The country is in its third week of lockdown measures aimed at slowing the spread of the virus. (Photo by Ian Rutherford - WPA Pool/ Getty Images)
Cyclists ride bikes as they pass a giant logo of Britain's National Health Service (NHS), placed in the windows of a closed-down pub in appreciation of the NHS's frontline medical staff working to save patients with COVID-19, in Glasgow on April 8, 2020, as life in Britain continues during the nationwide lockdown to combat the novel coronavirus pandemic. - Britain's Prime Minister Boris Johnson began a third day in intensive care on April 8 battling the coronavirus, which has struck at the heart of the British government, infected more than 55,000 people across the country and killed nearly 6,200. (Photo by ANDY BUCHANAN / AFP) (Photo by ANDY BUCHANAN/AFP via Getty Images)
GLASGOW, SCOTLAND - APRIL 02: Finlay MacDonald and his sons Elliott, ten, and Fionn, eight, play Scotland the Brave on the bagpipes outside their home in Clarkston on April 02, 2020 in Glasgow, United Kingdom. Bagpipers across Scotland have been encouraged to play "Scotland the Brave" to thank the key workers who continue with their work amid the Coronavirus outbreak. The Coronavirus (COVID-19) pandemic has spread to many countries across the world, claiming over 40,000 lives and infecting hundreds of thousands more. (Photo by Jeff J Mitchell/Getty Images)
A post van travels along a deserted main street in Callander, Perthshire as the UK continues in lockdown to help curb the spread of the coronavirus. (Photo by Andrew Milligan/PA Images via Getty Images)
OBAN, SCOTLAND - APRIL 02: Caledonian MacBrayne ferries are moored in Oban harbour during the Coronavirus crisis on April 2, 2020 in Oban, Scotland. The Coronavirus (COVID-19) pandemic has spread to many countries across the world, claiming over 40,000 lives and infecting hundreds of thousands more. (Photo by Jeff J Mitchell/Getty Images)
INVERARY, SCOTLAND - APRIL 02: An empty view of Main Street West as lockdown continues during the coronavirus outbreak on April 2, 2020 in Inveraray, Scotland. The Coronavirus (COVID-19) pandemic has spread to many countries across the world, claiming over 40,000 lives and infecting nearly a million people. (Photo by Jeff J Mitchell/Getty Images)
GLASGOW, SCOTLAND - APRIL 01: A man sits alone in George Square during the Coronavirus crisis on April 1, 2020 in Glasgow, Scotland. The Coronavirus (COVID-19) pandemic has spread to many countries across the world, claiming over 40,000 lives and infecting hundreds of thousands more. (Photo by Jeff J Mitchell/Getty Images)
A person in a dinosaur costume runs along the main street in Callander, Perthshire as the UK continues in lockdown to help curb the spread of the coronavirus. (Photo by Andrew Milligan/PA Images via Getty Images)
Military personnel walk past The SSE Hydro in Glasgow is lit up in blue in a gesture of thanks to the hardworking NHS staff who are trying to battle coronavirus. A national salute for the frontline healthcare heroes is taking place across the UK with a mass round of applause from doorsteps, windows and balconies on Thursday at 8pm. (Photo by Andrew Milligan/PA Images via Getty Images)
GLASGOW, SCOTLAND - MARCH 31: Two men make their way past boarded up pub on Queen Street during the Coronavirus crisis on March 31, 2020 in Glasgow, Scotland. The Coronavirus (COVID-19) pandemic has spread to many countries across the world, claiming over 30,000 lives and infecting hundreds of thousands more. (Photo by Jeff J Mitchell/Getty Images)
GLASGOW, SCOTLAND - MARCH 31: Members of the public walk past a sign asking people to stay at home during the Coronavirus crisis on March 31, 2020 in Glasgow, Scotland. The Coronavirus (COVID-19) pandemic has spread to many countries across the world, claiming over 30,000 lives and infecting hundreds of thousands more. (Photo by Jeff J Mitchell/Getty Images)
Tape marks out where to stand to observe 'social distancing' guidelines at ticket machines at London Bridge station in the borough of Southwark, which has among the highest number of covid-19 coronavirus cases anywhere in the UK, in London, England, on March 30, 2020. Official figures report that Southwark currently has 368 cases of covid-19, the highest in London and fifth highest in the UK as a whole, behind Sheffield (428), Glasgow (449), Hampshire (498) and Birmingham (578). The neighbouring London borough of Lambeth is similarly hard-hit, with 366 cases, sixth-highest in the UK. Britain meanwhile began its second week of lockdown today, with the measures set to be reviewed after an initial three-week period, though an extension is widely expected. Across the country a further 2,618 new cases were confirmed today, a slight rise after two days of falls, with a total of 1,408 people having so far died in the UK after testing positive for the virus. (Photo by David Cliff/NurPhoto via Getty Images)
A woman waits to cross a near-deserted Walworth Road in the borough of Southwark, which has among the highest number of covid-19 coronavirus cases anywhere in the UK, in London, England, on March 30, 2020. Official figures report that Southwark currently has 368 cases of covid-19, the highest in London and fifth highest in the UK as a whole, behind Sheffield (428), Glasgow (449), Hampshire (498) and Birmingham (578). The neighbouring London borough of Lambeth is similarly hard-hit, with 366 cases, sixth-highest in the UK. Britain meanwhile began its second week of lockdown today, with the measures set to be reviewed after an initial three-week period, though an extension is widely expected. Across the country a further 2,618 new cases were confirmed today, a slight rise after two days of falls, with a total of 1,408 people having so far died in the UK after testing positive for the virus. (Photo by David Cliff/NurPhoto via Getty Images)
NORTH QUENSFERRY, FIFE - MARCH 30: A ScotRail train passes over the Forth Bridge as the cruise ship Balmoral passes under, following further cutbacks on services by the rail operator as a consequence of the coronavirus pandemic, on March 30, 2020 in North Queensferry, Fife. ScotRail had already reduced services last week, but is cutting more daytime services and concentrating on providing services more tailored to the needs of key workers whose travel is essential. (Photo by Ken Jack/Getty Images)
GLASGOW, SCOTLAND - MARCH 31: Workmen are seen at Glasgow's SECC which is going to be turned into a field hospital to treat victims of Coronavirus on March 31, 2020 in Glasgow, Scotland. The Coronavirus (COVID-19) pandemic has spread to many countries across the world, claiming over 30,000 lives and infecting hundreds of thousands more. (Photo by Jeff J Mitchell/Getty Images)
A motorist wearing a face mask drives through the streets of Glasgow as the UK continues in lockdown to help curb the spread of the coronavirus. (Photo by Andrew Milligan/PA Images via Getty Images)
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Ms Sturgeon outlined the plans at her daily coronavirus briefing, where she revealed 18 deaths and 1,401 positive cases have been recorded in the past 24 hours.

Although cases are still rising, she said: "The rate of increase appears to be slowing down and that does give us grounds for optimism, albeit it is still at this stage cautious optimism."

The First Minister promised businesses in Scotland will get the same level of support as firms south of the border if they have to shut or are significantly affected by the restrictions.

But she warned that with the Scottish Government's finite budget, the money for business support will eventually run out unless the Chancellor provides more funding or additional borrowing powers.

Speaking about support for businesses, Ms Sturgeon was frank: "The money the Scottish Government has to pay for these grants will eventually run out.

"When exactly that will happen of course will depend on demand, but it will happen. It is not possible to fund indefinitely demand led commitments out of a finite budget with no powers to borrow."

Meanwhile, discussions will take place with local authority leaders, public health chiefs and others before an announcement sometime next week on which level of restrictions will be imposed on each of Scotland's 32 local authorities.

These will then be reviewed on a weekly basis.

Ms Sturgeon said the multi-level system still enables a nationwide approach to be taken "if required", saying it is "possible at some point that the whole country could be placed in the same level".

But she added different levels mean "we don't have to take a one-size-fits-all approach if that is not warranted", so restrictions can be suited to each area's level of infection.

The new system is expected to begin on Monday November 2, with temporary restrictions which have closed pubs and restaurants across central Scotland being in place until then.

Ms Sturgeon said: "We do not envisage returning to a situation as severe as the first lockdown imposed back in late March.

"We are not back at square one, we have made progress in tackling the virus and we have more tools at our disposal to help control it."

But she said the sharp increase in Covid-19 cases over the last month means hospital admissions, those in intensive care and the number of deaths are "likely to continue to rise for some time yet".

Responding to the new five-level framework, Scottish Conservative leader Douglas Ross said: "As this new tiered system comes into force, decisions need to be communicated without confusion and there needs to be a change of approach from the SNP if we're going to protect Scottish jobs.

"Businesses must be consulted, crippling decisions can't be forced on them at the last minute, and support must be available from the minute restrictions come into force."

Scottish Labour leader Richard Leonard said people need to know "how long they can expect to be under these restrictions".

He added: "With the potential for different areas of the country to be under different regulations, there exists a real danger of confusion among the public, putting health at risk."

Scottish Liberal Democrat leader Willie Rennie said there are "so many questions that need to be answered".

He stressed: "This plan must offer people clarity on how their area can move between tiers. The public needs certainty that their sacrifices will make a difference and hope that if they comply their freedoms will be returned."

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