Anne awarded military promotions to mark 70th birthday

The Princess Royal has been awarded Army and RAF promotions in recognition of her "invaluable contribution and commitment to the military", the Ministry of Defence (MoD) has said.

Anne, who celebrates her 70th birthday on Saturday, is now a General in the British Army and an Air Chief Marshal in the Royal Air Force.

Senior members of the royal family receive promotions to mark milestone birthdays and the Queen has approved the move.

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File photo dated 12/12/92 of Commander Tim Laurence and the Princess Royal after their marriage. Anne celebrates her 70th birthday on Saturday.
Not for use after Friday September 4, 2020, without prior approval from Royal Communications and Camera Press. Mandatory credit: John Swannell / Camera Press One of three official photographs taken by John Swannell of The Princess Royal which have been released to celebrate her 70th birthday on Saturday.
Not for use after Friday September 4, 2020, without prior approval from Royal Communications and Camera Press. Mandatory credit: John Swannell / Camera Press One of three official photographs taken by John Swannell of The Princess Royal which have been released to celebrate her 70th birthday on Saturday.
Not for use after Friday September 4, 2020, without prior approval from Royal Communications and Camera Press. Mandatory credit: John Swannell / Camera Press One of three official photographs taken by John Swannell of The Princess Royal which have been released to celebrate her 70th birthday on Saturday.
File phoot dated 14/11/73 of the Princess Royal and captain Mark Phillips on the balcony of Buckingham Palace on their wedding day. Anne celebrates her 70th birthday on Saturday.
File photo dated 28/04/58 of the Princess Royal and the Prince of Wales meeting David Attenborough and Cocky, the cockatoo brought back from his last Zoo Quest expedition, at the BBC Television Studios in Lime Grove, London. Anne celebrates her 70th birthday on Saturday.
File photo dated 22/12/58 of the Princess Royal and the Prince of Wales arriving at London Liverpool Street to take the train to Sandringham. Anne celebrates her 70th birthday on Saturday.
File photo dated 14/04/54 of the Queen Mother watching as the Prince of Wales and the Princess Royal greet Admiral Superintendent of Portsmouth Dockyard, Rear-Admiral A.G.V Hubback, before they went aboard the new royal yacht Britannia. Anne celebrates her 70th birthday on Saturday.
File photo dated 01/09/79 of Queen Elizabeth II with the Duke of Edinburgh and their children the Earl of Wessex, the Prince of Wales, the Princess Royal and the Duke of York, at Balmoral. Anne celebrates her 70th birthday on Saturday.
File photo dated 22/12/77 of Queen Elizabeth II with the Princess Royal, and her son Peter Phillips, at Buckingham Palace, after his christening. Anne celebrates her 70th birthday on Saturday.
File photo dated 04/08/90 of (left to right) the Duke of Edinburgh, Peter Phillips, Viscount David Linley, the Princess Royal, Lady Sarah Armstrong-Jones, Queen Elizabeth II, the Earl of Wessex, Diana, Princess of Wales, the Queen Mother, the Prince of Wales and Princess Margaret, as they gathered for the Queen Mother's 90th birthday at Clarence House. Anne celebrates her 70th birthday on Saturday.
File photo dated 30/05/73 of the Princess Royal and her fiance Captain Mark Phillips after the announcement of their engagement. Anne celebrates her 70th birthday on Saturday.
File photo dated 21/04/65 of Queen Elizabeth II holding the Earl of Wessex as a baby with (left to right) the Duke of York, the Princess Royal, the Prince of Wales and the Duke of Edinburgh. Anne celebrates her 70th birthday on Saturday.
File photo dated 14/06/80 of Queen Elizabeth II pointing out a flypast for her official birthday to Peter Phillips and the Earl of Ulster, as the Princess Royal looks on. Anne celebrates her 70th birthday on Saturday.
File photo dated 02/09/71 of the Princess Royal tipping her top hat after competing in the dressage at the European Horse Trial in Burghley, Lincolnshire. Anne celebrates her 70th birthday on Saturday.
File photo dated 14/11/73 of the Princess Royal and Captain Mark Phillips leaving after their wedding ceremony at London's Westminster Abbey. Anne celebrates her 70th birthday on Saturday.
File photo dated 12/06/99 of the Princess Royal, Colonel The Blues and Royals, on horseback during the Trooping The Colour in London. Anne celebrates her 70th birthday on Saturday.
File photo dated 17/06/00 of the Prince of Wales and the Princess Royal on the balcony of Buckingham Palace, London, after the Trooping the Colour ceremony held at Horse Guards Parade. Anne celebrates her 70th birthday on Saturday.
File photo dated 13/07/76 of the Princess Royal in her team uniform at Heathrow Airport when she flew off to the Montreal Olympic Games with the rest of the squad. Anne celebrates her 70th birthday on Saturday.
File photo dated 03/03/69 of the Princess Royal with (background) Sir Arthur Bliss, Master of the Queen's Musick (sic), at the Henry Wood centenary concert at the Royal Albert Hall, London. Anne celebrates her 70th birthday on Saturday.
File photo dated 09/12/64 of the Princess Royal, with her injured hand in a sling, leaving the Beaumont Housing Nursing Home in Beaumont Street, London. She cracked the little finger of the right hand when she caught it in the rein while riding. Anne celebrates her 70th birthday on Saturday.
File photo dated 14/04/73 of the Princess Royal, up on Goodwill, taking the water-jump during the cross-country event of the Badminton Horse Trials. Anne celebrates her 70th birthday on Saturday.
File photo dated 10/03/76 of Queen Elizabeth II greeting Sir Charles Chaplin, when she was officially opening the International Centre of the British Academy of Film and Television Arts, in Piccadilly, London. vice-president sir Richard Attenborough and Lady Chaplin look on. Anne celebrates her 70th birthday on Saturday.
File photo dated 01/04/02 of Queen Elizabeth Ii and her daughter, the Princess Royal, riding near Windsor Castle. Anne celebrates her 70th birthday on Saturday.
File photo dated 23/10/73 of the Princess Royal and her fiance Captain Mark Phillips, in the Concorde 002. Anne celebrates her 70th birthday on Saturday.
File photo dated 02/06/53 of Queen Elizabeth II, the Prince of Wales, the Princess Royal and the Duke of Edinburgh after the Queen's coronation. Anne celebrates her 70th birthday on Saturday.
File photo dated 16/01/68 of the Princess Royal walking through the barriers of Liverpool Street Station, London, on her return from Sandringham. Anne celebrates her 70th birthday on Saturday.
File photo dated 17/06/03 of Zara Phillips with her mother, the Princess Royal, in the winner's enclosure at Royal Ascot. Anne celebrates her 70th birthday on Saturday.
File photo dated 02/08/03 of the Princess Royal with former husband Mark Phillips (left) and husband Tim Laurence during the presenation ceremony of the Doubleprint Festival of British Eventing at Gatcombe Park near Minchinhampton, Gloucestershire. Anne celebrates her 70th birthday on Saturday.
File photo dated 21/04/68 of the Royal Family in the gardens at Frogmore, Windsor, including (left to right) the Duke of Edinburgh, the Princess Royal, the Earl of Wessex as a toddler, Queen Elizabeth II, the Prince of Wales and the Duke of York. Anne celebrates her 70th birthday on Saturday.
File photo dated 07/09/03 of the Princess Royal appearing pleased after her daughter Zara Phillips finished in second place on Toytown at the Burghley Horse Trials, Stamford, Lincolnshire. Anne celebrates her 70th birthday on Saturday.
File photo dated 02/12/03 of Anthony Worrall Thompson meeting the Princess Royal during the 'A Festival of Trees'. Anne celebrates her 70th birthday on Saturday.
File photo dated 26/05/84 of the Princess Royal dressed for the rainy weather. Anne celebrates her 70th birthday on Saturday.
File photo dated 11/09/03 of the Princess Royal laying a single rose at the memorial garden in Grosvenor Square, London, dedicated to the memory of those who died when two hijacked passenger jets that crashed into the twin towers of New York's World Trade Center. Anne celebrates her 70th birthday on Saturday.
File photo dated 17/06/04 of the Princess Royal with the Duchess of Gloucester (right) arriving for Ladies Day at Royal Ascot in Berkshire. Anne celebrates her 70th birthday on Saturday.
File photo dated 18/03/04 of the Princess Royal (right) with her children Zara and Peter Phillips at Cheltenham Race Course. Anne celebrates her 70th birthday on Saturday.
File photo dated 31/05/05 of the Princess Royal out fox hunting with the Duke of Beaufort's hounds. Anne celebrates her 70th birthday on Saturday.
File photo dated 21/10/50 of Queen Elizabeth II, then Princess Elizabeth, with the Princess Royal as a baby. Anne celebrates her 70th birthday on Saturday.
File photo dated 04/07/05 of the Princess Royal attending a news conference as part of London's 2012 bid for the Olympic Games in Singapore. Anne celebrates her 70th birthday on Saturday.
File photo dated 10/02/07 of the Princess Royal, patron of the Scottish Rugby Union, watching Scotland play Wales in the RBS Six Nations Championship 2007 at Murrayfield Stadium in Edinburgh. Anne celebrates her 70th birthday on Saturday.
File photo dated 21/10/50 of King George VI greeting his granddaughter, the Princess Royal, as a baby, as Queen Elizabeth II, then Princess Elizabeth, and Princess Margaret look on. Anne celebrates her 70th birthday on Saturday.
File photo dated 17/04/82 of the Princess Royal falling from "Stevie B" at the Badminton Horse Trials. Anne celebrates her 70th birthday on Saturday.
File photo dated 08/09/60 of Queen Elizabeth the II and the Princess Royal pushing the pram of the Duke of York during a walk in the grounds at Balmoral. Anne celebrates her 70th birthday on Saturday.
File photo dated 09/01/51 of the Duke of Edinburgh and Queen Elizabeth II, then Princess Elizabeth, in the private sitting room of Clarence House, with their children the Prince of Wales and the Princess Royal. Anne celebrates her 70th birthday on Saturday.
File phoo dated 22/04/54 of the Princess Royal and the Prince of Wales sitting among the daffodils in the grounds of the Royal Lodge, Windsor, Berkshire. Anne celebrates her 70th birthday on Saturday.
File photo dated 20/08/55 of the Queen Mother, the Princess Royal, Queen Elizabeth II and Princess Margaret, at the Abergeldy sale of work, organised by the Queen Mother. Anne celebrates her 70th birthday on Saturday.
File photo dated 03/08/08 of the Princess Royal at the Festival of British Eventing at Gatcombe Park, the Gloucestershire home of the princess. Anne celebrates her 70th birthday on Saturday.
File photo dated 08/09/60 of the Prince of Wales and the Princess Royal pushing round the Duke of York in a pram on the grounds of Balmoral. Anne celebrates her 70th birthday on Saturday.
File photo dated 05/05/08 of the Princess Royal presenting the Duke of Sussex with his campaign medal. Anne celebrates her 70th birthday on Saturday.
File photo dated 03/08/08 of Zara Phillips scratching her face as she speaks with her mother, the Princess Royal, during The Festival of British Eventing at Gatcombe Park, the Gloucestershire home of the Princess Royal. Anne celebrates her 70th birthday on Saturday.
File photo dated 21/03/09 of the Princess Royal before she presented Iraq medals to members of the 7 Armoured Brigade at Twickenham Stadium in London before the start of the England v Scotland Six Nations match. Anne celebrates her 70th birthday on Saturday.
File photo dated 03/04/70 of Queen Elizabeth II with the Princess Royal and the Prince of Wales as they passed through the crowds at the Royal Easter Show in Sydney during the Royal Tour of Australasia. Anne celebrates her 70th birthday on Saturday.
File photo dated 09/07/14 of the Princess Royal smiles as she arrives at the Great Yorkshire Show, Harrogate, North Yorkshire. Anne celebrates her 70th birthday on Saturday.
File photo dated 15/06/15 of the Princess Royal attending a Magna Carta 800th Anniversary Commemoration Event at the Magna Carta memorial in Runnymede, near Egham, Surrey. Anne celebrates her 70th birthday on Saturday.
File photo dated 01/09/18 of Queen Elizabeth II and the Princess Royal during the Braemar Royal Highland Gathering at the Princess Royal and Duke of Fife Memorial Park, Braemar. Anne celebrates her 70th birthday on Saturday.
File photo dated 18/05/19 of the Princess Royal attending a Freedom of Entry parade for the Household Cavalry in Windsor, Berkshire. Anne celebrates her 70th birthday on Saturday.
File photo dated 11/03/20 of the Princess Royal and Zara Tindall during the RSA Insurance Novices' Chase during day two of the Cheltenham Festival at Cheltenham Racecourse. Anne celebrates her 70th birthday on Saturday.
File photo dated 14/01/20 of the Princess Royal takes her seat, having received an honorary degree from her sister-in-law, The Duchess of Cornwall at the University of Aberdeen. Anne celebrates her 70th birthday on Saturday.
EMBARGOED TO 0001 WEDNESDAY JULY 29 File photo dated 15/09/57 of Queen Elizabeth II and Princess Anne looking on as Prince Charles strokes an Ayrshire calf on the Balmoral Castle estate, Scotland. The Princess Royal guest edited the magazine to mark her 70th birthday, turning her attention to how best to protect the future of the countryside.
File photo dated 01/09/72 of Queen Elizabeth II and the Duke of Edinburgh at Balmoral to celebrate their Silver Wedding anniversary. The Princess Royal guest edited the magazine to mark her 70th birthday, turning her attention to how best to protect the future of the countryside.
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Before the appointments Anne's rank within the Army and RAF was linked to her existing roles as Colonel-in-Chief and Colonel of a number of regiments and Honorary Air Commodore of RAF Brize Norton.

The promotions bring her rank in the two services into line with her existing rank of Admiral in the Royal Navy.

Three official photographs of Anne have also been released to celebrate her seven decades – taken by celebrated photographer John Swannell.

The MoD said: "Her Royal Highness has been hugely supportive of the Armed Forces and undertaken a vast amount of work for the services over many years.

Anne is an Admiral in the Royal Navy. Anthony Devlin/PA Wire
Anne is an Admiral in the Royal Navy. Anthony Devlin/PA Wire

"This promotion on her 70th birthday recognises her invaluable contribution and commitment to the military.

"This includes long-term links with the Royal Navy, initially through the Women's Royal Naval Service and her promotion to Admiral Chief Commandant in 2012.

"More recently, she visited the Royal Logistic Corps in Northern Ireland and paid tribute to the Royal Corps of Signals to mark their 100th birthday in June."

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