Local Covid-19 data needed quickly to target outbreaks – doctors
Giving local authorities accurate and up-to-date data on spikes in coronavirus cases could help save lives, leading doctors have said.
The British Medical Association (BMA) implored the Government to ensure that local leaders were given timely information about cases in their area to help contain the spread of the virus.
It comes after ministers faced criticism for the handling of the surge of cases in Leicester.
The BMA urged the Government to share "timely, comprehensive and reliable" information to all those involved in the management of new cases at a local level.
It also called for clarity about how regional spikes will be managed in the future.
Dr Chaand Nagpaul, chairman of the BMA Council, said: "The Prime Minister has talked about a 'whack a mole' strategy to tackle local outbreaks, but this is no use if the people leading the response on the ground – be they public health teams or local leaders – are not given the most accurate up-to-date data possible.
"This is crucial to allow swift action and to protect lives and the health service, and something that is not happening right now.
"This is all the more important given that the 'world leading' test and trace app is not in place, meaning local leaders and teams armed with up-to-date information will be vital in containing spread of outbreaks."
Ahead of further lockdown restrictions being eased at the weekend, the BMA made a series of demands from the Government.
These include the use of set "metric trigger points" at which action will be taken to reintroduce local and national restrictions, which would take into consideration the regional reproductive rate – known as the R rate – as well as the level of infections in communities.
It also stressed the importance of clear public health messaging that social distancing and infection control procedures should be adhered to.
Meanwhile, leading health academic Professor Sir Chris Ham urged the Government to give local leaders control over NHS Test and Trace.
In an opinion piece published in The British Medical Journal, Sir Chris wrote: "A crisis on the scale of the Covid-19 pandemic requires a national response. But in a country as large and diverse as the United Kingdom, where the impact of the virus varies between areas, a national response is insufficient.
"Local leadership is also essential, drawing on the expertise of devolved governments in Northern Ireland, Scotland and Wales, local authorities, NHS bodies, and many other public sector agencies.
"A major weakness in the Government's handling of the crisis has been its failure to recognise and value local expertise."
He said that the people who have been in contact with those confirmed to have the virus have been contacted by regional teams of Public Health England and local health protection teams.
This raises "serious questions about the value for money" of the national telephone based service, he said.
"In the case of contact tracing, most of the work is now being done by regional teams in Public Health England and local health protection teams led by directors of public health employed by local authorities," Sir Chris wrote.
"Recent statistics show that in its first three weeks of operation, NHS Test and Trace reached around 113,925 people who were in contact with those who tested positive, of whom around 90 per cent were traced by Public Health England and local health protection teams.
"The remainder—amounting to just 12,247 people—were reached by the national telephone-based service run by Serco and Sitel, which employs around 25,000 staff. This raises serious questions about value for money in the use of public resources in a contract reported to be worth up to £108 million.
"In my view, bringing these staff under the control of local authorities is overdue."
Sir Chris, former chief executive of the King's Fund health think tank, concluded: "Local leaders, including devolved governments and elected mayors, are much better placed than the Westminster government to engage their communities in limiting and responding to future outbreaks.
"To do so effectively, these leaders must be given control of test and trace to rectify the flaws in the Government's ill judged design."