How racist is the UK compared to other European countries?

 A protester holds a placard that says Racism Is A Pandemic Too during the demonstration. Several protest have been sparked by the recent killing of George Floyd, a black man who died in police custody in Minneapolis, U.S.A. (Photo by Andy Barton / SOPA Images/Sipa USA)

Anti-racism demonstrations have been held across the world in the wake of the death of George Floyd.

Protesters marching under the banner of Black Lives Matter have been taking to the streets in the wake of the 46-year-old's death.

Floyd died after a white Minneapolis police officer kneeled on his neck to pin him to the ground as he pleaded for air.

Protesters say that racism is not confined to the US and a survey released in November by the EU showed nearly one in three people of African descent in 12 member states had experienced racist harassment in the last five years.

The UK was still a part of the EU at the time and was therefore counted as a member state by the body behind the survey, the EU Agency for Fundamental Rights.

The survey, Being Black in the EU, found 21% of people of African descent in the UK reported racial harassment in the last five years, the second lowest in the dataset.

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Black Lives Matter: Global protests against racism
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Black Lives Matter: Global protests against racism
Demonstrators wearing face masks hold up their fists during a 8min 43 seconds sit in on the High Street. The Rhodes Must Fall campaign was reignited from a 2016 campaign following recent Black Lives Matter demonstrations after the demise of George Floyd under police custody in Mineapolis. Despite the Covid19 lockdown, protesters globally have united to demand change. (Photo by David Mbiyu / SOPA Images/Sipa USA)
Demonstrators march from Marine Park to Count Basie Park during the Red Bank Community and Count the Children "Say Their Names" Protest/Rally and Celebration of Life for "George Floyd" in Red Bank, NJ Tuesday, June 9, 2020. Rb20 (Photo by Tanya Breen/USA Today Network/Sipa USA)
Protesters hold Rhodes Must Fall placards during the demonstration. The Rhodes Must Fall campaign was reignited from a 2016 campaign following recent Black Lives Matter demonstrations after the demise of George Floyd under police custody in Mineapolis. Despite the Covid19 lockdown, protesters globally have united to demand change. (Photo by David Mbiyu / SOPA Images/Sipa USA)
Protesters march from North 124th Street and West North Avenue to the Wauwatosa Police Department in Wauwatosa, WI to draw attention to racial injustice and police brutality Tuesday. Protest Tue09 02 Wood Protests are happening around the country and the world against racism and police brutality and in favor of the Black Lives Matter Movement after the death of George Floyd while in police custody in Minneapolis. (Photo by Rick Wood / Milwaukee Journal Sentinel/USA Today Network/Sipa USA)
Hundreds of people march against police brutality under slogan Black Lives Matter through Brooklyn Bridge in New York on June 9, 2020. People showed up for protest in support for justice for black Americans. Protests around USA were sparked by death of George Floyd by police. (Photo by Lev Radin/Sipa USA)
Protesters march against police brutality in downtown Phoenix, AZ on June 9, 2020. Phoenix Protest Protests are happening around the country and the world against racism and police brutality and in favor of the Black Lives Matter Movement after the death of George Floyd while in police custody in Minneapolis. (Photo by Michael Chow/The Republic/USA Today Network/Sipa USA)
Protestors march along Newman Springs Road towards Count Basie Field in Red Bank, NJ Tuesday, June 9, 2020. They gathered to remember the death of George Floyd while in the custody of Minneapolis police officer. (Photo by Thomas P. Costello & Mike Davis/USA Today Network/Sipa USA)
Protesters raise their fists as they hold a moment of silence during a protest over the death of George Floyd, at Paramus High School, N.J. on 06/09/20 Paramus Protest Protests are happening around the country and the world against racism and police brutality and in favor of the Black Lives Matter Movement after the death of George Floyd while in police custody in Minneapolis. (Photo by Mitsu Yasukawa/ Northjersey.com/USA Today Network/Sipa USA)
Mounted police officers charge their horses along Whitehall, past the entrance to Downing Street, in an attempt to disperse protestors gathered in central London on June 6, 2020, during a demonstration to show solidarity with the Black Lives Matter movement in the wake of the killing of George Floyd, an unarmed black man who died after a police officer knelt on his neck in Minneapolis. - The United States braced Friday for massive weekend protests against racism and police brutality, as outrage soared over the latest law enforcement abuses against demonstrators that were caught on camera. With protests over last week's police killing of George Floyd, an unarmed black man, surging into a second weekend, President Donald Trump sparked fresh controversy by saying it was a "great day" for Floyd. (Photo by DANIEL LEAL-OLIVAS / AFP) (Photo by DANIEL LEAL-OLIVAS/AFP via Getty Images)
A mounted police officer lays on the road after being unseated from their horse, during a demonstration on Whitehall, near the entrance to Downing Street in central London on June 6, 2020, to show solidarity with the Black Lives Matter movement in the wake of the killing of George Floyd, an unarmed black man who died after a police officer knelt on his neck in Minneapolis. - The United States braced Friday for massive weekend protests against racism and police brutality, as outrage soared over the latest law enforcement abuses against demonstrators that were caught on camera. With protests over last week's police killing of George Floyd, an unarmed black man, surging into a second weekend, President Donald Trump sparked fresh controversy by saying it was a "great day" for Floyd. (Photo by DANIEL LEAL-OLIVAS / AFP) (Photo by DANIEL LEAL-OLIVAS/AFP via Getty Images)
A mounted police officer lays on the road after being unseated from their horse, during a demonstration on Whitehall, near the entrance to Downing Street in central London on June 6, 2020, to show solidarity with the Black Lives Matter movement in the wake of the killing of George Floyd, an unarmed black man who died after a police officer knelt on his neck in Minneapolis. - The United States braced Friday for massive weekend protests against racism and police brutality, as outrage soared over the latest law enforcement abuses against demonstrators that were caught on camera. With protests over last week's police killing of George Floyd, an unarmed black man, surging into a second weekend, President Donald Trump sparked fresh controversy by saying it was a "great day" for Floyd. (Photo by DANIEL LEAL-OLIVAS / AFP) (Photo by DANIEL LEAL-OLIVAS/AFP via Getty Images)
A protestor reacts as a mounted police officer raises their baton whilst riding along Whitehall, past the entrance to Downing Street, in central London on June 6, 2020, during a demonstration organised to show solidarity with the Black Lives Matter movement in the wake of the killing of George Floyd, an unarmed black man who died after a police officer knelt on his neck in Minneapolis. - The United States braced Friday for massive weekend protests against racism and police brutality, as outrage soared over the latest law enforcement abuses against demonstrators that were caught on camera. With protests over last week's police killing of George Floyd, an unarmed black man, surging into a second weekend, President Donald Trump sparked fresh controversy by saying it was a "great day" for Floyd. (Photo by DANIEL LEAL-OLIVAS / AFP) (Photo by DANIEL LEAL-OLIVAS/AFP via Getty Images)
Mounted police officers charge their horses along Whitehall, past the entrance to Downing Street, in an attempt to disperse protestors gathered in central London on June 6, 2020, during a demonstration to show solidarity with the Black Lives Matter movement in the wake of the killing of George Floyd, an unarmed black man who died after a police officer knelt on his neck in Minneapolis. - The United States braced Friday for massive weekend protests against racism and police brutality, as outrage soared over the latest law enforcement abuses against demonstrators that were caught on camera. With protests over last week's police killing of George Floyd, an unarmed black man, surging into a second weekend, President Donald Trump sparked fresh controversy by saying it was a "great day" for Floyd. (Photo by DANIEL LEAL-OLIVAS / AFP) (Photo by DANIEL LEAL-OLIVAS/AFP via Getty Images)
Police officers in riot gear form a line in front of protestors on Whitehall, near to Downing Street, in central London on June 6, 2020, during a demonstration to show solidarity with the Black Lives Matter movement in the wake of the killing of George Floyd, an unarmed black man who died after a police officer knelt on his neck in Minneapolis. - The United States braced Friday for massive weekend protests against racism and police brutality, as outrage soared over the latest law enforcement abuses against demonstrators that were caught on camera. With protests over last week's police killing of George Floyd, an unarmed black man, surging into a second weekend, President Donald Trump sparked fresh controversy by saying it was a "great day" for Floyd. (Photo by DANIEL LEAL-OLIVAS / AFP) (Photo by DANIEL LEAL-OLIVAS/AFP via Getty Images)
A protester (R) wearing PPE (personal protective equipment), including a face mask as a precautionary measure against COVID-19, makes a fist as she stands by Police officers in riot in central London on June 6, 2020, during a demonstration organised to show solidarity with the Black Lives Matter movement in the wake of the killing of George Floyd, an unarmed black man who died after a police officer knelt on his neck in Minneapolis. - The United States braced Friday for massive weekend protests against racism and police brutality, as outrage soared over the latest law enforcement abuses against demonstrators that were caught on camera. With protests over last week's police killing of George Floyd, an unarmed black man, surging into a second weekend, President Donald Trump sparked fresh controversy by saying it was a "great day" for Floyd. (Photo by DANIEL LEAL-OLIVAS / AFP) (Photo by DANIEL LEAL-OLIVAS/AFP via Getty Images)
Protesters holding placards light a flare during an anti-racism demonstration on Whitehall, near the entrance to Downing Street in central London on June 6, 2020, to show solidarity with the Black Lives Matter movement in the wake of the killing of George Floyd, an unarmed black man who died after a police officer knelt on his neck in Minneapolis. - The United States braced Friday for massive weekend protests against racism and police brutality, as outrage soared over the latest law enforcement abuses against demonstrators that were caught on camera. With protests over last week's police killing of George Floyd, an unarmed black man, surging into a second weekend, President Donald Trump sparked fresh controversy by saying it was a "great day" for Floyd. (Photo by DANIEL LEAL-OLIVAS / AFP) (Photo by DANIEL LEAL-OLIVAS/AFP via Getty Images)
LONDON, UNITED KINGDOM - JUNE 06: Protesters demonstrate near the the US Embassy in Nine Elms on June 6, 2020 in London, United Kingdom. The death of an African-American man, George Floyd, while in the custody of Minneapolis police has sparked protests across the United States, as well as demonstrations of solidarity in many countries around the world. (Photo by Hollie Adams/Getty Images)
Police officers in riot gear stand on duty as a flare, thrown by protesters, burns inside Downing Street, during an anti-racism demonstration in central London on June 6, 2020, to show solidarity with the Black Lives Matter movement in the wake of the killing of George Floyd, an unarmed black man who died after a police officer knelt on his neck in Minneapolis. - The United States braced Friday for massive weekend protests against racism and police brutality, as outrage soared over the latest law enforcement abuses against demonstrators that were caught on camera. With protests over last week's police killing of George Floyd, an unarmed black man, surging into a second weekend, President Donald Trump sparked fresh controversy by saying it was a "great day" for Floyd. (Photo by DANIEL LEAL-OLIVAS / AFP) (Photo by DANIEL LEAL-OLIVAS/AFP via Getty Images)
Protestors scuffle with Police officers in riot gear near Downing Street, in central London on June 6, 2020, during a demonstration organised to show solidarity with the Black Lives Matter movement in the wake of the killing of George Floyd, an unarmed black man who died after a police officer knelt on his neck in Minneapolis. - The United States braced Friday for massive weekend protests against racism and police brutality, as outrage soared over the latest law enforcement abuses against demonstrators that were caught on camera. With protests over last week's police killing of George Floyd, an unarmed black man, surging into a second weekend, President Donald Trump sparked fresh controversy by saying it was a "great day" for Floyd. (Photo by DANIEL LEAL-OLIVAS / AFP) (Photo by DANIEL LEAL-OLIVAS/AFP via Getty Images)
LONDON, UNITED KINGDOM - JUNE 06: Protesters march through central London on June 6, 2020 in London, United Kingdom. The death of an African-American man, George Floyd, while in the custody of Minneapolis police has sparked protests across the United States, as well as demonstrations of solidarity in many countries around the world. (Photo by Hollie Adams/Getty Images)
Police officers in riot gear stand on duty by anti-government graffiti daubed on the the Foreign Office in central London on June 6, 2020, during a demonstration organised to show solidarity with the Black Lives Matter movement in the wake of the killing of George Floyd, an unarmed black man who died after a police officer knelt on his neck in Minneapolis. - The United States braced Friday for massive weekend protests against racism and police brutality, as outrage soared over the latest law enforcement abuses against demonstrators that were caught on camera. With protests over last week's police killing of George Floyd, an unarmed black man, surging into a second weekend, President Donald Trump sparked fresh controversy by saying it was a "great day" for Floyd. (Photo by DANIEL LEAL-OLIVAS / AFP) (Photo by DANIEL LEAL-OLIVAS/AFP via Getty Images)
A protetr shouts slogans in front of a line of police officers near the US Embassy in south west London on June 6, 2020, during a protest action to show solidarity with the Black Lives Matter movement in the wake of the killing of George Floyd, an unarmed black man who died after a police officer knelt on his neck in Minneapolis. - Taking a knee, chanting and ignoring social distancing measures, outraged protesters from Sydney to London kicked off a weekend of global rallies Saturday against racism and police brutality. (Photo by DANIEL LEAL-OLIVAS / AFP) (Photo by DANIEL LEAL-OLIVAS/AFP via Getty Images)
LONDON, UNITED KINGDOM - JUNE 06: A child wearing a face mask with the words "I can't breathe" poses for a photo during a Black Lives Matter protest at Parliament Square on June 06, 2020 in London, United Kingdom. The death of an African-American man, George Floyd, while in the custody of Minneapolis police has sparked protests across the United States, as well as demonstrations of solidarity in many countries around the world. (Photo by Alex Pantling/Getty Images)
LONDON, UNITED KINGDOM - JUNE 06: Protesters walk past graffiti on a bus stop during a Black Lives Matter protest at Parliament Square on June 06, 2020 in London, United Kingdom. The death of an African-American man, George Floyd, while in the custody of Minneapolis police has sparked protests across the United States, as well as demonstrations of solidarity in many countries around the world. (Photo by Alex Pantling/Getty Images)
A protesters holds a placard in front of a police car during a march in central London on June 6, 2020, to show solidarity with the Black Lives Matter movement in the wake of the killing of George Floyd, an unarmed black man who died after a police officer knelt on his neck in Minneapolis. - Taking a knee, chanting and ignoring social distancing measures, outraged protesters from Sydney to London kicked off a weekend of global rallies Saturday against racism and police brutality. (Photo by DANIEL LEAL-OLIVAS / AFP) (Photo by DANIEL LEAL-OLIVAS/AFP via Getty Images)
Justin Trudeau Takes A Knee During Anti-Racism Protest
BOSTON, MA - JUNE 7: On the lawn at the Brigham and Women's Hospital in Boston, Members of the Brigham and Women's community kneel during a vigil in memory of George Floyd and reflection on racial injustice on June 5, 2020. (Photo by David L. Ryan/The Boston Globe via Getty Images)
Demonstrators, some wearing PPE (personal protective equipment), including a face mask as a precautionary measure against COVID-19, hold placards as they attend a protest march in Manchester, northern England, on June 6, 2020, to show solidarity with the Black Lives Matter movement in the wake of the killing of George Floyd, an unarmed black man who died after a police officer knelt on his neck in Minneapolis. - The United States braced Friday for massive weekend protests against racism and police brutality, as outrage soared over the latest law enforcement abuses against demonstrators that were caught on camera. With protests over last week's police killing of George Floyd, an unarmed black man, surging into a second weekend, President Donald Trump sparked fresh controversy by saying it was a "great day" for Floyd. (Photo by Paul ELLIS / AFP) (Photo by PAUL ELLIS/AFP via Getty Images)
Protesters, some wearing PPE (personal protective equipment), including a face mask as a precautionary measure against COVID-19, kneel as they hold placards during a demonstration in Manchester, northern England, on June 6, 2020, to show solidarity with the Black Lives Matter movement in the wake of the killing of George Floyd, an unarmed black man who died after a police officer knelt on his neck in Minneapolis. - The United States braced Friday for massive weekend protests against racism and police brutality, as outrage soared over the latest law enforcement abuses against demonstrators that were caught on camera. With protests over last week's police killing of George Floyd, an unarmed black man, surging into a second weekend, President Donald Trump sparked fresh controversy by saying it was a "great day" for Floyd. (Photo by Paul ELLIS / AFP) (Photo by PAUL ELLIS/AFP via Getty Images)
Protesters, some wearing PPE (personal protective equipment), including a face mask as a precautionary measure against COVID-19, kneel as they hold placards during a demonstration in Manchester, northern England, on June 6, 2020, to show solidarity with the Black Lives Matter movement in the wake of the killing of George Floyd, an unarmed black man who died after a police officer knelt on his neck in Minneapolis. - The United States braced Friday for massive weekend protests against racism and police brutality, as outrage soared over the latest law enforcement abuses against demonstrators that were caught on camera. With protests over last week's police killing of George Floyd, an unarmed black man, surging into a second weekend, President Donald Trump sparked fresh controversy by saying it was a "great day" for Floyd. (Photo by Paul ELLIS / AFP) (Photo by PAUL ELLIS/AFP via Getty Images)
Protesters hold placards as they attend a demonstration in Parliament Square in central London on June 6, 2020, to show solidarity with the Black Lives Matter movement in the wake of the killing of George Floyd, an unarmed black man who died after a police officer knelt on his neck in Minneapolis. - Taking a knee, chanting and ignoring social distancing measures, outraged protesters from Sydney to London kicked off a weekend of global rallies Saturday against racism and police brutality. (Photo by DANIEL LEAL-OLIVAS / AFP) (Photo by DANIEL LEAL-OLIVAS/AFP via Getty Images)
Protesters hold placards as they attend a demonstration in central London on June 6, 2020, to show solidarity with the Black Lives Matter movement in the wake of the killing of George Floyd, an unarmed black man who died after a police officer knelt on his neck in Minneapolis. - Taking a knee, chanting and ignoring social distancing measures, outraged protesters from Sydney to London kicked off a weekend of global rallies Saturday against racism and police brutality. (Photo by DANIEL LEAL-OLIVAS / AFP) (Photo by DANIEL LEAL-OLIVAS/AFP via Getty Images)
People with placards reading 'Black Lives Matter' gather on the place de la Concorde, near the US embassy compound, in Paris on June 6, 2020, during a rally called as part of a weekend of global rallies worldwide against racism and police brutality in the wake of the death of George Floyd, an unarmed black man killed while apprehended by police in Minneapolis, US. - Police banned the rally as well as a similar second one on the Champs de Mars park facing the Eiffel Tower today, saying the events were organised via social networks without official notice or consultation. But on June 2, another banned rally in Paris drew more than 20000 people in support of the family of Adama Traore, a young black man who died in police custody in 2016. (Photo by Anne-Christine POUJOULAT / AFP) (Photo by ANNE-CHRISTINE POUJOULAT/AFP via Getty Images)
People with placards reading 'Black Lives Matter' gather on the place de la Concorde, near the US embassy compound, in Paris on June 6, 2020, during a rally called as part of a weekend of global rallies worldwide against racism and police brutality in the wake of the death of George Floyd, an unarmed black man killed while apprehended by police in Minneapolis, US. - Police banned the rally as well as a similar second one on the Champs de Mars park facing the Eiffel Tower today, saying the events were organised via social networks without official notice or consultation. But on June 2, another banned rally in Paris drew more than 20000 people in support of the family of Adama Traore, a young black man who died in police custody in 2016. (Photo by Anne-Christine POUJOULAT / AFP) (Photo by ANNE-CHRISTINE POUJOULAT/AFP via Getty Images)
06 June 2020, Hamburg: Participants in a demonstration against racism and police violence protest with a sign saying "Black Lives Matter" on the Jungfernstieg. Instead of the announced 500 participants, more than 11,000 demonstrators took part in the rally at the time of recording, according to the police. Photo: Markus Scholz/dpa (Photo by Markus Scholz/picture alliance via Getty Images)
06 June 2020, Hamburg: Participants in a demonstration against racism and police violence protest with signs saying "Black Lives Matter" on the Jungfernstieg. Instead of the announced 500 participants, more than 11,000 demonstrators took part in the rally at the time of recording, according to the police. Photo: Markus Scholz/dpa (Photo by Markus Scholz/picture alliance via Getty Images)
06 June 2020, Hamburg: Participants in a demonstration against racism and police violence protest with a sign saying "Black Lives Matter" on the Jungfernstieg. Instead of the announced 500 participants, more than 11,000 demonstrators took part in the rally at the time of recording, according to the police. Photo: Markus Scholz/dpa (Photo by Markus Scholz/picture alliance via Getty Images)
People with placards reading 'Black Lives Matter', 'no justice no peace', gather on the place de la Concorde, near the US embassy compound, in Paris on June 6, 2020, during a rally called as part of a weekend of global rallies worldwide against racism and police brutality in the wake of the death of George Floyd, an unarmed black man killed while apprehended by police in Minneapolis, US. - Police banned the rally as well as a similar second one on the Champs de Mars park facing the Eiffel Tower today, saying the events were organised via social networks without official notice or consultation. But on June 2, another banned rally in Paris drew more than 20000 people in support of the family of Adama Traore, a young black man who died in police custody in 2016. (Photo by Anne-Christine POUJOULAT / AFP) (Photo by ANNE-CHRISTINE POUJOULAT/AFP via Getty Images)
People with placards reading 'Black Lives Matter' gather on the place de la Concorde, near the US embassy compound, in Paris on June 6, 2020, during a rally called as part of a weekend of global rallies worldwide against racism and police brutality in the wake of the death of George Floyd, an unarmed black man killed while apprehended by police in Minneapolis, US. - Police banned the rally as well as a similar second one on the Champs de Mars park facing the Eiffel Tower today, saying the events were organised via social networks without official notice or consultation. But on June 2, another banned rally in Paris drew more than 20000 people in support of the family of Adama Traore, a young black man who died in police custody in 2016. (Photo by Anne-Christine POUJOULAT / AFP) (Photo by ANNE-CHRISTINE POUJOULAT/AFP via Getty Images)
06 June 2020, Bavaria, Munich: A man wearing a face mask with the inscription "Black lives Matter" demonstrates against racism on the Königsplatz in the Bavarian capital during a "Silent Demo". The occasion is the violent death of George Floyd in the USA. A total of 25 German cities will be the venues for the demonstration. Photo: Peter Kneffel/dpa (Photo by Peter Kneffel/picture alliance via Getty Images)
06 June 2020, Baden-Wuerttemberg, Mannheim: Participants dressed in black with mouthguards take part in a meeting under the motto "No to racism! Black lives matter" and raise their fists in a silent protest. In about 25 German cities, people demonstrate against racism with so-called "silent demos". The trigger is the violent death of George Floyd on 25 May in the US city of Minneapolis by a white policeman. Photo: Uwe Anspach/dpa (Photo by Uwe Anspach/picture alliance via Getty Images)
Protesters hold placards as they attend a demonstration in Parliament Square in central London on June 6, 2020, to show solidarity with the Black Lives Matter movement in the wake of the killing of George Floyd, an unarmed black man who died after a police officer knelt on his neck in Minneapolis. - Taking a knee, chanting and ignoring social distancing measures, outraged protesters from Sydney to London kicked off a weekend of global rallies Saturday against racism and police brutality. (Photo by DANIEL LEAL-OLIVAS / AFP) (Photo by DANIEL LEAL-OLIVAS/AFP via Getty Images)
Protesters hold placards as they attend a demonstration in Parliament Square in central London on June 6, 2020, to show solidarity with the Black Lives Matter movement in the wake of the killing of George Floyd, an unarmed black man who died after a police officer knelt on his neck in Minneapolis. - Taking a knee, chanting and ignoring social distancing measures, outraged protesters from Sydney to London kicked off a weekend of global rallies Saturday against racism and police brutality. (Photo by DANIEL LEAL-OLIVAS / AFP) (Photo by DANIEL LEAL-OLIVAS/AFP via Getty Images)
A protester wearing PPE (personal protective equipment) of a face mask as a precautionary measure against COVID-19, attends a demonstration in Manchester, northern England, on June 6, 2020, to show solidarity with the Black Lives Matter movement in the wake of the killing of George Floyd, an unarmed black man who died after a police officer knelt on his neck in Minneapolis. - The United States braced Friday for massive weekend protests against racism and police brutality, as outrage soared over the latest law enforcement abuses against demonstrators that were caught on camera. With protests over last week's police killing of George Floyd, an unarmed black man, surging into a second weekend, President Donald Trump sparked fresh controversy by saying it was a "great day" for Floyd. (Photo by Paul ELLIS / AFP) (Photo by PAUL ELLIS/AFP via Getty Images)
SYDNEY, AUSTRALIA - JUNE 6: Protesters participate in a protest in Sydney to show solidarity with Black Lives Matter demonstrations in the US, which were sparked by the death of George Floyd and rally to stop Aboriginal deaths in custody after an appeal court's last-minute decision to authorise the public gathering in Australia on June 6, 2020. (Photo by Steven Saphore/Anadolu Agency via Getty Images)
Protesters hold placards as they attend a demonstration in Manchester, northern England, on June 6, 2020, to show solidarity with the Black Lives Matter movement in the wake of the killing of George Floyd, an unarmed black man who died after a police officer knelt on his neck in Minneapolis. - The United States braced Friday for massive weekend protests against racism and police brutality, as outrage soared over the latest law enforcement abuses against demonstrators that were caught on camera. With protests over last week's police killing of George Floyd, an unarmed black man, surging into a second weekend, President Donald Trump sparked fresh controversy by saying it was a "great day" for Floyd. (Photo by Paul ELLIS / AFP) (Photo by PAUL ELLIS/AFP via Getty Images)
SYDNEY, AUSTRALIA - JUNE 6: Protesters participate in a protest in Sydney to show solidarity with Black Lives Matter demonstrations in the US, which were sparked by the death of George Floyd and rally to stop Aboriginal deaths in custody after an appeal court's last-minute decision to authorise the public gathering in Australia on June 6, 2020. (Photo by Steven Saphore/Anadolu Agency via Getty Images)
SYDNEY, AUSTRALIA - JUNE 6: Protesters participate in a protest in Sydney to show solidarity with Black Lives Matter demonstrations in the US, which were sparked by the death of George Floyd and rally to stop Aboriginal deaths in custody after an appeal court's last-minute decision to authorise the public gathering in Australia on June 6, 2020. (Photo by Steven Saphore/Anadolu Agency via Getty Images)
TOKYO, JAPAN - JUNE 6 : People attend a demonstration in Tokyo, Japan against racism and police violence in echo to the killing of a black man, George Floyd in the US at the hands of a white police office, on June 6, 2020. (Photo by David Mareuil/Anadolu Agency via Getty Images)
TOKYO, JAPAN - JUNE 6 : People attend a demonstration in Tokyo, Japan against racism and police violence in echo to the killing of a black man, George Floyd in the US at the hands of a white police office, on June 6, 2020. (Photo by David Mareuil/Anadolu Agency via Getty Images)
TOKYO, JAPAN - JUNE 6 : People attend a demonstration in Tokyo, Japan against racism and police violence in echo to the killing of a black man, George Floyd in the US at the hands of a white police office, on June 6, 2020. (Photo by David Mareuil/Anadolu Agency via Getty Images)
SYDNEY, AUSTRALIA - JUNE 06: A protester kneels during a 'Black Lives Matter' protest march on June 06, 2020 in Sydney, Australia. Events across Australia have been organised in solidarity with protests in the United States following the killing of an unarmed black man George Floyd at the hands of a police officer in Minneapolis, Minnesota and to rally against aboriginal deaths in custody in Australia. (Photo by Lisa Maree Williams/Getty Images)
SYDNEY, AUSTRALIA - JUNE 06: Protesters chant and hold placards at Town Hall during a 'Black Lives Matter' protest march June 06, 2020 in Sydney, Australia. Events across Australia have been organised in solidarity with protests in the United States following the killing of an unarmed black man George Floyd at the hands of a police officer in Minneapolis, Minnesota and to rally against aboriginal deaths in custody in Australia. (Photo by Lisa Maree Williams/Getty Images)
SYDNEY, AUSTRALIA - JUNE 6: Protesters participate in a protest in Sydney to show solidarity with Black Lives Matter demonstrations in the US, which were sparked by the death of George Floyd and rally to stop Aboriginal deaths in custody after an appeal court's last-minute decision to authorise the public gathering in Australia on June 6, 2020. (Photo by Steven Saphore/Anadolu Agency via Getty Images)
SYDNEY, AUSTRALIA - JUNE 06: A man vents his feelings at Town Hall on June 06, 2020 in Sydney, Australia. The event was organised to rally against aboriginal deaths in custody in Australia as well as in solidarity with protests across the United States following the killing of an unarmed black man George Floyd at the hands of a police officer in Minneapolis, Minnesota. (Photo by Don Arnold/Getty Images)
With the Washington Monument in the background people walk on the street leading to the White House after the words Black Lives Matter were painted on it by city workers and activists Friday, June 5, 2020, in Washington. (AP Photo/Manuel Balce Ceneta)
Nickia Wood stands with a Black Lives Matter shirt as people gather near the White House, Saturday, June 6, 2020, in Washington, before scheduled protests over the death of George Floyd, who died after being restrained by Minneapolis police officers. (AP Photo/Patrick Semansky)
WASHINGTON, D.C. - JUNE 5: View of a posted sign as DC Mayor Muriel Bowser has 'Black Lives Matter' painted on the street leading to the White House and renamed the street Black Lives Matter Plaza on June 5, 2020 in Washington D.C. Credit: mpi34/MediaPunch /IPX
People walk on the street leading to the White House after the words Black Lives Matter were painted in enormous bright yellow letters on it by city workers and activists Friday, June 5, 2020, in Washington. (AP Photo/Manuel Balce Ceneta)
WASHINGTON, D.C. - JUNE 5: DC Mayor Muriel Bowser has 'Black Lives Matter' painted on the street leading to the White House and renamed the street Black Lives Matter Plaza on June 5, 2020 in Washington D.C. Credit: mpi34/MediaPunch /IPX
The dome of the U.S. Capitol is visible as a sign that reads "Black Lives Matter" hangs on an overpass on North Capitol Street in Washington, Tuesday, June 2, 2020, following days of continuing protests over the death of George Floyd. Floyd died after being restrained by Minneapolis police officers. (AP Photo/Andrew Harnik)
A person wears a mask that reads "Black Lives Matter" during a protest Monday, June 1, 2020, in Tacoma ,Wash., against police brutality and the death of George Floyd, a black man who died after being restrained by Minneapolis police officers on Memorial Day. (AP Photo/Ted S. Warren)
Photo by: STRF/STAR MAX/IPx 2020 6/1/20 George Floyd's death at the hands of Minneapolis Police Officers leads to demonstations, protests and destruction of property throughout New York City, especiallay in Greenwich Village and SOHO in Manhattan. Protests often have turned into riots and looting at night in cities accross the United States.
Demonstrators gather to protest the death of George Floyd, Sunday, May 31, 2020, near the White House in Washington. Floyd died after being restrained by Minneapolis police officers (AP Photo/Alex Brandon)
Geoffrey Preuehomme of Radford, left, and Brianna Johnson of Roanoke attend a rally at Washington Park organized by the local Black Lives Matter chapter on Saturday. Hundreds of protesters came out for the event on Saturday May 30, 2020.(Heather Rousseau/The Roanoke Times via AP)
Jerry-Pale Molcolo with his children, Moetapele Green, 9, left, and Amirial Green, 12 watch protesters confront the police on Campbell Avenue downtown Roanoke on Saturday, May 30, 2020. Following a rally at Washington Park organized by the local Black Lives Matter chapter, demonstrators marched toward the police station on Campbell Avenue and were met by multiple police barricades.(Heather Rousseau/The Roanoke Times via AP)
Demonstrators, some wearing PPE (personal protective equipment), including a face mask as a precautionary measure against COVID-19, hold placards as they attend a protest march to the US Embassy in London on June 6, 2020, to show solidarity with the Black Lives Matter movement in the wake of the killing of George Floyd, an unarmed black man who died after a police officer knelt on his neck in Minneapolis. - The United States braced Friday for massive weekend protests against racism and police brutality, as outrage soared over the latest law enforcement abuses against demonstrators that were caught on camera. With protests over last week's police killing of George Floyd, an unarmed black man, surging into a second weekend, President Donald Trump sparked fresh controversy by saying it was a "great day" for Floyd. (Photo by DANIEL LEAL-OLIVAS / AFP) (Photo by DANIEL LEAL-OLIVAS/AFP via Getty Images)
LONDON, UNITED KINGDOM - JUNE 06: Protesters hold placards as they march through central London on June 6, 2020 in London, United Kingdom. The death of an African-American man, George Floyd, while in the custody of Minneapolis police has sparked protests across the United States, as well as demonstrations of solidarity in many countries around the world. (Photo by Hollie Adams/Getty Images)
LONDON, UNITED KINGDOM - JUNE 06: Protesters hold placards during a Black Lives Matter demonstration in Parliament Square in central London on June 6, 2020 in London, United Kingdom. The death of an African-American man, George Floyd, while in the custody of Minneapolis police has sparked protests across the United States, as well as demonstrations of solidarity in many countries around the world. (Photo by Hollie Adams/Getty Images)
OXFORD, UNITED KINGDOM - 2020/06/09: Demonstrators wearing face masks hold up their fists during a 8min 43 seconds sit in on the High Street. The Rhodes Must Fall campaign was reignited from a 2016 campaign following recent Black Lives Matter demonstrations after the demise of George Floyd under police custody in Mineapolis. Despite the Covid19 lockdown, protesters globally have united to demand change. (Photo by David Mbiyu/SOPA Images/LightRocket via Getty Images)
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Meanwhile, 20% of people in Malta reported the same, the lowest in the set, compared to 63% in Finland, the highest amount.

Across the EU states looked at, just 14% of incidents of racist harassment were reported to police.

The responses were based on weighted results from 5,803 people described as being of African descent from 12 member states.

Some 5% of the respondents experienced racist violence across all the states, including assault by police officer, and by member state this ranged from 14% in Finland and 13% in Ireland and Austria to 3% in the UK and 2% in Portugal.

Among the member states, an average of 10% of people of African descent had been stopped by police in the last five years and also believed that was due to racial profiling.

Between countries, citizens of Malta and Ireland were less likely to report they were stopped due to racial profiling (5%), with 7% of respondents in the UK saying they had been stopped due to race.

This compares to Austria, where 37% of respondents said they were stopped because of racial profiling, and Italy, where 17% said the same.

Across the states, 39% of the respondents said they felt they had been racially discriminated against within the previous five years, and one in four had felt discriminated against in the 12 months prior to the survey.

The highest perceived rates within those 12 months were in Luxembourg (50%), Finland (45%) and Austria (42%). The lowest were found in the UK (15%) and Portugal (17%).

Just 16% who said they were racially discriminated against reported or made a complaint about the most recent incident.

Countries where respondents were more likely to report an incident were Finland (30%), Ireland (27%) and Sweden (25%), with the lowest reporting rates in Austria (8%), Portugal and Italy (both 9%).

The survey also looked at what percentage of the respondents were living in "severely deprived housing" compared to the general population.

This was defined as a house that is considered overcrowded and had either a leaking roof, rotting walls or windows, no bath/shower and indoor toilet, or was considered too dark.

The group average across member states showed 12% of respondents were living in that kind of house, while 84% believed their skin colour or physical appearance to have been the main reason behind their most recent incident of discrimination as they looked for housing.

Some 8% of respondents in the UK were living in a severely deprived house, compared to 2% of the population.

In every member state surveyed, people of African descent were more likely to live in a severely deprived house. In Malta, 29% were, compared to 1% of the general population, in Austria 22% were, compared to 4%, and in Portugal 21% were, compared to 5%.

Some of the findings for some member states in the housing survey were considered "statistically unreliable" due to a small number of respondents. The lowest reliable findings were in Ireland, where 6% lived compared to 1% and 7% in Germany compared to 2% of the general population.

Speaking about the protests, Boris Johnson has said he understands "the very strong and legitimate feelings of people in this country at the death of George Floyd and of course I agree that black lives matter" while Labour leader Keir Starmer has urged him to "turbocharge" the government's response to racial inequality.

- This article first appeared on Yahoo

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