Travel rules: Is it OK to travel for help with childcare?

The Government has insisted Dominic Cummings was well within the rules when he travelled 260 miles from London to his family home in Durham during the lockdown.

Mr Cummings said he wanted help from his family caring for his young son if he and his wife became too ill to do so alone.

Michael Gove tweeted: "Caring for your wife and child is not a crime."

But when Boris Johnson introduced the UK lockdown he gave "a very simple instruction – you must stay at home".

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Dominic Cummings, a senior aide to Prime Minister Boris Johnson, attends the book launch of Winning Against the Odds: My Life in Gambling and Politics by Stuart Wheeler at Carlton House Terrace, London.
Dominic Cummings, Chief Adviser to the Prime Minister, arrives in Downing Street, London.
Chief Adviser to the Prime Minister Boris Johnson, Dominic Cummings, arrives in Downing Street, London.
Number 10 special advisor Dominic Cummings arrives at 10 Downing Street in central London on December 16, 2019. - Prime Minister Boris Johnson vowed Saturday to repay the trust of former opposition voters who gave his Conservatives a mandate to take Britain out of the European Union next month. Johnson toured a leftist bastion once represented by former Labour leader Tony Blair in a bid to show his intent to unite the country after years of divisions over Brexit. (Photo by DANIEL LEAL-OLIVAS / AFP) (Photo by DANIEL LEAL-OLIVAS/AFP via Getty Images)
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British Prime Minister Boris Johnson and his advisor Dominic Cummings, left, leave 10 Downing Street in London, and get in a car together to go to the Houses of Parliament, Monday, Oct. 28, 2019. British Prime Minister Boris Johnson says it's Parliament's fault, not his, that Britain will not be leaving the European Union as scheduled on Oct. 31. The EU has agreed to postpone Brexit until Jan. 31, 2020, after Johnson failed to get British lawmakers to ratify his divorce deal with the bloc in time to leave this week. (AP Photo/Matt Dunham)
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Dominic Cummings, a senior aide to Prime Minister Boris Johnson, attends the book launch of Winning Against the Odds: My Life in Gambling and Politics by Stuart Wheeler at Carlton House Terrace, London.
Senior political aide Dominic Cummings speaks to Stuart Wheeler, at his book launch for Winning Against the Odds: My Life in Gambling and Politics, at Carlton House Terrace, London.
Dominic Cummings, a senior aide to Prime Minister Boris Johnson, attends the book launch of Winning Against the Odds: My Life in Gambling and Politics by Stuart Wheeler at Carlton House Terrace, London.
Stuart Wheeler (left) with Dominic Cummings at the book launch of Winning Against the Odds: My Life in Gambling and Politics by Stuart Wheeler at Carlton House Terrace, London.
Pro remain campaigner Steve Bray interviews Dominic Cummings as he arrives at the Cabinet office in London,United Kingdom on 22nd August 2019. (photo by Claire Doherty/In Pictures via Getty Images)
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Dominic Cummings, special advisor for Britain's Prime Minister Boris Johnson, leaves his home in London, Britain, September 2, 2019. REUTERS/Henry Nicholls
Dominic Cummings, special advisor for Britain's Prime Minister Boris Johnson, leaves his home in London, Britain, September 2, 2019. REUTERS/Henry Nicholls
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Number 10 Chief of Staff Dominic Cummings arrives at Downing Street in central London on August 2, 2019. (Photo by Tolga AKMEN / AFP) (Photo credit should read TOLGA AKMEN/AFP/Getty Images)
Dominic Cummings, a senior aide to Prime Minister Boris Johnson, attends the book launch of Winning Against the Odds: My Life in Gambling and Politics by Stuart Wheeler at Carlton House Terrace, London.
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The rules, announced in a speech the Prime Minister made to the nation on March 23, stated that people would only be allowed to leave the house for limited purposes.

These were shopping for basics, one form of exercise a day, travelling to and from work, but only where absolutely necessary, and medical needs.

The Government's guidance on circumstances in which a person may leave their home stated:

-For work, where you cannot work at home.

-Going to shops that are permitted to be open – to get things like food and medicine.

-To exercise or spend time outdoors.

-Any medical need, including to donate blood, avoid illness or injury, escape risk of harm, or to provide care or help to a vulnerable person.

No mention was made of childcare in the published guidance.

Reinforcing the message, Mr Johnson said people should not meet family members who do not live with them.

The rule on meeting family was unequivocal.

It stated: "You should not be visiting family members who do not live in your home.

"You should keep in touch with them using phone or video calls."

Only in exceptional circumstances were people allowed to attend relatives' addresses; for example, to drop off food or medicine to their door.

However Dr Jenny Harries said at the daily Downing Street press briefing on March 24 that a small child could be considered "vulnerable".

"Clearly if you have adults who are unable to look after a small child, that is an exceptional circumstance," she said.

"And if the individuals do not have access to care support – formal care support – or to family, they will be able to work through their local authority hubs."

Even now the lockdown rules have been relaxed slightly, visiting friends or family in their own homes is still off limits.

The current guidance states: "As with before, you cannot visit friends and family in their homes."

The Government guidance also said: "We are advising those who are at increased risk of severe illness from coronavirus (Covid-19) to be particularly stringent in following social distancing measures.

"This group includes those who are aged 70 or older (regardless of medical conditions)."

It added: "If you are showing coronavirus symptoms, or if you or any of your household are self-isolating, you should stay at home – this is critical to staying safe and saving lives."

Downing Street previously confirmed that Mr Cummings had started displaying coronavirus symptoms "over the weekend" of March 28 and 29.

Dominic Cummings
Dominic Cummings had started displaying coronavirus symptoms over the weekend of March 28 and 29 (David Mirzoeff/PA)

The Government's guidance on self-isolation stated: "If you live with others and you are the first in the household to have symptoms of coronavirus (Covid-19), then you must stay at home for at least seven days, but all other household members who remain well must stay at home and not leave the house for 14 days.

"The 14-day period starts from the day when the first person in the house became ill."

In a statement on Saturday, Number 10 acknowledged Mr Cummings' wife Mary Wakefield had symptoms of coronavirus when the family decided to travel.

"Owing to his wife being infected with suspected coronavirus and the high likelihood that he would himself become unwell, it was essential for Dominic Cummings to ensure his young child could be properly cared for," a spokesman said.

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