Germany is marking the 30th anniversary of the opening of the Berlin Wall, a pivotal moment in the events that brought down Communism in eastern Europe.
Leaders from Germany and other European nations are attending ceremonies Saturday in Berlin recalling the peaceful protests that piled pressure on East Germany's government to allow its citizens free passage to the west on November 9th, 1989.
Fall of the Berlin Wall
Fall of the Berlin Wall
The Fall of the Berlin Wall as Captured by Peter Turnley and David Turnley
File Photo: West Germans Celebrate The Unification Of Berlin Atop The Berlin Wall During The Collapse Of Communism In East Berlin On November 12, 1989. November, 1999 Marks The 10Th Anniversary Of The Fall Of The Berlin Wall. East Germany's Communist Government Erected The Berlin Wall In August 1961. The Wall Fell After Weeks Of Massive Anti-Government Protests On November 9, 1989. The Fall Of The Berlin Wall Is Often Described As The "End Of The Cold War." East German Border Guards Shot 77 People Who Tried To Escape To The West Over The Wall During The Course Of Its Existence. (Photo By Stephen Jaffe/Getty Images)
Works at the Berlin Wall in Nov. 1989. (undated) (AP Photo)
FILE - In this Nov. 11, 1989 file photo, East German border guards are seen through a gap in the Berlin wall after demonstrators pulled down a segment of the wall at Brandenburg gate, Berlin. (AP Photo/Lionel Cironneau, File)
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FILE - The Nov. 20, 1961 photo shows 12 feet high boards hiding the work as East German troops erect a new concrete wall at the Brandenburg Gate, marking the East-West border in Berlin. In background is the former Reichstag building which is in West Berlin. (AP Photo/file)
** FILE ** East German border guards look through a hole in the Berlin wall after demonstrators pulled down one segment of the wall at Brandenburg gate in this November 11, 1989 file picture. Thursday, Nov. 9, 2006 marks the 17th anniversary of the fall of the Berlin Wall. (AP Photo/Lionel Cironneau, File)
FILE PHOTO 11NOV89 - East Berlin border guards stand atop the Berlin Wall in front of the Brandeburg Gate in this November 11, 1989 file photo. The 10th anniversary off the "fall" of the Berlin wall is coming up on November 10, 1999.
FILE PHOTO 11NOV89 - A demonstrator pounds away the Berlin Wall as East Berlin border guards look on from above the Brandeburg Gate in this November 11, 1989 file photo. The 10th anniversary off the "fall" of the Berlin wall is coming up on November 10, 1999.
FILE - In this Nov. 13, 1989, file photo, East German border guards stand in front of segments of the Berlin Wall, which were removed to open the wall at Potsdamer Platz passage in Berlin. Months before the Berlin Wall fell on Nov. 9, 1989, with the Soviet stranglehold over the Eastern Bloc crumbling, a young political scientist named Francis Fukuyama made a declaration that quickly became famous. It was, he declared, “the end of history.” (AP Photo/John Gaps III, File)
FILE - The Sept. 9, 1961 file photo shows East-German policemen in work dress as they remove barbed wire from a brick wall while other policemen in background are raising the wall to 15 feet at the border between the French and Russian sector at Bernauer Strasse in Berlin. (AP Photo/Edwin Reichert, file)
FILE - In this on Friday, June 12, 1987 file photo, U.S. President Ronald Reagan acknowledges the applause after speaking to an audience in front of the Brandenburg Gate in Berlin. Beside Reagan are the President of the German Parliament Philipp Jenninger, left, and Germany's Chancellor Helmut Kohl, right. The U.S. Embassy in Berlin is unveiling the statue of Ronald Reagan as a tribute to the 30th anniversary of the fall of the Berlin Wall. The larger-than-life statue is being installed Friday atop the embassy's terrace, at eye-level with the landmark Brandenburg Gate in downtown Berlin. (AP PHOTO/Ira Schwartz, File)
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A young West German craves into the Berlin Wall with a rock on Nov. 19, 1989. (Photo: Michael Urban/Reuters)
An East Berlin border guard hands a flower back to West Berlin citizens who are sitting atop the Berlin Wall in front of the Brandenburg Gate. Other West Berlin citizens mingle with border guards on the East Berlin side on Nov. 9, 1989. (Photo: Reuters)
West Germans applaud as East Berlin citizens travel through Checkpoint Charlie, at the Berlin Wall, at the border of West Berlin, West Germany on Nov. 10, 1989. (Photo: Reuters)
West Berliners welcome an East Berlin citizen crossing the border at the Allied checkpoint Charlie after the opening of the East German border was announced in this Nov. 9, 1989. (Photo: Fabrizio Bensch/Reuters)
An East German border soldier looks at a man hammering a section of the Berlin Wall near the Allied checkpoint Charlie on June 2, 1990. (Photo: Fabrizio Bensch/Reuters)
An East German bulldozer and crane knock down the Berlin Wall at Potsdamer Platz to make way for a new border crossing in the dvided city in this Nov. 12, 1989. (Photo: Wolfgang Rattay/Reuters)
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The main commemoration is being held at Bernauer Strasse, where one of the last parts of the Berlin Wall that divided the city for 28 years still stands.
Light installations, concerts and public debates are also being held throughout the city and other parts of Germany to mark the anniversary.