Queen dragged into constitutional row as she approves plan to suspend Parliament

The Queen has been dragged into Westminster's bitter Brexit battle after Boris Johnson asked her to suspend Parliament for more than a month.

The Prime Minister will temporarily close down the Commons from the second week of September until October 14 when there will be a Queen's Speech to open a new session of Parliament.

The Queen approved the order on Wednesday afternoon to prorogue Parliament no earlier than September 9 and no later than September 12, until October 14.

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LONDON, ENGLAND - AUGUST 31: An anti-Brexit sign is hung back up after previously getting removed in Westminster on August 31, 2019 in London, England. Left-wing group Momentum and the People's Assembly are coordinating a series of "Stop The Coup" protests across the UK aimed at Boris Johnson and the UK government proroguing Parliament. (Photo by Chris Furlong/Getty Images)
Protesters taking part in the 'Let Us Vote' day of action, organised by Another Europe is Possible campaign group in central London to demonstrate against Prime Minister Boris Johnson's decision to suspend Parliament for up to five weeks before a Queen's Speech on October 14. (Photo by Rick Findler/PA Images via Getty Images)
Thousands of demonstrators gather outside Downing Street on 31 August, 2019 in London, England to take part in Stop the Coup protests against the prorogation of the UK Parliament. Hundreds of thousands of people across major cities in the UK are expected to join protests against Boris Johnson's plans to suspend parliament for five weeks ahead of a Queens Speech on 14 October, which has limited the time available for MPs to legislate against a no-deal Brexit with the UK is set to leave the EU on the 31 October. (Photo by WIktor Szymanowicz/NurPhoto via Getty Images)
Thousands of demonstrators gather outside Downing Street on 31 August, 2019 in London, England to take part in Stop the Coup protests against the prorogation of the UK Parliament. Hundreds of thousands of people across major cities in the UK are expected to join protests against Boris Johnson's plans to suspend parliament for five weeks ahead of a Queens Speech on 14 October, which has limited the time available for MPs to legislate against a no-deal Brexit with the UK is set to leave the EU on the 31 October. (Photo by WIktor Szymanowicz/NurPhoto via Getty Images)
Thousands of demonstrators gather outside Downing Street on 31 August, 2019 in London, England to take part in Stop the Coup protests against the prorogation of the UK Parliament. Hundreds of thousands of people across major cities in the UK are expected to join protests against Boris Johnson's plans to suspend parliament for five weeks ahead of a Queens Speech on 14 October, which has limited the time available for MPs to legislate against a no-deal Brexit with the UK is set to leave the EU on the 31 October. (Photo by WIktor Szymanowicz/NurPhoto via Getty Images)
Thousands of demonstrators gather outside Downing Street on 31 August, 2019 in London, England to take part in Stop the Coup protests against the prorogation of the UK Parliament. Hundreds of thousands of people across major cities in the UK are expected to join protests against Boris Johnson's plans to suspend parliament for five weeks ahead of a Queens Speech on 14 October, which has limited the time available for MPs to legislate against a no-deal Brexit with the UK is set to leave the EU on the 31 October. (Photo by WIktor Szymanowicz/NurPhoto via Getty Images)
Protesters taking part in the 'Let Us Vote' day of action, organised by Another Europe is Possible campaign group in central London to demonstrate against Prime Minister Boris Johnson's decision to suspend Parliament for up to five weeks before a Queen's Speech on October 14. (Photo by Rick Findler/PA Images via Getty Images)
Thousands of demonstrators gather outside Downing Street on 31 August, 2019 in London, England to take part in Stop the Coup protests against the prorogation of the UK Parliament. Hundreds of thousands of people across major cities in the UK are expected to join protests against Boris Johnson's plans to suspend parliament for five weeks ahead of a Queens Speech on 14 October, which has limited the time available for MPs to legislate against a no-deal Brexit with the UK is set to leave the EU on the 31 October. (Photo by WIktor Szymanowicz/NurPhoto via Getty Images)
Thousands of demonstrators gather outside Downing Street on 31 August, 2019 in London, England to take part in Stop the Coup protests against the prorogation of the UK Parliament. Hundreds of thousands of people across major cities in the UK are expected to join protests against Boris Johnson's plans to suspend parliament for five weeks ahead of a Queens Speech on 14 October, which has limited the time available for MPs to legislate against a no-deal Brexit with the UK is set to leave the EU on the 31 October. (Photo by WIktor Szymanowicz/NurPhoto via Getty Images)
Thousands of protestors demostrate in Whitehall protesting at Prime Minister Boris Johnson suspension of parliament on 31st August 2019 in London, United Kingdom. His plan to prorogue parliament to block the chance of MPs voting to prevent a No Deal Brexit has prompted an angry backlash from the public, MPs from both opposition parties and the ruling Conservative Party. (Photo by Mike Abrahamns / In Pictures via Getty Images)
Protesters taking part in the 'Let Us Vote' day of action, organised by Another Europe is Possible campaign group in central London to demonstrate against Prime Minister Boris Johnson's decision to suspend Parliament for up to five weeks before a Queen's Speech on October 14. (Photo by Rick Findler/PA Images via Getty Images)
Thousands of protestors demostrate in Whitehall protesting at Prime Minister Boris Johnson suspension of parliament on 31st August 2019 in London, United Kingdom. His plan to prorogue parliament to block the chance of MPs voting to prevent a No Deal Brexit has prompted an angry backlash from the public, MPs from both opposition parties and the ruling Conservative Party. (photo by Jenny Matthews/In Pictures via Getty Images)
Thousands of demonstrators gather outside Downing Street on 31 August, 2019 in London, England to take part in Stop the Coup protests against the prorogation of the UK Parliament. Hundreds of thousands of people across major cities in the UK are expected to join protests against Boris Johnson's plans to suspend parliament for five weeks ahead of a Queens Speech on 14 October, which has limited the time available for MPs to legislate against a no-deal Brexit with the UK is set to leave the EU on the 31 October. (Photo by WIktor Szymanowicz/NurPhoto via Getty Images)
Thousands of demonstrators gather outside Downing Street on 31 August, 2019 in London, England to take part in Stop the Coup protests against the prorogation of the UK Parliament. Hundreds of thousands of people across major cities in the UK are expected to join protests against Boris Johnson's plans to suspend parliament for five weeks ahead of a Queens Speech on 14 October, which has limited the time available for MPs to legislate against a no-deal Brexit with the UK is set to leave the EU on the 31 October. (Photo by WIktor Szymanowicz/NurPhoto via Getty Images)
Thousands of demonstrators gather outside Downing Street on 31 August, 2019 in London, England to take part in Stop the Coup protests against the prorogation of the UK Parliament. Hundreds of thousands of people across major cities in the UK are expected to join protests against Boris Johnson's plans to suspend parliament for five weeks ahead of a Queens Speech on 14 October, which has limited the time available for MPs to legislate against a no-deal Brexit with the UK is set to leave the EU on the 31 October. (Photo by WIktor Szymanowicz/NurPhoto via Getty Images)
Thousands of demonstrators gather outside Downing Street on 31 August, 2019 in London, England to take part in Stop the Coup protests against the prorogation of the UK Parliament. Hundreds of thousands of people across major cities in the UK are expected to join protests against Boris Johnson's plans to suspend parliament for five weeks ahead of a Queens Speech on 14 October, which has limited the time available for MPs to legislate against a no-deal Brexit with the UK is set to leave the EU on the 31 October. (Photo by WIktor Szymanowicz/NurPhoto via Getty Images)
An anti-Brexit demonstrator whirls an EU and Union Flag during a demonstration against the British government's move to suspend parliament in the final weeks before Brexit outside Downing Street in London on August 31, 2019. - Demonstrations, being dubbed "Stop The Coup" by organisers, were to be held across Britain on August 31 against Prime Minister Boris Johnson's move to suspend parliament in the final weeks before Brexit. The protests come ahead of an intense political week in which Johnson's opponents will seek to block the move in court and legislate against a no-deal departure from the European Union. (Photo by Niklas HALLE'N / AFP) (Photo credit should read NIKLAS HALLE'N/AFP/Getty Images)
Thousands of demonstrators gather outside Downing Street on 31 August, 2019 in London, England to take part in Stop the Coup protests against the prorogation of the UK Parliament. Hundreds of thousands of people across major cities in the UK are expected to join protests against Boris Johnson's plans to suspend parliament for five weeks ahead of a Queens Speech on 14 October, which has limited the time available for MPs to legislate against a no-deal Brexit with the UK is set to leave the EU on the 31 October. (Photo by WIktor Szymanowicz/NurPhoto via Getty Images)
Thousands of demonstrators gather outside Downing Street on 31 August, 2019 in London, England to take part in Stop the Coup protests against the prorogation of the UK Parliament. Hundreds of thousands of people across major cities in the UK are expected to join protests against Boris Johnson's plans to suspend parliament for five weeks ahead of a Queens Speech on 14 October, which has limited the time available for MPs to legislate against a no-deal Brexit with the UK is set to leave the EU on the 31 October. (Photo by WIktor Szymanowicz/NurPhoto via Getty Images)
A demonstrator flies a Scottish Saltire EU composite flag during a protest against the British government's move to suspend parliament in the final weeks before Brexit in Glasgow on August 31, 2019. - Demonstrations, being dubbed "Stop The Coup" by organisers, were to be held across Britain on August 31 against Prime Minister Boris Johnson's move to suspend parliament in the final weeks before Brexit. The protests come ahead of an intense political week in which Johnson's opponents will seek to block the move in court and legislate against a no-deal departure from the European Union. (Photo by Andy Buchanan / AFP) (Photo credit should read ANDY BUCHANAN/AFP/Getty Images)
Protesters taking part in the 'Let Us Vote' day of action, organised by Another Europe is Possible campaign group in central London to demonstrate against Prime Minister Boris Johnson's decision to suspend Parliament for up to five weeks before a Queen's Speech on October 14. (Photo by Rick Findler/PA Images via Getty Images)
Thousands of demonstrators gather outside Downing Street on 31 August, 2019 in London, England to take part in Stop the Coup protests against the prorogation of the UK Parliament. Hundreds of thousands of people across major cities in the UK are expected to join protests against Boris Johnson's plans to suspend parliament for five weeks ahead of a Queens Speech on 14 October, which has limited the time available for MPs to legislate against a no-deal Brexit with the UK is set to leave the EU on the 31 October. (Photo by WIktor Szymanowicz/NurPhoto via Getty Images)
With a reference to the English Civil War which saw King Charles suspending parliament then eventual;ly being executed, pro-EU Remain protesters march to 'Stop the Coup' in Whitehall, near Downing Street, at the end of a week that saw Prime Minister Boris Johnson ask Queen Elizabeth for permission to suspend (prorogue) the British Parliament during the final stages of his Brexit negotiations with the European Union, in Brussels, on 31st August 2019, in Westminster, London, England. (Photo by Richard Baker / In Pictures via Getty Images)
Protesters taking part in the 'Let Us Vote' day of action, organised by Another Europe is Possible campaign group in central London to demonstrate against Prime Minister Boris Johnson's decision to suspend Parliament for up to five weeks before a Queen's Speech on October 14. (Photo by Gareth Fuller/PA Images via Getty Images)
Shadow Home Secretary Diane Abbott speaks to thousands of demonstrators gathered outside Downing Street on 31 August, 2019 in London, England to take part in Stop the Coup protests against the prorogation of the UK Parliament. Hundreds of thousands of people across major cities in the UK are expected to join protests against Boris Johnson's plans to suspend parliament for five weeks ahead of a Queens Speech on 14 October, which has limited the time available for MPs to legislate against a no-deal Brexit with the UK is set to leave the EU on the 31 October. (Photo by WIktor Szymanowicz/NurPhoto via Getty Images)
Activists protest against Brexit and the British Parliament suspension in front of Brandenburg Gate in Berlin, Germany August 31, 2019. REUTERS/Axel Schmidt
A protester speaks to police officers in York during a demonstration against Prime Minister Boris Johnson's decision to suspend Parliament for up to five weeks before a Queen's Speech on October 14. (Photo by Danny Lawson/PA Images via Getty Images)
Protesters taking part in the 'Let Us Vote' day of action, organised by Another Europe is Possible campaign group in central London to demonstrate against Prime Minister Boris Johnson's decision to suspend Parliament for up to five weeks before a Queen's Speech on October 14. (Photo by Gareth Fuller/PA Images via Getty Images)
Protesters in York take part in a demonstration against Prime Minister Boris Johnson's decision to suspend Parliament for up to five weeks before a Queen's Speech on October 14. (Photo by Danny Lawson/PA Images via Getty Images)
Protesters taking part in the 'Let Us Vote' day of action, organised by Another Europe is Possible campaign group in central London to demonstrate against Prime Minister Boris Johnson's decision to suspend Parliament for up to five weeks before a Queen's Speech on October 14. (Photo by Gareth Fuller/PA Images via Getty Images)
GLASGOW, SCOTLAND - AUGUST 31: Labour leader Jeremy Corbyn attends a campaign day at the Alive and Kicking Project building in Glasgow to speak about opposition against Boris Johnson and the UK government proroguing Parliament on August 31, 2019 in Glasgow, United Kingdom. Demonstrations and protests have already taken place and are planned across the country against Boris Johnson and a no-deal Brexit after the Prime Minister announced he would seek an extended suspension of Parliament ahead of a Queen’s speech on October 14. (Photo by Ian Forsyth/Getty Images)
Anti-Brexit protestors demonstrate at Whitehall in London, Britain, August 31, 2019. REUTERS/Peter Nicholls
Britain's Prime Minister Boris Johnson takes questions from young people aged 9-14 during an event inside 10 Downing Street in London on August 30, 2019 ahead of an education announcement. - British Prime Minister Boris Johnson on August 30 warned any attempt by MPs next week to stop Brexit or delay it beyond October 31 would do "lasting damage" to public trust in politics. (Photo by JEREMY SELWYN / POOL / AFP) (Photo credit should read JEREMY SELWYN/AFP/Getty Images)
French Minister of Public Action and Accounts Gerald Darmanin (C) shakes hands with Britain's Chancellor of the Duchy of Lancaster Michael Gove (L) in the northern French port of Calais on August 30, 2019. (Photo by DENIS CHARLET / AFP) (Photo credit should read DENIS CHARLET/AFP/Getty Images)
Pro-EU demonstrators outside the Court of Session in Edinburgh where Lord Doherty denied a bid by parliamentarians for an interim interdict through the Scottish legal system that would have prevented the UK Parliament being suspended.
Brexit protesters in Westminster, London.
A Brexit protester in Westminster, London.
Demonstrators gather outside Cabinet Office waving Union and EU flags to protest against the Parliament suspension, Central London on August 29, 2019. Parliament will be suspended just days after MPs return to work in September - and only a few weeks before the Brexit deadline. (Photo by Alberto Pezzali/NurPhoto via Getty Images)
Anti Brexit campaigner Gina Miller leaves Millbank in Westminster, London.
Leader of the Scottish Conservatives Ruth Davidson during a press conference at Holyrood Hotel in Edinburgh, following her announcement that she has resigned as leader of the Scottish Conservatives, saying holding the post had been the "privilege of my life".
British Steel union representatives show placards as Demonstrators gather outside Cabinet Office waving Union and EU flags to protest against the Parliament suspension, Central London on August 29, 2019. Parliament will be suspended just days after MPs return to work in September - and only a few weeks before the Brexit deadline. (Photo by Alberto Pezzali/NurPhoto via Getty Images)
Police attempt to move protestors from the streets around Parliament Square
Anti-Brexit activists hold Union and EU flags as they demonstrate opposite the Houses of Parliament in Westminster, London on August 29, 2019. - Prime Minister Boris Johnson's suspension of parliament weeks before Britain's EU departure date faced legal challenges on Thursday following a furious outcry from pro-Europeans and MPs opposed to a no-deal Brexit. (Photo by DANIEL LEAL-OLIVAS / AFP) (Photo credit should read DANIEL LEAL-OLIVAS/AFP/Getty Images)
Hundreds of people are seen protesting against Boris Johnson outside the houses of parliament on Westminster bridge
Hundreds of people are seen protesting against Boris Johnson outside the houses of parliament on Westminster bridge
A woman is seen with a flare on westminster bridge outside the houses of parliament where hundreds of people are seen protesting against Boris Johnson
Police prepare to control the protesters and clear traffic from Parliament Square where hundreds of people had gathered to protest against Boris Johnson
Kayden, 11, waves an EU flag and Union Jack in front of a line of police officers outside Downing Street, London, to demonstrate against Prime Minister Boris Johnson temporarily closing down the Commons from the second week of September until October 14 when there will be a Queen's Speech to open a new session of Parliament.
Shadow home secretary Diane Abbott addresses protesters outside the Houses of Parliament, London, to demonstrate against Prime Minister Boris Johnson temporarily closing down the Commons from the second week of September until October 14 when there will be a Queen's Speech to open a new session of Parliament.
Protestors from Another Europe is Possible outside the Houses of Parliament, London, to demonstrate against Prime Minister Boris Johnson temporarily closing down the Commons from the second week of September until October 14 when there will be a Queen's Speech to open a new session of Parliament.
On the day that British Prime Minister Boris Johnson sought to have Parliament suspended by Queen Elizabeth, days after MPs return to work in September - and only a few weeks before the Brexit deadline, Leave voters protest with their We Want Our Country Back banners opposite the Cabinet Office where daily Brexit contingency planning meetings take place, on 28th August 2019, in Whitehall, Westminster, London, England. (Photo by Richard Baker / In Pictures via Getty Images)
A man in a giant Boris Johnson 'head' digs a grave at the foot of a pretend tombstone outside Downing Street in London, Wednesday, Aug. 28, 2019. Britain's Queen Elizabeth II has approved the U.K. government's request to suspend Parliament amid a growing crisis over Brexit. Prime Minister Boris Johnson spoke to the queen on Wednesday to request an end to the current Parliament session in September.(AP Photo/Kirsty Wigglesworth)
Anti-Brexit supporters wave flags and hold signs near the Houses of Parliament in central London, Wednesday, Aug. 28, 2019. British Prime Minister Boris Johnson asked Queen Elizabeth II on Wednesday to suspend Parliament, throwing down the gauntlet to his critics and causing outrage among opposition leaders who will have even less time to thwart a no-deal Brexit. (AP Photo/Matt Dunham)
The Houses of Parliament are seem, with a Union Jack flag in the foreground, in central London, Wednesday, Aug. 28, 2019. British Prime Minister Boris Johnson asked Queen Elizabeth II on Wednesday to suspend Parliament, throwing down the gauntlet to his critics and causing outrage among opposition leaders who will have even less time to thwart a no-deal Brexit. (AP Photo/Matt Dunham)
A protestor with a mask of Britain's Prime Minister Boris Johnson demonstrates outside Downing Street in London, Wednesday, Aug. 28, 2019. Prime Minister Johnson has written to fellow lawmakers explaining his decision to ask Queen Elizabeth II to suspend Parliament as part of the government plans before the Brexit split from Europe. (AP Photo/Frank Augstein)
Members of the anti-Briexit Our Future, Our Choice (OFOC) a youth movement supporting a People's Vote on the Brexit deal, demonstrate outside the gates to Downing Street in central London on August 28, 2019. - British Prime Minister Boris Johnson announced Wednesday that the suspension of parliament would be extended until October 14 -- just two weeks before the UK is set to leave the EU -- enraging anti-Brexit MPs. MPs will return to London later than in recent years, giving pro-EU lawmakers less time than expected to thwart Johnson's Brexit plans before Britain is due to leave the European Union on October 31. (Photo by DANIEL LEAL-OLIVAS / AFP) (Photo credit should read DANIEL LEAL-OLIVAS/AFP/Getty Images)
An demonstrator, wearing a mask depicting Britain's Prime Minister Boris Johnson, and a mock gravestone inscribed with the words "RIP British Democracy" protests outside the gates to Downing Street in central London on August 28, 2019. - British Prime Minister Boris Johnson announced Wednesday that the suspension of parliament would be extended until October 14 -- just two weeks before the UK is set to leave the EU -- enraging anti-Brexit MPs. MPs will return to London later than in recent years, giving pro-EU lawmakers less time than expected to thwart Johnson's Brexit plans before Britain is due to leave the European Union on October 31. (Photo by DANIEL LEAL-OLIVAS / AFP) (Photo credit should read DANIEL LEAL-OLIVAS/AFP/Getty Images)
Police outside the gates of Balmoral Castle where the Privy Council are expected to meet with Queen Elizabeth II following the request from Prime Minister Boris Johnson to end the current parliamentary session and hold the Queen's speech on Monday 14 October. (Photo by Andrew Milligan/PA Images via Getty Images)
A picture taken from the street looking through the open door of 11 Downing Street in central London on August 28, 2019 shows Britain's Chancellor of the Exchequer Sajid Javid (L) inside 11 Downing Street. - British Prime Minister Boris Johnson announced Wednesday that the suspension of parliament would be extended until October 14 -- just two weeks before the UK is set to leave the EU -- enraging anti-Brexit MPs. (Photo by DANIEL LEAL-OLIVAS / AFP) (Photo credit should read DANIEL LEAL-OLIVAS/AFP/Getty Images)
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Opposition leaders have written to the monarch in protest and Commons Speaker John Bercow said the move was a "constitutional outrage" designed to stop Parliament debating Brexit.

Mr Johnson spoke to the Queen on Wednesday morning to request an end to the current parliamentary session – a process known as prorogation.

Labour leader Jeremy Corbyn said he "protested in the strongest possible terms on behalf of my party" in a letter to the Queen and called for a meeting alongside other opposition members of the Privy Council.

Liberal Democrat leader Jo Swinson also wrote to the monarch "to express my concern at Boris Johnson's anti-democratic plan to shut down Parliament".

Mr Bercow – who has repeatedly angered Tory MPs over his approach to Brexit matters in the Commons – interrupted his holiday to launch a tirade against the Prime Minister.

"However it is dressed up, it is blindingly obvious that the purpose of prorogation now would be to stop Parliament debating Brexit and performing its duty in shaping a course for the country," Mr Bercow said.

Opposition leaders led by Mr Corbyn agreed at a meeting on Tuesday to use the moment when Parliament returns from its summer break on September 3 to work together on a new law to prevent a no-deal Brexit in response to the Prime Minister's promise to take the UK out of the European Union on October 31, with or without an agreement.

Mr Corbyn accused Mr Johnson of a "smash-and-grab on our democracy in order to force through a no-deal exit from the European Union".

Countdown to leaving the EU
(PA Graphics)

He said: "When Parliament does meet – on his timetable very briefly next week – the first thing we will do is to try and legislate and to prevent what he is doing.

"And secondly to challenge him in a motion of confidence at some point."

The Prime Minister said it was "completely untrue" to suggest that Brexit was the reason for his decision, insisting that he needed a Queen's Speech to set out a "very exciting agenda" of domestic policy.

Mr Johnson also denied the move was to pave the way for an early general election.

But he said it would allow him to bring forward legislation for a new Withdrawal Agreement if a deal can be done with Brussels around the time of the European Council summit on October 17.

"There will be ample time on both sides of that crucial October 17 summit, ample time in Parliament for MPs to debate the EU, to debate Brexit, and all the other issues," Mr Johnson said.

The Commons was expected to sit in the first two weeks of September and then break for the conference recess – although MPs had been planning to vote against leaving Westminster for the autumn party gatherings in late September and early October to allow more time to consider Brexit.

Mr Johnson's move will now ensure that the Commons is not sitting during the period and MPs will return on the day of the Queen's Speech.

In a message to MPs, the Prime Minister said EU leaders were watching their actions and "it is only by showing unity and resolve that we stand a chance of securing a new deal that can be passed by Parliament".

But there was little sign of unity as critics of Mr Johnson's approach tore into him, with claims of a "very British coup" from shadow chancellor John McDonnell and demands for people to "take to the streets" from Labour frontbencher Clive Lewis.

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G7: Boris Johnson's first steps on to the world stage as PM
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G7: Boris Johnson's first steps on to the world stage as PM
BIARRITZ, FRANCE - AUGUST 25: U.S. President Donald Trump and Britain's Prime Minister Boris Johnson arrive for a bilateral meeting during the G7 summit on August 25, 2019 in Biarritz, France. The French southwestern seaside resort of Biarritz is hosting the 45th G7 summit from August 24 to 26. High on the agenda will be the climate emergency, the US-China trade war, Britain's departure from the EU, and emergency talks on the Amazon wildfire crisis. (Photo by Stefan Rousseau - Pool/Getty Images)
BIARRITZ, FRANCE - AUGUST 25: U.S. President Donald Trump and Britain's Prime Minister Boris Johnson arrive for a bilateral meeting during the G7 summit on August 25, 2019 in Biarritz, France. The French southwestern seaside resort of Biarritz is hosting the 45th G7 summit from August 24 to 26. High on the agenda will be the climate emergency, the US-China trade war, Britain's departure from the EU, and emergency talks on the Amazon wildfire crisis. (Photo by Stefan Rousseau - Pool/Getty Images)
BIARRITZ, FRANCE - AUGUST 25: Britain's Prime Minister Boris Johnson and European Council President Donald Tusk meet for the first working session of the G7 Summit on August 25, 2019 in Biarritz, France. The French southwestern seaside resort of Biarritz is hosting the 45th G7 summit from August 24 to 26. High on the agenda will be the climate emergency, the US-China trade war, Britain's departure from the EU, and emergency talks on the Amazon wildfire crisis. (Photo by Jeff J Mitchell - Pool /Getty Images)
BIARRITZ, FRANCE - AUGUST 25: Britain's Prime Minister, Boris Johnson meets with President of the European Council, Donald Tusk at the G7 summit on August 25, 2019 in Biarritz, France. The French southwestern seaside resort of Biarritz is hosting the 45th G7 summit from August 24 to 26. High on the agenda will be the climate emergency, the US-China trade war, Britain's departure from the EU, and emergency talks on the Amazon wildfire crisis. (Photo by Andrew Parsons - Pool/Getty Images)
BIARRITZ, FRANCE - AUGUST 25: Britain's Prime Minister Boris Johnson (R) meets European Union Council President Donald Tusk (L) at a bilateral meeting during the G7 summit on August 25, 2019 in Biarritz, France. The French southwestern seaside resort of Biarritz is hosting the 45th G7 summit from August 24 to 26. High on the agenda will be the climate emergency, the US-China trade war, Britain's departure from the EU, and emergency talks on the Amazon wildfire crisis. (Photo by Neil Hall - Pool/Getty Images)
Britain's Prime Minister Boris Johnson gestures ahead of a working session on World Economy and Trade on the second day of the G-7 summit in Biarritz, France Sunday, Aug. 25, 2019. (AP Photo/Markus Schreiber)
U.S. President Donald Trump, left, and Britain's Prime Minister Boris Johnson attend a working breakfast at the Hotel du Palais on the sidelines of the G-7 summit in Biarritz, France, Sunday, Aug. 25, 2019. (AP Photo/Andrew Harnik)
British Prime Minister Boris Johnson arrives at the Bellevue Palace in Biarritz, south-west France for lunch on August 25, 2019, on the second day of the annual G7 Summit attended by the leaders of the world's seven richest democracies, Britain, Canada, France, Germany, Italy, Japan and the United States. (Photo by Ludovic MARIN / POOL / AFP) (Photo credit should read LUDOVIC MARIN/AFP/Getty Images)
BIARRITZ, FRANCE - AUGUST 24: British Prime Minister Boris Johnson attends a working session on "G7 Partnership with Africa" during the G7 summit on August 24, 2019 in Biarritz, France. The French southwestern seaside resort of Biarritz is hosting the 45th G7 summit from August 24 to 26. High on the agenda will be the climate emergency, the US-China trade war, Britain's departure from the EU, and emergency talks on the Amazon wildfire crisis. (Photo by Dylan Martinez - Pool/Getty Images)
British Prime Minister Boris Johnson arrives with Foreign Office Head of Operations Shelley Williams-Walker at the Bellevue Palace in Biarritz, south-west France for lunch on August 25, 2019, on the second day of the annual G7 Summit attended by the leaders of the world's seven richest democracies, Britain, Canada, France, Germany, Italy, Japan and the United States. (Photo by Ludovic MARIN / POOL / AFP) (Photo credit should read LUDOVIC MARIN/AFP/Getty Images)
BIARRITZ, FRANCE - AUGUST 25: Britain's Prime Minister Boris Johnson (R) meets European Union Council President Donald Tusk (L) at a bilateral meeting during the G7 summit on August 25, 2019 in Biarritz, France. The French southwestern seaside resort of Biarritz is hosting the 45th G7 summit from August 24 to 26. High on the agenda will be the climate emergency, the US-China trade war, Britain's departure from the EU, and emergency talks on the Amazon wildfire crisis. (Photo by Neil Hall - Pool/Getty Images)
BIARRITZ, FRANCE - AUGUST 25: Britain's Prime Minister, Boris Johnson meets with President of the European Council, Donald Tusk at the G7 summit on August 25, 2019 in Biarritz, France. The French southwestern seaside resort of Biarritz is hosting the 45th G7 summit from August 24 to 26. High on the agenda will be the climate emergency, the US-China trade war, Britain's departure from the EU, and emergency talks on the Amazon wildfire crisis. (Photo by Andrew Parsons - Pool/Getty Images)
BIARRITZ, FRANCE - AUGUST 25: Britain's Prime Minister Boris Johnson (R) meets European Union Council President Donald Tusk (L) at a bilateral meeting during the G7 summit on August 25, 2019 in Biarritz, France. The French southwestern seaside resort of Biarritz is hosting the 45th G7 summit from August 24 to 26. High on the agenda will be the climate emergency, the US-China trade war, Britain's departure from the EU, and emergency talks on the Amazon wildfire crisis. (Photo by Neil Hall - Pool/Getty Images)
BIARRITZ, FRANCE - AUGUST 25: Britain's Prime Minister Boris Johnson participates in a TV interview ahead of bilateral meetings as part of the G7 summit on August 25, 2019 in Biarritz, France. The French southwestern seaside resort of Biarritz is hosting the 45th G7 summit from August 24 to 26. High on the agenda will be the climate emergency, the US-China trade war, Britain's departure from the EU, and emergency talks on the Amazon wildfire crisis. (Photo by Neil Hall - Pool/Getty Images)
Britain's Prime Minister Boris Johnson (R) speaks flanked by Canada's Prime Minister Justin Trudeau (L) during a working session on "International Economy and Trade, and International Security Agenda" in Biarritz, south-west France on August 25, 2019, on the second day of the annual G7 Summit attended by the leaders of the world's seven richest democracies, Britain, Canada, France, Germany, Italy, Japan and the United States. (Photo by Andrew Harnik / POOL / AFP) (Photo credit should read ANDREW HARNIK/AFP/Getty Images)
(L-R) European Council President Donald Tusk, Italy's Prime Minister Giuseppe Conte, Britain's Prime Minister Boris Johnson, Japan's Prime Minister Shinzo Abe, US President Donald Trump, Canada's Prime Minister Justin Trudeau, France's President Emmanuel Macron and Germany's Chancellor Angela Merkel attend a working session on "International Economy and Trade, and International Security Agenda" in Biarritz, south-west France on August 25, 2019, on the second day of the annual G7 Summit attended by the leaders of the world's seven richest democracies, Britain, Canada, France, Germany, Italy, Japan and the United States. (Photo by Andrew Harnik / POOL / AFP) (Photo credit should read ANDREW HARNIK/AFP/Getty Images)
BIARRITZ, FRANCE - AUGUST 25: Britain's Prime Minister Boris Johnson attends the first working session of the G7 Summit on August 25, 2019 in Biarritz, France. The French southwestern seaside resort of Biarritz is hosting the 45th G7 summit from August 24 to 26. High on the agenda will be the climate emergency, the US-China trade war, Britain's departure from the EU, and emergency talks on the Amazon wildfire crisis. (Photo by Jeff J Mitchell - Pool /Getty Images)
BIARRITZ, FRANCE - AUGUST 25: Britain's Prime Minister Boris Johnson attends the first working session of the G7 Summit on August 25, 2019 in Biarritz, France. The French southwestern seaside resort of Biarritz is hosting the 45th G7 summit from August 24 to 26. High on the agenda will be the climate emergency, the US-China trade war, Britain's departure from the EU, and emergency talks on the Amazon wildfire crisis. (Photo by Jeff J Mitchell - Pool /Getty Images)
BIARRITZ, FRANCE - AUGUST 25: U.S. President Donald Trump and Britain's Prime Minister Boris Johnson attend a bilateral meeting during the G7 summit on August 25, 2019 in Biarritz, France. The French southwestern seaside resort of Biarritz is hosting the 45th G7 summit from August 24 to 26. High on the agenda will be the climate emergency, the US-China trade war, Britain's departure from the EU, and emergency talks on the Amazon wildfire crisis. (Photo by Stefan Rousseau - Pool/Getty Images)
BIARRITZ, FRANCE - AUGUST 25: U.S. President Donald Trump and Britain's Prime Minister Boris Johnson attend a bilateral meeting during the G7 summit on August 25, 2019 in Biarritz, France. The French southwestern seaside resort of Biarritz is hosting the 45th G7 summit from August 24 to 26. High on the agenda will be the climate emergency, the US-China trade war, Britain's departure from the EU, and emergency talks on the Amazon wildfire crisis. (Photo by Dylan Martinez - Pool/Getty Images)
British Prime Minister Boris Johnson disembarks a plane as he arrives as Biarritz Pays Basque Airport for the G7 summit on August 24, 2019 in Biarritz, France. The French southwestern seaside resort of Biarritz is hosting the 45th G7 summit from August 24 to 26. High on the agenda will be the climate emergency, the US-China trade war, Britain's departure from the EU, and emergency talks on the Amazon wildfire crisis.(Photo by Adrià Salido Zarco/NurPhoto via Getty Images)
British Prime Minister Boris Johnson disembarks a plane as he arrives as Biarritz Pays Basque Airport for the G7 summit on August 24, 2019 in Biarritz, France. The French southwestern seaside resort of Biarritz is hosting the 45th G7 summit from August 24 to 26. High on the agenda will be the climate emergency, the US-China trade war, Britain's departure from the EU, and emergency talks on the Amazon wildfire crisis. (Photo by Adrià Salido Zarco/NurPhoto via Getty Images)
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Prominent figures on the Conservative benches were quick to express their deep concern about the approach Mr Johnson was taking.

Former chancellor Philip Hammond said: "It would be a constitutional outrage if Parliament were prevented from holding the Government to account at a time of national crisis. Profoundly undemocratic."

Ex-justice secretary David Gauke said it was a "a dangerous precedent".

Former attorney general Dominic Grieve told the PA news agency he would be prepared to vote to bring down Mr Johnson's Government to block a no-deal Brexit and "I think there are a number of colleagues who have said exactly the same thing".

Commons Leader Jacob Rees-Mogg, Lords Leader Baroness Evans and Chief Whip Mark Spencer were sent to Balmoral for a Privy Council meeting with the Queen to approve the timetable.

Parliament will be suspended no earlier than September 9 and no later than September 12 until October 14.

MPs hit out at the position Mr Johnson had put the Queen in.

Senior Labour MP Yvette Cooper said he was "trying to use the Queen to concentrate power in his own hands" while fellow ex-Cabinet minister Ben Bradshaw said the move would "drag the monarch into an unprecedented constitutional crisis".

Scottish First Minister Nicola Sturgeon said: "Unless MPs come together to stop him next week, today will go down in history as a dark one indeed for UK democracy."

The announcement of the Queen's Speech came after Chancellor Sajid Javid fuelled speculation about an early election by bringing forward the date of the spending round which is expected to include crowd-pleasing funding boosts for schools and hospitals.

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