How will travelling between the UK and EU change if there is a no-deal Brexit?

The European Commission has published advice on travelling between the UK and the EU in the event of a no-deal Brexit. Here is what will change.

Will there be additional border checks?

UK citizens travelling to the EU will face extra border checks. Guards may ask travellers for information including the duration and purpose of their trip, as well as an explanation of how they intend to support themselves while in the bloc.

To cross the border UK citizens will need a passport issued within 10 years preceding the date of travel which also remains valid for three months after the planned trip is over.

The Commission has proposed that UK nationals will be able to travel visa-free for trips to the EU of up to 90 days in a 180-day period, provided the UK allows EU citizens to do the same.

The UK has announced that EU citizens can travel to the UK without a visa for visits of up to three months.

Will luggage be subject to additional customs checks?

The EU will impose customs checks on those entering the bloc from the UK and travellers will not be allowed to carry some goods across the border.

Meat, cheese, milk, plants, plant products and some animals will not be allowed into the EU from the UK, as well as cash exceeding 10,000 euro.

The UK may apply similar customs checks on EU citizens.

Those travelling from the UK to the EU will be entitled to duty free allowances.

Will there be access to healthcare when travelling?

Healthcare access using the European Health Insurance Card for both UK citizens in the EU and EU citizens in the UK will no longer be available in the event of a no-deal Brexit. The Commission advises people consider taking out private travel insurance.

Will UK and EU driving licences remain valid?

EU countries decide which international driving licences to recognise at national level. UK citizens planning on driving in the EU should check the rules in the member state they are travelling to as some will require you to hold an international permit.

Drivers will continue to be able to travel using a valid EU driving licence in the UK.

Will pets be able to travel between the UK and EU?

Pets travelling from the UK to the EU must be chipped, vaccinated against rabies, tested for rabies, comply with rules on infections and diseases and be accompanied by identification documents.

Those bringing pets from the EU to the UK should check restrictions and may need to provide a pet passport or an animal health certificate.

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'One million' march in anti-Brexit protest
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'One million' march in anti-Brexit protest
Delia Smith joins with anti-Brexit campaigners as they take part in the People's Vote March in London. (Photo by Yui Mok/PA Images via Getty Images)
Richard Bacon and Mariella Frostrup address anti-Brexit campaigners in Parliament Square as they take part in the People's Vote March in London. (Photo by Yui Mok/PA Images via Getty Images)
LONDON, UNITED KINGDOM - MARCH 23: Anti Brexit activists stage a demonstration demanding a new referendum on the issue in London, United Kingdom on March 23, 2019. (Photo by Tayfun Salci/Anadolu Agency/Getty Images)
Anti-Brexit campaigners take part in the People's Vote March in London. (Photo by Aaron Chown/PA Images via Getty Images)
Anti-Brexit campaigners take part in the People's Vote March in London. (Photo by Aaron Chown/PA Images via Getty Images)
NOTE LANGUAGE ON PLACARDS Anti-Brexit campaigners take part in the People's Vote March in London. (Photo by Aaron Chown/PA Images via Getty Images)
LONDON, UNITED KINGDOM - MARCH 23: Anti Brexit activists stage a demonstration demanding a new referendum on the issue in London, United Kingdom on March 23, 2019. (Photo by Tayfun Salci/Anadolu Agency/Getty Images)
LONDON, UNITED KINGDOM - MARCH 23: Protesters take part in the Put It To The People March on Whitehall on March 23, 2019 in London, England. Thousands of protesters gathered in central London to take part in the Put It To The People March, organised by the People’s Vote campaign, from Park Lane to Parliament Square, calling for a public vote on the Government’s final Brexit deal. (Photo by Dan Kitwood/Getty Images)
LONDON, UNITED KINGDOM - MARCH 23: Anti Brexit activists stage a demonstration demanding a new referendum on the issue in London, United Kingdom on March 23, 2019. (Photo by Tayfun Salci/Anadolu Agency/Getty Images)
LONDON, UNITED KINGDOM - MARCH 23: Anti Brexit activists stage a demonstration demanding a new referendum on the issue in London, United Kingdom on March 23, 2019. (Photo by Tayfun Salci/Anadolu Agency/Getty Images)
LONDON, UNITED KINGDOM - MARCH 23: Anti Brexit activists stage a demonstration demanding a new referendum on the issue in London, United Kingdom on March 23, 2019. (Photo by Tayfun Salci/Anadolu Agency/Getty Images)
LONDON, UNITED KINGDOM - MARCH 23: Anti Brexit activists stage a demonstration demanding a new referendum on the issue in London, United Kingdom on March 23, 2019. (Photo by Tayfun Salci/Anadolu Agency/Getty Images)
LONDON, UNITED KINGDOM - MARCH 23: Protesters take part in the Put It To The People March on Whitehall on March 23, 2019 in London, England. Thousands of protesters gathered in central London to take part in the Put It To The People March, organised by the People’s Vote campaign, from Park Lane to Parliament Square, calling for a public vote on the Government’s final Brexit deal. (Photo by Dan Kitwood/Getty Images)
LONDON, UNITED KINGDOM - MARCH 23: Anti Brexit activists stage a demonstration demanding a new referendum on the issue in London, United Kingdom on March 23, 2019. (Photo by Tayfun Salci/Anadolu Agency/Getty Images)
People hold up a heart-shaped European flag placard as they attend a march and rally organised by the pro-European People's Vote campaign for a second EU referendum in central London on March 23, 2019. - Hundreds of thousands of pro-Europeans from across Britain were expected to march through London on Saturday calling for another referendum on EU membership with the country mired in political paralysis over Brexit. (Photo by Isabel INFANTES / AFP) (Photo credit should read ISABEL INFANTES/AFP/Getty Images)
Demonstrators carry a placard depicting Theresa May, U.K prime minister, and European Union flags as they march during the anti-Brexit People's Vote rally in London, U.K., on Saturday, March 23, 2019. The campaign to give U.K. citizens a vote on U.K. Prime Minister Theresa May's Brexit deal, twice defeated by Parliament, holds the rally after European Union leaders gave May an extra two weeks to work out what to do. Photographer: Luke MacGregor/Bloomberg via Getty Images
Demonstrators carry placards and European Union flags as they march during the anti-Brexit People's Vote rally in London, U.K., on Saturday, March 23, 2019. The campaign to give U.K. citizens a vote on U.K. Prime Minister Theresa May's Brexit deal, twice defeated by Parliament, holds the rally after European Union leaders gave May an extra two weeks to work out what to do. Photographer: Luke MacGregor/Bloomberg via Getty Images
Demonstrators carry placards and banners as they march during the anti-Brexit People's Vote rally in London, U.K., on Saturday, March 23, 2019. The campaign to give U.K. citizens a vote on U.K. Prime Minister Theresa May's Brexit deal, twice defeated by Parliament, holds the rally after European Union leaders gave May an extra two weeks to work out what to do. Photographer: Luke MacGregor/Bloomberg via Getty Images
People hold up placards and European flags as they attend a march and rally organised by the pro-European People's Vote campaign for a second EU referendum in central London on March 23, 2019. - Hundreds of thousands of pro-Europeans from across Britain were expected to march through London on Saturday calling for another referendum on EU membership with the country mired in political paralysis over Brexit. (Photo by Isabel INFANTES / AFP) (Photo credit should read ISABEL INFANTES/AFP/Getty Images)
People hold up placards and European flags as they attend a march and rally organised by the pro-European People's Vote campaign for a second EU referendum in central London on March 23, 2019. - Hundreds of thousands of pro-Europeans from across Britain were expected to march through London on Saturday calling for another referendum on EU membership with the country mired in political paralysis over Brexit. (Photo by Isabel INFANTES / AFP) (Photo credit should read ISABEL INFANTES/AFP/Getty Images)
People hold up placards and European flags as they attend a march and rally organised by the pro-European People's Vote campaign for a second EU referendum in central London on March 23, 2019. - Hundreds of thousands of pro-Europeans from across Britain were expected to march through London on Saturday calling for another referendum on EU membership with the country mired in political paralysis over Brexit. (Photo by Isabel INFANTES / AFP) (Photo credit should read ISABEL INFANTES/AFP/Getty Images)
People hold up placards and European flags as they attend a march and rally organised by the pro-European People's Vote campaign for a second EU referendum in central London on March 23, 2019. - Hundreds of thousands of pro-Europeans from across Britain were expected to march through London on Saturday calling for another referendum on EU membership with the country mired in political paralysis over Brexit. (Photo by Isabel INFANTES / AFP) (Photo credit should read ISABEL INFANTES/AFP/Getty Images)
People hold up placards and European flags as they attend a march and rally organised by the pro-European People's Vote campaign for a second EU referendum in central London on March 23, 2019. - Hundreds of thousands of pro-Europeans from across Britain were expected to march through London on Saturday calling for another referendum on EU membership with the country mired in political paralysis over Brexit. (Photo by Isabel INFANTES / AFP) (Photo credit should read ISABEL INFANTES/AFP/Getty Images)
Anti-Brexit campaigners take part in the People's Vote March in London. (Photo by Yui Mok/PA Images via Getty Images)
LONDON, ENGLAND - MARCH 23: Thousands of demonstrators take to the streets of London during the People’s Vote March on March 23, 2019 in London, England. Organised by the People’s Vote Campaign the rally brought thousands of people from all over the country to the march through the streets with campaigners calling for the final Brexit deal to be put to the people. (Photo by Ian Forsyth/Getty Images)
A puppet head of Britain's Prime Minister Theresa May spearing a representation of the British Economy is taken on a march and rally organised by the pro-European People's Vote campaign for a second EU referendum in central London on March 23, 2019. - Hundreds of thousands of pro-Europeans from across Britain were expected to march through London on Saturday calling for another referendum on EU membership with the country mired in political paralysis over Brexit. (Photo by Isabel INFANTES / AFP) (Photo credit should read ISABEL INFANTES/AFP/Getty Images)
People hold up placards and European flags as they pass Trafalgar Square on a march and rally organised by the pro-European People's Vote campaign for a second referendum in central London on March 23, 2019. - Hundreds of thousands of pro-Europeans from across Britain were expected to march through London on Saturday calling for another referendum on EU membership with the country mired in political paralysis over Brexit. (Photo by Isabel INFANTES / AFP) (Photo credit should read ISABEL INFANTES/AFP/Getty Images)
People hold up placards as they attend a march and rally organised by the pro-European People's Vote campaign for a second referendum in central London on March 23, 2019. - Hundreds of thousands of pro-Europeans from across Britain were expected to march through London on Saturday calling for another referendum on EU membership with the country mired in political paralysis over Brexit. (Photo by Niklas HALLE'N / AFP) (Photo credit should read NIKLAS HALLE'N/AFP/Getty Images)
A woman holds up a placard calling for 'remain' as she attends a march and rally organised by the pro-European People's Vote campaign for a second referendum in central London on March 23, 2019. - Hundreds of thousands of pro-Europeans from across Britain were expected to march through London on Saturday calling for another referendum on EU membership with the country mired in political paralysis over Brexit. (Photo by Niklas HALLE'N / AFP) (Photo credit should read NIKLAS HALLE'N/AFP/Getty Images)
Anti-Brexit campaigners take part in the People's Vote March in London. (Photo by Aaron Chown/PA Images via Getty Images)
EDITORS PLEASE NOTE LANGUAGE ON SIGNS. Anti-Brexit campaigners take part in the People's Vote March in London. (Photo by Yui Mok/PA Images via Getty Images)
Anti-Brexit campaigners take part in the People's Vote March in London. (Photo by Yui Mok/PA Images via Getty Images)
LONDON, UNITED KINGDOM - MARCH 23: Leader of the Liberal Democrats Sir Vince Cable MP (C) takes part in the Put It To The People March on March 23, 2019 in London, England. Thousands of protesters gathered in central London to take part in the Put It To The People March, organised by the People’s Vote campaign, from Park Lane to Parliament Square, calling for a public vote on the Government’s final Brexit deal. (Photo by Dan Kitwood/Getty Images)
A general view of Anti-Brexit campaigners as they take part in the People's Vote March in London. Picture credit should read: Matt Crossick/EMPICS
A general view of Anti-Brexit campaigners as they take part in the People's Vote March in London. Picture credit should read: Matt Crossick/EMPICS
EDITORS PLEASE NOTE LANGUAGE ON SIGNS. Anti-Brexit campaigners take part in the People's Vote March in London.
Anti-Brexit campaigners take part in the People's Vote March in London.
EU supporters, calling on the government to give Britons a vote on the final Brexit deal, participate in the 'People's Vote' march in central London, Britain March 23, 2019. REUTERS/Peter Nicholls
EU supporters, calling on the government to give Britons a vote on the final Brexit deal, participate in the 'People's Vote' march in central London, Britain March 23, 2019. REUTERS/Henry Nicholls
EU supporters, calling on the government to give Britons a vote on the final Brexit deal, participate in the 'People's Vote' march in central London, Britain March 23, 2019. REUTERS/Henry Nicholls
An EU supporter with the EU flag painted on her face, calling on the government to give Britons a vote on the final Brexit deal, participates in the 'People's Vote' march in central London, Britain March 23, 2019. REUTERS/Dylan Martinez
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Will EU mobile data roaming laws continue to apply?

Companies will no longer be bound by EU restrictions on roaming fees for mobile calls, texts or data. UK citizens in the EU may be subject to a surcharge when using phones, and vice versa.

Will those travelling from the UK be entitled to VAT refunds on goods bought inside the EU?

Visitors from outside the EU can get a refund of VAT paid on goods purchased during a visit to the bloc. UK citizens must present the goods along with VAT refund documents when they are leaving the EU.

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