The Prime Minister has been urged not to forget human rights issues as she jets off to China at the head of a business delegation on a mission to bang the drum for post-Brexit investment in the UK.
Speaking ahead of her departure on Tuesday, Mrs May said her trip would intensify the "golden era" in China-UK relations following President Xi Jinping's state visit to Britain in 2015.
Some 50 business figures flying with the PM include chief executives of major exporters such as Jaguar Land Rover, AstraZeneca and BP as well as small firms from across the UK and representatives of universities including Manchester and Liverpool.
Mrs May is joined for the three-day visit to Wuhan, Beijing and Shanghai by her husband Philip, only the second time he has accompanied his wife on an official trip overseas.
In face-to-face talks with President Xi and Premier Li Keqiang, Mrs May will discuss the stand-off over China's nuclear-armed neighbour North Korea and call for closer co-operation to address global challenges.
But with eurosceptics in her Cabinet viewing Brexit as an opportunity to increase exports to China and investment in the UK, the focus of the trip will be boosting business links.
"There are huge trade opportunities in China that we want to help British businesses take advantage of," said Mrs May.
"That is why I'm taking a large multi-sector business delegation with me, representing all corners of the UK and sectors in which the UK excels.
"My visit will intensify the `Golden Era' in UK-China relations. The depth of our relationship means we can have frank discussions on all issues."
Mrs May said the relationship was already "broad and deep" and delivered "real benefits for both countries". British exports are up 60% since 2010 and China is expected to be one of the UK's biggest foreign investors by 2020.
International Trade Secretary Liam Fox, who will travel with the PM, said: "Our relationship is now more important than ever, as we look to form new trading bonds with the biggest-growing markets around the world.
"Indeed, China's middle class is expected to number 600 million by 2020 - greater than the current entire population of the EU - presenting unrivalled opportunities for UK business."
However, in a letter to the PM, the last governor of Hong Kong, Lord (Chris) Patten, and former Liberal Democrat leader Lord (Paddy) Ashdown, urged her to raise the plight of democracy activists in the former colony with China's leaders.
"In the past five years, Hong Kong has seen increasing threats to the basic freedoms, human rights and autonomy which the people were promised at the handover just over 20 years ago," they wrote.
They said they hoped the PM would "be able to provide the people of Hong Kong with some assurance that our developing relationship with China, vital though it is, will not come at the cost of our obligations to them".
Amnesty International UK's head of policy and government affairs, Allan Hogarth, said it was vital the PM did not "shirk from raising China's appalling human rights record.
"Specifically, she should be condemning the recent escalation in China's aggressive crackdown on anyone who criticises the government. That crackdown has included the arrest of hundreds of human rights lawyers; the regular use of televised 'confessions' as well as the targeting of family members of government critics."