These aerial photos reveal exciting archaeological finds around the UK


Archaeological remains from a Bronze Age cemetery and a Roman military camp to medieval farms have been revealed from the air, experts said.

A series of aerial photographs have been released by government heritage agency Historic England to mark the Festival of Archaeology.

Duncan Wilson, chief executive of Historic England, said: "Our aerial archaeologists continue to transform our knowledge of England's past from traces visible from the air. We identify and record the archaeology in our landscapes from crop marks and soil marks this way.

(Historic England/PA)
Circular buried ditches, which would have surrounded Bronze Age barrows, found in Fittleworth, West Sussex (Historic England/PA)

"This not only supports archaeological research, but also gives us a better understanding of which parts of the land can be developed and which parts need further investigation because of what lies beneath."

Photographs taken in Fittleworth, West Sussex, show five or six circular buried ditches which would have surrounded Bronze Age barrows. These would have been burial places, as well as being used by the living for ceremonies.

(Historic England/PA)
Remains of a lime kiln, producing quick lime for building and fertiliser in Shap, Cumbria (Historic England/PA)

Last year's dry summer revealed these crop marks more clearly from the air and helped experts see the extent of the Iron Age/Roman settlement in Comberton.

The weather also helped Historic England's aerial reconnaissance team identify a rare and unusual prehistoric site at Hornsea, East Yorkshire, with a central circular feature thought to be a "henge".

Low winter sunlight revealed details of an Iron Age/Roman settlement in Gillsmere Sike, Killington, Cumbria, with photographs showing two round houses as well as medieval ploughing. Crop marks showing elongated capsule-shaped enclosures were also captured in Stoke Hammond, Buckinghamshire.

(Historic England/PA)
Traces of a Second World War air raid shelter in Coventry's Radford Road recreation ground (Historic England/PA)

Historic England said the enclosures are neolithic long mortuary enclosures, thought to be where the dead were placed before burial, and at Stoke Hammond are surrounded by natural marks in the ground made in the last Ice Age.

Medieval farming and industry are also revealed in the photographs, from Lavenham in Suffolk to Shap in Cumbria.

The aerial pictures also reveal the impact of war on the landscape, from ancient times to modern.

Neolithic long mortuary enclosures, capturing crop marks, in Stoke Hammond, Buckinghamshire.
Neolithic long mortuary enclosures, capturing crop marks, in Stoke Hammond, Buckinghamshire (Historic England/PA)

In Bradford Abbas, Dorset, the line of a buried Roman camp - temporary enclosures dug by troops on manoeuvres - can be seen as different colours in the crops across several fields.

The photographs released by the heritage agency also show traces of a Second World War air raid shelter in Coventry's Radford Road recreation ground, still showing up in dark rectangles of lush grass despite being partly demolished after the war.