Douglas Slocombe, the British cinematographer behind the original Indiana Jones trilogy, has died at 103.
His death at a London hospital on Monday was confirmed by his daughter Georgina.
Indiana Jones director Steven Spielberg described him as a "great collaborator and a beautiful human being".
A three-time Oscar nominee, Mr Slocombe shot 80 films, including 1969's The Italian Job, and was also known for filming the Nazi invasion of Poland.
His works included classic Ealing comedies such as the Lavender Hill Mob and Kind Hearts And Coronets and he also won Best Cinematography Baftas for The Servant (1963), The Great Gatsby (1974) and Julia (1977).
His third Oscar nomination came for Raiders of the Lost Ark (1981), the first of the three Indiana Jones films on which he would work with Spielberg.
The American director told the BBC: "Dougie Slocombe was facile, enthusiastic, and loved the action of film-making. Harrison Ford was Indiana Jones in front of the camera, but with his whip-smart crew, Dougie was my behind-the-scenes hero for the first three Indy movies."
Born in London in 1913, Mr Slocombe made his breakthrough after filming in Warsaw in the lead-up to Germany's invasion of Poland in 1939, using the footage to produce the documentary Lights Out In Europe in 1940.
He collected an OBE from the Prince of Wales at Buckingham Palace in 2008.