More than 22,000 privately renting households across England have been evicted by bailiffs over the last year, Ministry of Justice figures show.
The 22,592 households who were evicted in this way in the 12 months to June is 88% higher than the number recorded five years earlier.
Shelter, said the figures demonstrate the "chronic lack of affordable homes" for renters. Based on average household sizes, the charity said the latest number equates to 56,480 people being evicted by bailiffs over the last year.
A recent report from Shelter found working families in England are so "stretched to breaking point" that one in three could not afford to pay their rent or mortgage for more than a month if they lost their job.
Campbell Robb, chief executive of Shelter, said: "Renting privately is increasingly the only option available for many families, but high rents, a lack of stability and a wave of welfare cuts mean that every day at Shelter we hear from families desperately struggling to make ends meet and keep a roof over their heads."
He continued: "Ultimately, to address the root causes of our housing crisis the Government must make a decisive commitment to build homes that people on ordinary incomes can actually afford to rent or buy."