In 2011/12, English councils had a total current account surplus of £565 million from their on-street and off-street parking operations.
These figures showed that English councils expect that net income on parking services (off-street and on-street parking) was expected to increase from £601 million in 2012/13 to £635 million in 2013/14.
Local Government Secretary Eric Pickles said: "This £635 million municipal parking profit shows why we need to review and rein in unfair town hall parking rules.
"This Government has scrapped the last administration's Whitehall rules which told councils to hike up parking charges and adopt aggressive parking enforcement. But councils aren't listening, and local shops and hard-working families are suffering as a result. The law is clear that parking is not a tax or cash cow for town hall officers."
Councillor Daniel Astaire, Westminster City Council cabinet member for business, said: "The system is already changing and councils are already looking to work with motorists to issue fewer fines and crucially increase the amount of people parking correctly.
"If we stay in this Jurassic Age of pure rhetoric about cash cows and money making, innovation will be stifled and we cannot engage with motorists properly in order to find the best solutions that will benefit everyone."
These were the councils with the largest surpluses (before capital charges) in 2011/12