Kevin McGeever was brought before Strokestown District Court, Co Roscommon, in the west of Ireland, after being arrested at an address in north Dublin yesterday.
He has been remanded in custody after being charged with wasting police time.
His bail has been set at 10,000 euro (£8,590).
The 68-year-old, whose address was given as Nirvana, Ballywinna, Craughwell, Co Galway, will appear before Harristown Court in Castlerea, Co Roscommon, on Friday.
McGeever appeared in court in connection with an investigation into alleged false imprisonment.
The developer, originally from Swinford in Co Mayo, disappeared in May 2012.
He was found wandering barefoot on a rural road in the west of Ireland the following January, eight months after he disappeared.
McGeever, who had been living in the gated mansion Nirvana in Co Galway before he vanished, was said to be dishevelled with a long beard, hair and finger nails.
He was described as malnourished and dehydrated and as having lost several stone in weight when found on the road near Ballinamore, Co Leitrim.
He was charged under Section 12 of the 1976 Criminal Law Act, relating to knowingly giving false information that an offence had been committed and wasting Garda time.
The charges allege McGeever made false reports and statements to gardai between January 29 and February 28 this year, that offences of false imprisonment, assault, and threats to harm had occurred.
McGeever sat in a packed courtroom surrounded by dozens of other defendants on minor charges before his case was called.
Dressed in a black leather jacket and blue and white striped shirt, the property developer did not speak during the brief hearing.
Solicitor Joan Devine, acting on behalf of McGeever's Dublin-based solicitor Tom Brabazon, requested a lower bail amount of 8,000 euro (£6,899) be set.
"He is not in a position to come up with that kind of money," Ms Devine said.
Judge Geoffrey Browne rejected the application and remanded McGeever in custody with consent to bail.
The letters "tief" had been scrawled into McGeever's forehead when he was discovered on the remote country road in Leitrim.
He was found by a man and a woman, Catherine Vallely and her friend Pat Rehill, who had been driving in the area when they spotted the shrunken figure.
Ms Vallely phoned a man in Kinnegad who McGeever knew, and the two then drove McGeever to Balinamore Garda station.
The woman said she offered to buy McGeever chips and he later ate biscuits and tea in the station.
Following the dramatic reappearance, the defendant's brother Brendan described his sibling as looking like "a weather beaten 90-year-old man who was just released from a concentration camp".