David Cameron faces a fresh backlash from Tory backbenchers after it emerged that marriage tax breaks will not be included in next month's Budget.
Senior Government sources have also dismissed calls for George Osborne to be sacked - insisting he will still be Chancellor at the 2015 general election.
The developments came amid fevered speculation over plots against the Prime Minister, with suggestions rebels have set a deadline of summer 2014 for the party's electoral fortunes to turn around.
Meanwhile, some MPs are said to be circulating a letter demanding that Mr Osborne is replaced as the economy continues to falter.
The Conservative general election manifesto pledged to introduce a marriage tax break, and the commitment was included in the coalition agreement.
It is expected that one member of a married couple or civil partnership would be allowed to transfer £750 of their tax-free personal allowance to their partner, reducing their tax bill. This would be worth around £150 a year to basic-rate taxpayers.
However, the government's failure to bring in the tax breaks so far has angered many in the party.
But a senior Government source flatly rejected the idea of a "quid pro quo" deal, and ruled out a marriage tax break featuring in this Budget.
"It won't be in the Budget but it will be in this Parliament," the source said. "This Budget obviously, with all that has happened in recent weeks and months, will be very much focused on growth in the economy".
Mr Cameron views the introduction of same-sex marriage - which is expected to split his MPs when it is put to a Commons vote next week - as the "Conservative Party delivering the promise it made".
"This is a difficult issue for some in the Conservative Party and he understands the strong feelings that people have, and of course it's a free vote," the source said.
"He is proud of the fact that it's a coalition government with strong Conservative participation that is bringing forward a modern and progressive change.
"It is good to encourage people to come together and stay together."
The source also made clear that Mr Osborne had the "full confidence" of the Prime Minister.
"He is an extremely successful Chancellor. He is battling very difficult economic circumstances," the source said. "George Osborne will be Chancellor at the next general election."
It is understood Mr Cameron feels he has "very strong support from colleagues in parliament".
The source said the premier did not feel resistance from the Tory backbenches was making his work more difficult.
The issue of gay marriage is causing Conservative party members to quit in significant numbers, according to The Times.
Backbenchers insist the issue has sparked "serious unrest" among the party's rank and file and are claiming some constituencies have lost as many as 100 card-carrying Tories each. Conservative headquarters, however, does not hold up-to-date membership records, the newspaper said.
Tory MP David Burrowes told The Times: "There's serious unrest in the grassroots. You cannot avoid the fact that the troops are unhappy. People are drifting away."