Mel Gibson, who has been marred in controversy in recent years, is nominated for a Golden Globe best director gong for Hacksaw Ridge.
The film marked the Braveheart star's return to directing for the first time in 10 years following his controversial anti-Semitic rant after a drink-driving arrest in 2006.
Amy Adams (Arrival), Jessica Chastain (Miss Sloane), Isabelle Huppert (Elle), Ruth Negga (Loving) and Natalie Portman (Jackie) will compete for best actress in a film drama.
Casey Affleck, who received a Critics' Choice Award for his performance as a troubled janitor in Manchester By The Sea, is nominated for best actor in a film drama.
He will compete with Joel Edgerton (Loving), Andrew Garfield (Hacksaw Ridge), Viggo Mortensen (Captain Fantastic) and Denzel Washington (Fences).
La La Land will compete for best musical comedy film with superhero film Deadpool, Florence Foster Jenkins, Sing Street and 20th Century Women.
Hacksaw Ridge, Hell Or High Water, Lion, Manchester By The Sea and Moonlight are nominated for best film in the drama category.
The Crown will battle for best television drama series with Game Of Thrones, Stranger Things, US drama This Is Us and Westworld.