What are the different coronavirus restrictions across the UK?

A 17-day firebreak lockdown has ended in Wales, with a new set of national measures to tackle Covid-19 coming into force.

Here the PA news agency looks at how coronavirus-related restrictions currently vary across different parts of the UK.

– England

Coronavirus – Sat Nov 7, 2020
Coronavirus – Sat Nov 7, 2020

A second national lockdown for England began on November 5 and is due to last until December 2.

People have been ordered to stay at home during this period and should only leave under a limited number of exceptions.

Permitted reasons for leaving home include for education if it is not provided online, work if it cannot be done from home and for exercise as many times a day as you wish.

People can exercise or visit a public space with their household, their support bubble or, when on their own, with one person from another household.

Meeting up in homes and gardens is now allowed, while non-essential shops, leisure and entertainment venues must all close.

Leaving home to shop for food and essentials is permitted, as well as to provide care for vulnerable people or as a volunteer.

Supermarkets and essential shop click and collect systems can continue, and bars, pubs and restaurants can only stay open for delivery or takeaway services.

Schools, colleges and universities can all remain open. Students should
not return home during term time but can return home for the Christmas holiday.

Formal shielding, as happened during the March and April lockdown, has not been brought in, but people over 60 and those who are clinically vulnerable are being told to be especially careful about following the rules and minimising contact with others.

Care home residents will be limited to a maximum of two regular visitors, with meetings taking place outdoors “wherever possible”, the Government has said.

People are advised not to travel in the UK and abroad, except for work, education or other legally permitted reasons, such as caring responsibilities.

Funerals attended by a maximum of 30 people and deathbed weddings can take place, but places of worship can only open for private prayer.

– Wales

Coronavirus – Wed Oct 28, 2020
Coronavirus – Wed Oct 28, 2020

The firebreak lockdown began on October 23 and came to an end on Monday.

Under the new set of restrictions, groups of up to four people can now meet up in cafes, pubs and restaurants while shops, gyms, hairdressers and places of worship will also reopen.

Supermarkets can again sell non-essential items while people will only be allowed to meet up inside homes with members of one other household if they have joined a “bubble”.

A 10pm curfew on alcohol sales will carry over from before the firebreak, with people required to prove their home address in bars following concerns people in England could flout its own lockdown and travel to Wales for a drink.

There are no restrictions on travel within Wales, but people will not be allowed to travel outside of the country unless for a reasonable excuse such as work.

Up to 15 people can take part in an organised indoor activity and up to 30 in an organised activity outdoors, providing all social distancing, hand hygiene and other Covid-19 safety measures are followed.

Primary schools and years seven and eight in secondary schools remained open during the lockdown apart from the half term break. But all schools and year groups will resume from Monday.

Universities will resume a combination of in-person teaching and blended learning.

– Northern Ireland

Coronavirus – Wed Oct 14, 2020
Coronavirus – Wed Oct 14, 2020

Tighter coronavirus restrictions announced by Stormont First Minister Arlene
Foster came into force in Northern Ireland on October 16.

Households cannot mix in private homes, except if in a bubble with one other household only and up to a maximum of 10 people.

Up to six people from no more than two households can meet up outdoors in a private garden.

Pubs and restaurants must close for four weeks, with the exception of
takeaways and deliveries.

Schools closed for an extended two-week half term, but could reopen from November 2.

Retail outlets remain open, but close contact services such as hairdressers, beauticians and tattoo parlours cannot operate.

Gyms, leisure centres, swimming pools and private sports clubs may remain open for individual training only.

People should work from home unless unable to do so and are urged not to take unnecessary journeys.

– Scotland

Coronavirus – Fri Nov 6, 2020
Coronavirus – Fri Nov 6, 2020

First Minister Nicola Sturgeon has introduced a new five-tier system for

Every part of the country has been placed into grades ranging from a baseline of Level 0 up to the highest Level 4.

The five levels represent an advancing scale of lockdown restrictions and came into force on November 2.

Level 4, which no area is currently under, would see hospitality businesses closed, while Level 3 bans hospitality venues from selling alcohol indoors and outdoors, and closes entertainment venues.

Across all levels there are rules placing limits on household mixing, both indoors and outdoors, which become increasingly restrictive moving up the scale.

Scotland’s central belt – including Edinburgh, Glasgow, Stirling and Falkirk – has been joined by Dundee and Ayrshire in Level 3.

Aberdeenshire, Aberdeen, Fife, Borders, Dumfries and Galloway, Argyll and Bute, Perth and Kinross, and Angus are in Level 2.

Highland, Moray, Western Isles, Orkney and Shetland have been assessed as Level 1

People are advised to avoid any unnecessary travel between Scotland and England, Wales, or Northern Ireland.