Public health has to be “at the top of the political agenda” if the planet is to avoid suffering devastation from future waves of the coronavirus pandemic, the head of the World Health Organisation (WHO) in Europe has warned.
Dr Hans Kluge said countries needed to learn lessons in order to mitigate the impact of “a second or third wave” of Covid-19, particularly if a widespread vaccine remains unavailable.
It comes following the announcement that the University of Oxford has partnered with pharmaceutical giant AstraZenenca for the development, manufacture and large-scale distribution of the Covid-19 vaccine candidate that is currently being trialled in the UK.
Speaking during a WHO Europe briefing, Dr Kluge said: “One of the things we saw very clearly in different countries is the speed with which even the best health systems can be overwhelmed and devastated.
“So the biggest lesson overall at this stage would be that health really deserves to be at the top of the political agenda.
“Health is a driver of the economy – what we see now is that without health, there is no economy. Without health, there is no national security.
“Once we get out of the pandemic, through united efforts, this is a lesson never to be forgotten.”
The UK remains under strict lockdown measures, with latest figures showing 26,097 people have died in hospitals, care homes and the wider community in the UK after contracting Covid-19.
Elsewhere in Europe, other countries have begun easing restrictions by allowing shops to reopen and people to leave their homes.
Dr Kluge said it was vital for countries to prepare for future outbreaks once the first peak had been reached.
He said: “If the first wave is gone, (the key issue is) that we have bought the time to prepare for a second or third wave, particularly if there is no vaccine.
“The key issue is to be prepared whether it is for a second wave or another outbreak of another future infectious agent.
“This will require the collaboration and understanding of everyone, not least with the summer coming, that everyone has to do its share while moving to a new reality where public health has to have a more prominent place in society.”
Dr Kluge said there were positive signs Europe was passing the peak of the virus but remained “very much in the grip” of the pandemic, with the continent accounting for nearly half (46%) of all cases globally, and nearly two-thirds (63%) of all deaths.
He said: “We’re now seeing evidence of a plateau or reduction in new cases.
“We must monitor this development very closely.”
But he added: “Covid-19 is not going away any time soon.”