Notre Dame fire: How have we rebuilt after similar disasters elsewhere?

A massive fire at Paris’s Notre Dame cathedral has caused shock around the world.

Here is a look at similar disasters to befall buildings of historic importance, and the steps taken to rebuild, here in the UK and abroad.

Windsor Castle

Disasters and Accidents – Windsor Castle Fire – Windsor
Disasters and Accidents – Windsor Castle Fire – Windsor

Part of the building, one of the Queen’s official residences, was wrecked by fire on November 20 1992.

The fire started in the first floor Private Chapel, in the Upper Castle Ward, and Prince Andrew was among the team which attempted to salvage valuable works of art during the blaze.

A £36.5 million repair project involving 1,500 building workers saw the 14th-century building reopen in 1997.

Prince Harry engagement
Prince Harry engagement

York Minster

Disasters and Accidents – York Minster Fire – 1984
Disasters and Accidents – York Minster Fire – 1984

A lightning bolt is believed to have sparked a fire in the building’s south transept on July 9 1984 which completely destroyed the roof.

More than 100 firefighters tackled the blaze, which caused £2.25 million in damage. The restoration work was completed in 1988.

A restoration project was completed in 1988 (PA file)
A restoration project was completed in 1988 (PA file)

Coventry Cathedral

World War Two – British Empire – The Home Front – The Blitz – Coventry – 1940
World War Two – British Empire – The Home Front – The Blitz – Coventry – 1940

The medieval Parish Church Cathedral of St Michael burned when the Luftwaffe bombed the city on the night of November 14 1940, killing more than 1,000 civilians.

Its ruins were preserved as a reminder of the folly and waste of war, while a new cathedral was built alongside.

Historic England top ten
Historic England top ten

Glasgow School of Art

Mackintosh Building fire
Mackintosh Building fire

The west wing of Charles Rennie Mackintosh’s famed building was damaged by fire on May 23 2014.

A multimillion-pound restoration project was nearing completion when a second, more destructive, fire tore through the school on June 15 2018.

Mackintosh Building fire
Mackintosh Building fire

National Museum of Brazil

Brazil Museum Fire
Brazil Museum Fire

A fire which broke out at the building, in Rio de Janeiro, in September 2018 destroyed most of its 20 million-strong collection.

The fire quickly spread through the building and President Michel Temer said that “200 years of work, research and knowledge were lost”.

However around 2,000 artefacts were recovered from the ashes, including the 11,500-year-old skull of Luzia, the oldest human ever found in the Americas.