Brexit: Who are the main groups at Westminster?

Prime Minister Theresa May is holding consultations with party leaders and other senior MPs representing the various strands of opinion in the Commons in an attempt to find a way forward on Brexit.

These are the main parties and cross-party groupings at Westminster:

The Government: Theresa May says she wants a deal that gives the UK control of its money, its laws and its borders, protects the Union and enables it to pursue an independent trade policy – effectively ruling out a customs union. Has repeatedly rejected calls for a second referendum, an extension to the Article 50 withdrawal process or to rule out no-deal.

Labour Party: Labour wants a deal based on a new customs union with the EU, a close relationship with the single market and protection of workers’ rights and the environment. Jeremy Corbyn says he will not meet Mrs May unless she takes no-deal off the table. Party policy allows for a second referendum but Mr Corbyn has been reluctant to call for one, despite strong support from MPs and activists.


SNP: Opposes Brexit. Says the options of ruling out no-deal, extending Article 50 and staging a second referendum must all be on the table if there is to be any further negotiation.

DUP: Strongly pro-Brexit. The party, which props up the Government in the Commons, says the Northern Ireland backstop must go if it is to support any agreement.

Liberal Democrats: Oppose Brexit. Their key demands are a second referendum and taking no-deal off the table. Party leader Sir Vince Cable has said he is prepared to carry on talking.


European Research Group: Strongly pro-Brexit group of Tory MPs led by Jacob Rees-Mogg. Favours a looser Canada-style free trade agreement but many members woule be content to see a no-deal Brexit if that proves impossible. Strongly opposed to any extension of Article 50 and insists the backstop must go.

Norway Plus: A loose cross-party grouping of mainly Remain-supporting MPs – including Conservative Nick Boles and Labour’s Stephen Kinnock – who want a closer future relationship with the EU based on a customs union and membership of the European Free Trade Area, along with Norway, Iceland and Liechtenstein.

People’s Vote: A pro-Remain cross-party campaign in support of a second referendum. Backed by almost 100 Labour MPs as well as the Greens, Plaid Cymru and a handful of Conservatives such as Anna Soubry.