Fifty war memorials have been given listed status to mark Armistice Day, Historic England has announced.
The monuments of historic and architectural importance include one designed by a grieving sister as a tribute to her slain brother, a series on National Trust land and one nominated by a group of school children.
The memorials are part of a programme by Historic England using public nominations to ensure 2,500 are listed by the Government in time for the centenary of the war's end in 2018.
Tracey Crouch, heritage minister, said: "The First World War affected every community across the country, and local memorials are integral to honouring the memory of those who served.
"As we continue to commemorate the centenary of the war, it is only right that we protect memorials across the country so future generations never forget the sacrifices that were made."
Among the memorials listed is the one at Holy Trinity Church in Guildford, Surrey, which was erected in 1922. Designed by the author and children's illustrator, Edith Farmiloe, it commemorates her brother, Major Geoffrey Brooke Parnell, and other soldiers in the Queen's (Royal West Surrey) Regiment who fell with him during the Battle of the Somme in July 1916.
A second is the memorial in Thornton, Bradford, West Yorkshire, which was nominated by pupils in year five at Thornton Primary School.
Also included are eight memorials erected in memory of two brothers killed in the First World War. William Robertson bequeathed money to the National Trust to buy land for memorials dedicated to Laurance and Norman, who were killed in 1916 and 1917 respectively.
England's best historic views
England's best historic views
It’s not difficult to imagine how the gothic ruins of Whitby Abbey would have inspired Dracula author Bram Stoker, when visiting the town. This atmospheric attraction, set high on a headland, contains much for visitors to discover, but it’s also well worth pausing to enjoy the views over the popular seaside town that shares its name.
Visitors to Kenilworth Castle can now scale the heights of the Earl of Leicester’s building and explore the private rooms of Queen Elizabeth I as well as the views she enjoyed. At the time of her 1575 visit, the building was one of the most spectacular works of architecture in the country, with enormous glass windows allowing the queen to look out at the spectacular castle and surrounding countryside. It's still pretty spectacular today...
Known as the ‘Castle of the Rock’, Beeston is famous for its views, which range from the Pennines all the way to the Welsh mountains, and extending over eight counties on a clear day. Built atop a mighty crag, it was a striking proclamation of the wealth and power of Ranulf, Earl of Chester, and provided a strong defence against aristocratic rivals.
Set on a tall mound in the heart of Old York, this imposing tower is almost all that remains of York Castle, originally built by William the Conqueror. In its time, the tower has seen many uses, including as a prison and a royal mint, and today provides panoramic views out over the historic city of York.
This magnificent castle has long guarded England’s shores, looking out across the English Channel from its position high above the White Cliffs of Dover. Visitors can stand where Winston Churchill looked out towards France from the Admiralty Lookout, or climb the steps to the top of the Great Tower for spectacular views in all directions.
Climb up the wall walk at this medieval fortress and you can really imagine looking out in times gone by across the mere and old hunting grounds. Pick up an audio tour to find out more about the historic view, or look below and imagine the events that took place in the castle, such as Mary Tudor gathering her forces to claim the throne of England.
This hidden gem commands the passage of the River Wye from atop a wooded hill. It was held by a succession of powerful medieval lords, who might have looked out at the surrounding Herefordshire countryside as those who tackle the spiral staircases of the square keep can do today.
Imagine what life was like for Roman soldiers posted here almost 2,000 years ago. At this well-preserved fort on the Hadrian’s Wall World Heritage Site, visitors can enjoy stunning panoramic views from the walls of this Roman ruin, looking out onto the stark Northumbrian countryside as troops posted on this frontier will once have done.
"It is impossible to imagine a prettier spot" said Queen Victoria after her first visit to Osborne, the Isle of Wight retreat where she would come to relax with her family. Visitors today can explore the gardens and beach, taking in the magnificent views across the Solent that the monarch once enjoyed.
Few historic sites evoke as much myth and mystery as the fascinating ruins of Tintagel Castle, positioned high above the Cornish coast. This dramatic location lends itself to spectacular views, earned by climbing up the steps to the island for stunning coastal scenery that must have inspired Richard, Earl of Cornwall, to build a castle here in the 1230s.