The 12 scams of Christmas
This Christmas many of us will be using computers, smartphones and tablets to help manage the demands of the festive season.
But going digital offers cyber crooks an opportunity to use scams tailored to the season in order to steal personal information for identity fraud and spread malicious software.
McAfee, the online security firm, has revealed what it believes to be the '12 scams of Christmas' to help shoppers keep safe when browsing, clicking and buying online.
Here's what to watch out for.
1. Mobile app scams
The festive season often prompts the launch of new mobile apps, promising to make Christmas shopping easier. But McAfee warns that shoppers should think twice about downloading official-looking software, as apps can carry malware designed to steal personal data. McAfee suggests sticking to official app stores for safety.
2. Text scams
Should your mobile number get into the wrong hands you might be exposed to a text scam. A crafty crook can send text messages promising free gifts or prizes. But following the link might encourage you to share personal details that can leave you exposed to identity theft, or ask you to download something that contains malware that infects your device.
FakeInstaller, for example, is a malicious piece of code which tricks Android users into believing it's an installer for an application. But it can quickly take advantage of unrestricted access to your phone, sending text messages to premium rate numbers.
Keep your mobile phone number private and an eye on your phone bill for unusual charges to combat this scam.
3. Gift scams
Adverts with offers on must-have items like the new PlayStation 4 or Xbox One are sure to attract Christmas shoppers. Cyber fraudsters will post links to fake competitions using social media or send phishing emails offering great deals to get people to reveal personal information or download malware onto their devices.
If a deal seems too good to be true then it probably is! Be suspicious of really low prices and avoid stores you've never heard of.
4. Festive travel scams
Travel is a big part of the festive period and many will be looking for the best deals online. Cyber thieves are well aware of this and use bogus offers for great deals to trick bargain hunters into entering credit card details and other private information.
According to the National Fraud Intelligence Bureau (NFIB), around 1,000 holiday scams were reported in Britain last year, costing holidaymakers more than £1.5 million. Again be wary of unrealistically low prices on flights, rental cars and hotel rooms and only use reputable travel sites.
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5. Dangerous E-card greetings
E-cards are a fun and cheap way to send season's greetings to family and friends. But scammers are able to send fake versions that contain 'merry malware' such as Trojan and other viruses.
These infect your smartphone, tablet or computer when you click the link or attachment to view the greeting. It's better to be safe than sorry so don't open an e-card if you don't know the sender.
6. Deceptive online games
Downloading games for your computer, smartphone or tablet could be another source of misery over the festive period. According to McAfee many sites offering full-version downloads of Grand Theft Auto are 'laden' with malware and integrated social media pages can expose gamers too.
Stick to safe, well-known app stores when downloading games and check online for reviews beforehand for warnings from less fortunate gamers.
7. Shipping notification shams
Ordering things like gifts and food online means you'll be getting plenty of shipping notifications, so beware fake emails asking you to update your details. These can carry malware and other harmful software designed to infect your devices.
Retailers never normally have to contact you about your details. You should be on the lookout for email addresses that aren't quite right, as well as spelling and grammar mistakes.
Read Retailers' last order dates for Christmas deliveries to make sure you get your delivery in time.
8. Bogus gift cards
If you're planning on buying a gift card for a loved one, make sure it's official. Gift card deals are sometimes promoted via ads on Facebook, Twitter and other social sites. These third-party websites might be selling bogus gift cards that will leave the recipient red-faced when trying to cash it in.
You're better off going direct to a retailer.
Read Gift cards that are safe from retailers going bust
9. Holiday SMiShing
Mobile phones and tablets come with the risk of SMiShing or text message phishing.
Scam artists pretend to be banks or other organisations that require your personal information urgently for 'security purposes' to avoid an account lockdown or other dire consequences. Some even include the first few digits of your credit card number in the SMS message to lull you into a false sense of safety. Instead of replying you should contact the organisation directly if you have any concerns.
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10. Fake charities
The festive season can move people to reach out to those less fortunate, but scammers are on hand to take full advantage of this generosity, setting up fake charity sites to pocket donations. Be on the lookout for bogus charities using copied text and logos in emails or on websites.
Most use a name, email address or web address that is almost identical to a real charity, so it's easy to be caught out.
11. Romance scams
Cyber criminals can use photos, emails and even text messages to pretend to be a member of a dating website. Messages may contain phishing scams where the person can access your personal information such as usernames and passwords or worse your device might get infected by malware.
To avoid this fate only use reputable dating site, be on the lookout for fake profiles, and never click on links from someone you don't already know or trust.
12. Phoney e-tailers
If you plan to do most of your Christmas shopping online, beware of fake websites posing as legitimate retailers. In October brand protection specialist MarkMonitor revealed that one in five shoppers looking for a bargain online have been duped by fake sites. You should check names and web addresses carefully for subtle differences that indicate the site is a fake and wherever possible limit your shopping to known and trusted names.
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