The government has told us that long-term care reform will help one in eight with the cost of care but the reality is that far more people will be left with huge bills and no means of mitigating the cost.
When it decided to put the £72,000 cap on care costs in place the government was hoping that it would mean the insurance industry would step up to the plate and provide a new insurance product that would cover the £72,000 cost people will have to pay.
There are two problems with this. The first is that people will have to pay out a lot more than £72,000 if one of their family members goes into care. The cap does not cover the 'hotel costs' of accommodation and food, just the actual care of an individual.
The second, and possibly even more serious problem, is that the insurance industry doesn't look like it will be able to fill the gap. Legal & General has already said it has no plans to offer long-term care insurance because it's not commercially viable.
Legal & General is one of Britain's biggest insurers and if it doesn't think it can make a new type of insurance work then it will be surprising if others can. Even if an insurance policy is created it will be so expensive that those who need it won't be able to afford it and those who can afford it won't need it.
The government and Andrew Dilnot, whose recommendations politicians are implementing, thought the introduction of a cap would spur on the insurance industry which would know exactly what they would be insuring.
It doesn't look like it will be the case and shows just how awry a plan can go when the government relies on the private sector to fill the gaps that they should be filling with sensible policy.
The government has realised that it doesn't have the resources to provide adequate care for the thousands that will need it but it cannot hike taxes for those of working age struggling to get by in order to pay for the older generation.
The reforms are the biggest shake-up in care for a hundred years and could be seen as remarkably progressive but I can't help but feel that the policy has fallen at the last hurdle and it is a struggle to see how people will benefit if they cannot make provision for care.
Seven retirement nightmares
Don't count on insurers to help you pay for long-term care
Figures from charity Age UK show that 29% of those over 60 feel uncertain or negative about their current financial situation - with millions facing poverty and hardship. Even though saving for retirement is not much fun, the message is therefore that having to rely on dwindling state benefits in retirement is even less so. To avoid ending up in this situation, adviser Hargreaves Lansdown recommends saving a proportion of your salary equal to half your age at the time of starting a pension. In other words, if you are 30 when you start a pension, you should put in 15% throughout your working life. If you start at 24, saving 12% of your salary a year should produce a similar return.
Many older couples rely on the pension income of one person - often the man. Should that person die first, the other person can therefore be left in a difficult position financially.
One way to prevent financial hardship for the surviving person is to take out a joint life annuity that will continue to pay out up to 67% of the original payments to the surviving partner should one of them die.
The disadvantage of this approach, however, is that the rate you receive will be lower. Again, the Pensions Advisory Service on 0845 601 2923 is a useful first port of call if you are unsure what to do.
Around 427,000 households in the over-70 age groups are either three months behind with a debt repayment or subject to some form of debt action such as insolvency, according to the Consumer Credit Counselling Service (CCCS).
Its figures also show that those aged 60 or older who came to the CCCS for help last year owed an average of £22,330. Whether you are retired or not, the best way to tackle debt problems is head on.
Free counselling services from the likes of CCCS and Citizens Advice can help with budgeting and dealing with creditors.
Importantly, they can also conduct a welfare benefits check to make sure you are receiving the pension credit, housing and council tax benefits, attendance and disability living allowances you are entitled to.
The average UK pensioner household faces a £111,400 tax bill in retirement as increasing longevity means pensioners are living on average up to 19 years past the age of 65, according to figures from MetLife. And every year in retirement adds an extra £5,864 in direct and indirect taxes based on current tax rates to the costs for the average pensioner household. You can be forced to go bankrupt if you fail to pay your taxes, so it is vital to factor these costs into your retirement planning.It is also important to check that you are receiving all the benefits and tax breaks you are entitled to if you want to make the most of your retirement cash.
The cost of a room in a care home in many parts of the country is now over £30,000 a year, according to figures from Prestige Nursing and Care. So even if the prime minister announces a cap on care costs - last year the economist Andrew Dilnot called for a new system of funding which would mean that no one would pay more than £35,000 for lifetime care - families will still face huge accommodation costs. Ways to cut this cost include opting for home care rather than a care home. Jonathan Bruce, managing director of Prestige Nursing and Care, said: "For older people who may need care in the shorter term, home care is an option which allows people to maintain their independence for longer while living in their own home and should be included in the cap." However, the only other answer is to save more while you can.
Older Britons are often targeted by unscrupulous criminals - especially if they have a bit of money put away. For example, many over 50s were victims of the so-called courier scam that tricked into keying their pin numbers into their phones and handing their cards to "couriers" who visited their homes. It parted consumers from £1.5 million in under two years. Detective Chief Inspector Paul Barnard, head of the bank sponsored dedicated cheque and plastic crime unit (DCPCU), said: "Many of us feel confident that we can spot fraudsters, but this type of crime can be sophisticated and could happen to anyone." The same is true of boiler room scams that target wealthier Britons with money to invest, offering "once-in-a-lifetime" opportunities to snap up shares at bargain prices. Tactics to watch out for include cold calling, putting you under pressure to pay up or lose the opportunity for good, and claiming to have insider information that they are prepared to share with you.