Hilco UK has taken on the debt from lenders Lloyds and Royal Bank of Scotland in a move effectively giving it control of the business.
Hopes over the future of collapsed music chain HMV have been raised after its debt was bought by the restructuring business behind HMV Canada.
It comes after Hilco was appointed adviser to HMV's administrator Deloitte on Monday.
The move should give administrators more time to secure the future of the 92-year-old company and will bring some certainty for the business.
Entertainment giants, including Universal Music, Warner Music and Sony, are said to be in favour of a buyout by Hilco. The suppliers are reportedly planning to offer HMV suitors generous credit terms and cut the price of CDs and DVDs to help keep HMV's presence on the high street.
Hilco, which is best known for its recent rescue of furnishings group Habitat, has been linked to the company since it hit the wall last week, putting more than 4,120 jobs and 223 stores at risk.
Deloitte said last week it had received well over 50 expressions of interest from parties including other retailers, private equity firms and wealthy individuals.
Game confirmed it was among 50 potential suitors circling the collapsed music entertainment business, and private equity veteran Jon Moulton was also linked through his Better Capital firm.
Following the firm's collapse HMV chief executive Trevor Moore said he was confident that management could still secure a future for the chain.
Hilco UK, which also owns the Denby pottery firm, was founded out of a partnership between UK management and the distressed retail and advisory firm Hilco Group in the US.