The International Paralympic Committee (IPC) has informed the Russian Paralympic Committee (RPC) of the steps it must take to have its membership suspension lifted.
The IPC suspended the RPC in August after it failed to fulfil its obligations to comply with anti-doping rules set out by the global governing body and the World Anti-Doping Agency (WADA).
Russian athletes were absent from the 2016 Paralympic Games in Rio de Janeiro due to the ban.
WADA has had a role in the development of the reinstatement criteria, which will be overseen by a new five-person taskforce established by the IPC.
1. The RPC is compliant with all the requirements of the World Anti-Doping Program (including, in particular, the World Anti-Doping Code) and the IPC Anti-Doping Code that are applicable to a National Paralympic Committee.
2. The RPC, IPC, International Federations and RUSADA (once RUSADA has been declared Code-compliant again) are all able to carry out their respective anti-doping activities in Russia and in relation to Russia Para athletes and athlete support personnel effectively and without external interference (as part of this, the RPC will need to adequately address the findings of the McLaren Report).
3. As a result, the participation in IPC-sanctioned competitions of Para athletes and athlete support personnel under the RPC's jurisdiction will not jeopardise the integrity of those competitions.
Along with the reinstatement criteria, the RPC has also been issued with 'verification criteria', which include improvements to governance and structure as well as anti-doping education, testing and results management.
"The aim of the reinstatement criteria and the IPC taskforce is to assist the RPC as much as we can in bringing about the significant practical and cultural changes that are required in order for it to fulfil its IPC membership obligations in full," said IPC president Philip Craven.
"Although there is no timeline for the RPC to implement the changes required, we want to work closely with them in order to bring about the necessary changes sooner, rather than later.
"The RPC is an important part of the Paralympic Movement and its athletes want to be competing against the world's best athletes on the international stage. With the RPC's full co-operation and transparency, we will immediately lift its suspension once we are confident that all reinstatement criteria and verification criteria have been, and will continue to be, met in full.
"The IPC will also invite the RPC to meet in the coming weeks to go through the reinstatement criteria in full to ensure there is a comprehensive understanding of what is required."