British Cycling's World Class Programme will undergo an independent review led by British Olympic Association board member and vice chair of the British Paralympic Association Annamarie Phelps amid allegations of discrimination.
It has been a turbulent week for British Cycling, with Shane Sutton resigning from his position as technical director following claims he was guilty of sexism and discrimination towards elite cyclists.
Sutton was suspended following track rider Jess Varnish's claims he told her to "go and have a baby" after being dropped from the Great Britain team having failed to qualify for the Rio Olympics.
The 58-year-old has also been implicated in further allegations of derogatory remarks made about Paralympic athletes.
UK Sport and British Cycling announced on Friday that former Great Britain Olympic rower Phelps, now chair of British Rowing, will lead a review which will start immediately and finish following the Paralympic Games.
British Cycling president Bob Howden said: "The allegations which have been made over the last few days about the culture of the Great Britain Cycling Team are extremely disturbing and British Cycling will now work with the independent review to establish the full facts.
"We treat these allegations very seriously. They will be fully investigated and we will not shy away from taking whatever action is necessary.
"Over the last 20 years, British Cycling has established itself as one of the UK's leading sports and we are proud of what we have achieved as a governing body whether it is winning gold medals at the elite level of international competition or in driving record levels of grassroots participation.
"It is absolutely imperative for any national governing body to ensure it upholds the very best standards of practice. Whatever the outcome of this review, I'm sure that there will be valuable lessons to learn and things that we can improve on as we strive to further build on the many positive achievements of the past two decades."
Phelps said: "I fully understand the importance of leading this enquiry. I will do so to my best abilities and in the best interest of sport in the UK."