The details of as many as 64 Britons or people with UK links are reportedly contained among thousands of leaked Islamic State documents.
Among those listed in the cache of information being examined by intelligence agencies are two young men from Manchester, Sky News said.
The broadcaster said it obtained the data, reported earlier this week, from a memory stick handed in by a former recruit to the terror group.
Now it is claimed the files, said to show the addresses, telephone numbers and family contacts of jihadis who signed up to join IS, contain the names of dozens of British people.
Manchester father Raphael Hostey is listed as the sponsor of another Briton named Anosh and known as Abu Dujana al Britani, Sky News said.
Hostey, who studied at John Moores University in Liverpool, left the UK in 2013 aged in his early 20s and was suspected to have joined IS. He was described by a judge as having become "an inspirational figure, encouraging others to travel and join in with Jihad".
Another Briton reportedly mentioned in the files is Khalil Raoufi who also left for Syria to join IS in 2013 and was from Manchester. He died in February 2014, a day after turning 20, having trained with the terror group and taken part in guerilla warfare.
Nationals from more than 51 countries including the UK are said to have filled in a 23-question "registration" form as they were inducted into IS.
The leak has been described by one expert as as a potential "gold mine" for security services and law enforcement.
Shashank Joshi, a senior research fellow at the Royal United Services Institute security think tank, said it could make it easier to prosecute fighters who return home, and could also provide new information on people who were not already known to have left the country.